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Adaptive Study of IL-2 Dose Frequency on Regulatory T Cells in Type 1 Diabetes

Information source: Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Type 1 Diabetes

Intervention: Aldesleukin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Frank Waldron-Lynch, MB BChir PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Cambridge
Kevin M O'Shaughnessy, BM BCh DPhil, Study Chair, Affiliation: University of Cambridge

Overall contact:
Frank Waldron-Lynch, MB BChir PhD, Phone: +44 (0)1223 763213, Email: frank.waldron-lynch@cimr.cam.ac.uk


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the most common severe autoimmune disease worldwide and is caused by the body's immune destruction of its own insulin producing pancreatic beta cells leading to insulin deficiency and development of elevated blood sugars. Currently, medical management of T1D focuses on intensive insulin replacement therapy to limit complications (retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy); nevertheless clinical outcomes remain suboptimal. There are intensive efforts to design novel immunotherapies that can arrest the autoimmune process and thereby preserve residual insulin production leading to fewer complications and better clinical outcomes. Genetics are in part the cause of T1D and the majority of genes contributing to T1D produce proteins involved in immune regulation (called "tolerance"). A key player in immune tolerance is a molecule called interleukin-2 (IL-2) which enhances the ability of cells called T regulatory (Treg) cells to suppress the destruction the insulin producing beta cells. Aldesleukin is a human recombinant IL-2 product produced by recombinant DNA technology using a genetically engineered E. coli strain expressing an analogue of the human IL-2 gene. There is substantial data to suggest that ultra-low doses (ULD) of IL-2 (aldesleukin) can arrest the autoimmune mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells by the induction of functional Treg cells. The former study "Adaptive study of IL-2 dose on regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes" (DILT1D) (NCT 01827735) was a single dose mechanistic study designed to establish the doses of IL-2 (aldesleukin) required to induce a minimal Treg increase (0. 1 fold from baseline) or to induce a slightly larger Treg increase (0. 2 fold from baseline) (maximal increase). Following on from the DILT1D study, the goal of the DILfrequency study is to use an adaptive design to determine the optimal dose and frequency of ULD IL-2 (aldesleukin) to maximize Treg function by frequently injecting ultra-low doses of IL-2 (aldesleukin). The responsiveness of each T1D participant to a particular frequency of IL-2 (aldesleukin) administration informs the frequency of dosing given to the next patient. This strategy focuses on improving the function of regulatory T cells that are exquisitely sensitive to IL-2 (aldesleukin).

Clinical Details

Official title: Adaptive Study of IL-2 Dose Frequency on Regulatory T Cells in Type 1 Diabetes (DILfrequency)

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Change from baseline of CD4 T regulatory cells, CD4 T effector cells and CD25 expression on T regulatory cells during treatment with ultra low dose IL-2

Secondary outcome:

T regulatory cell number, phenotype and proliferation

T effector cell number, phenotype and proliferation

Natural Killer cell number, phenotype and proliferation

B lymphocyte cell number, phenotype and proliferation

T cell and Natural killer cell intracellular signalling

Full blood count

Blood levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha, soluble CD25, IP-10, soluble rIL-6, and CRP

Change in metabolic control

Safety and tolerability


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Type 1 diabetes

- 18-70 years of age

- Duration of diabetes less than 60 months from diagnosis

- Written informed consent to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

- Hypersensitivity to aldesleukin or any of the excipients

- History of severe cardiac disease

- History of malignancy within the past 5 years (with the exception of localized

carcinoma of the skin that had been resected for cure or cervical carcinoma in situ)

- History or concurrent use of immunosuppressive agents or steroids

- History of unstable diabetes with recurrent hypoglycaemia

- History of live vaccination two weeks prior to first treatment

- Active autoimmune hyper or hypothyroidism

- Active clinical infection

- Major pre-existing organ dysfunction or previous organ allograft

- Females who are pregnant, lactating or intend to get pregnant during the study

- Males who intend to father a pregnancy during the study

- Donation of more than 500 ml of blood within 2 months prior to aldesleukin


- Participation in a previous therapeutic clinical trial within 2 months prior to

aldesleukin administration

- Abnormal ECG

- Abnormal full blood count, chronic renal failure (Stage 3,4,5) and/or evidence of

severely impaired liver function (ALT/AST > 3xULN at screening; alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin 2xULN at screening (isolated bilirubin >2xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%))

Locations and Contacts

Frank Waldron-Lynch, MB BChir PhD, Phone: +44 (0)1223 763213, Email: frank.waldron-lynch@cimr.cam.ac.uk

Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Frank Waldron-Lynch, MB BChir PhD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

DILfrequency trial website

Facebook page

Twitter page

Pinterest page

Related publications:

Waldron-Lynch F, Kareclas P, Irons K, Walker NM, Mander A, Wicker LS, Todd JA, Bond S. Rationale and study design of the Adaptive study of IL-2 dose on regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes (DILT1D): a non-randomised, open label, adaptive dose finding trial. BMJ Open. 2014 Jun 4;4(6):e005559. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005559.

Starting date: October 2014
Last updated: June 22, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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