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The Effect of Intra-anal Nifedipine, Used As Add-on to Conservative Therapy, on Pain in Patients With Anal Fissure

Information source: RDD Pharma Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chronic Anal Fissure

Intervention: Nifedipine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: RDD Pharma Ltd

Overall contact:
Nir Barak, MD, Phone: 3023199970, Email: barak@rddpharma.com

Summary

The objective of the study is to examine the effect of Nifedipine, applied intra-anally through our drug delivery device, on rectal pain severity in anal fissure patients that are being managed with conservative treatment.

Clinical Details

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Rectal pain and measured by VAS

Secondary outcome: Healing of anal fissure

Detailed description: This is a randomized, double-blinded study. All patients in the study will be treated with the conservative standard of care for anal fissure. Study medication will be used as an add-on to conservative therapy, and will consist of 3 groups: 1. Treatment Group 1- 12 mg of Nifedipine to be self-administered twice daily. 2. Treatment Group 2- 12 mg of Nifedipine to be self-administered once daily in the morning hours and placebo to be self-administered in the evening.

3. Placebo Group - Placebo to be self-administered twice daily. Approximately 330 subjects

will participate in this study. A screening visit will be used to determine subject suitability for inclusion in the trial. Within one week of the screening visit, subjects who meet all inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria will receive either Nifedipine 12 mg X2 a day (BID) (24 mg/day total) or Nifedipine 12 mg X1/day to be administered in the morning hours and a matching placebo X1/day to be administered in the evening hours (12 mg/day total) or a matching placebo X2 a day (BID) (0 mg/day total) for a period of 8 weeks. During this period, 4 study visits (at 0, 2, 5, and 8 weeks) will take place. Study medication and placebo will be administered BID (in the morning and in the evening). In addition to receiving study medication, subjects will be maintained on a conservative standard treatment for Anal Fissure: sitz baths, high fiber diet, stool softeners and plenty of fluids. Upon completion of the treatment cycle, patients will be contacted by phone (at weeks 10, 13 and 16) and will be questioned about recurrent symptoms e. g. pain or bleeding. Patients that: 1. Were enrolled to one of the investigational groups ,and completed the 8 weeks treatment period or discontinued treatment because the investigator deemed them as healed AND 2. Experience symptoms of recurrence AND ARE 3. Willing to participate in an open label extension will receive Nifedipine 12 mg X2 a day (BID) for a period of 8 weeks. During this period, 4 study visits (at 0, 2, 5, and 8 weeks from the start of retreatment) will take place.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects meeting the following criteria will be eligible to participate in the trial:

1. Single anal fissure; 2. Signed written informed consent; 3. Male or female subjects 18 to 65 years of age inclusive; 4. Has chronic anal fissure defined as history of rectal pain at least three days a week

for at least 6 weeks - or more AND at least one of the following:

- Sentinel skin tag

- Hypertrophied anal papilla

- Exposure of the underlying internal anal sphincter

- Anal cicatrisation

5. Visual analogue scale of average 24 hours rectal pain (VAS) of > 40 mm in screening visit 6. Capable of using the IVRS and able to adequately communicate comprehension of the IVRS questions to the investigator 7. If female, is non-lactating, has a negative urine pregnancy test result, and does not plan on becoming pregnant during the study, or not of childbearing potential (hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least 6 months prior to entry to the study or post-menopausal for 1 year); if of childbearing potential (including peri-menopausal women who have had a menstrual period within one year) must practice or be willing to continue to practice acceptable birth control from screening and until 1 week after the study medication has been discontinued. Acceptable birth control includes :

- combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception

- associated with inhibition of ovulation; oral OR intravaginal OR transdermal.

- progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation: oral

OR injectable OR implantable.

- progestogen-only oral hormonal contraception, where inhibition of ovulation is not

the primary mode of action

- intrauterine device (IUD)

- intrauterine hormone-releasing system ( IUS)

- bilateral tubal occlusion

- vasectomised partner

- sexual abstinence

- male or female condom with or without spermicide

- cap, diaphragm or sponge with spermicide

Exclusion Criteria:

- Subjects are excluded from participation in the study if any of the following criteria

apply: 1. Known allergy to Nifedipine 2. Unwilling to stop all other concomitant topical preparations applied in and around the anus from screening through the end of the study 3. Subfissure injection of botulinum toxin in the 3 months prior to screening. 4. Fissure resulting from inflammatory bowel disease, venereal disease, perianal psoriasis, immunodeficiency syndrome 5. Atypical fissure (occurs off the midline) in which secondary causes were not excluded. 6. Deemed by the investigator as anal fissure for which surgery is indicated 7. Anal abscess; 8. Grade 4 hemorrhoids 9. Fixed anal stenosis 10. Active or past history of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease including but not limited to angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attacks/stroke, arrhythmia or ecg changes that requires medical treatment or deemed by the investigator as clinically significant, moderate to severe congestive heart failure, or cardiac valve abnormalities; 11. Type 1 diabetes mellitus 12. Insulin treated type 2 diabetes mellitus 13. Renal failure defined as a serum creatinine > 1. 5 mg/dL (133 ┬Ámol/L) at screening 14. Liver disease defined as Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase(ALT) >2 X upper limit of normal at screening 15. Malignant disease within 3 years of screening 16. Has uncontrolled hypertension (sitting blood pressure >160/95 mmHg at screening) 17. History of chronic gastrointestinal disease such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis 18. History of major rectal surgery 19. History of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C 20. Has clinical laboratory test values (chemistry, hematology, or urinalysis) judged to be clinically significant by the investigator at screening; 21. Has used, in the last two weeks, drugs that may affect blood coagulation, such as Aspirin at a dose higher than 500 mg/day, Warfarin, Sintrom, Enoxaparin, Nadroparin, Heparin, Clopidogrel, Ticlopidine Rivaroxaban, Apixaban, Edoxaban 22. Is treated with drugs that may affect the anal sphincter:

- Calcium channel blockers such as Nifedipine, Diltiazem or Verapamil

- Nitroglycerin or nitrates

23. Has, upon physical examination, a rectal deformation or signs of rectal disease such as fistula, infection or space occupying lesion 24. Participated in a clinical study in the last 30 days prior to screening. 25. Is an immediate family member of personnel directly affiliated with the study at the investigative site, or is personally directly affiliated with the study at the investigative site; or is employed or related to the Sponsor, CRO or investigator;

Locations and Contacts

Nir Barak, MD, Phone: 3023199970, Email: barak@rddpharma.com

Additional Information

Starting date: October 2015
Last updated: August 18, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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