DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Association Between Low Cortisol Levels and Whiplash Syndrome

Information source: Soroka University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Injuries, Whiplash

Intervention: Hydrocortisone (Drug); normal saline 0.9% (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Soroka University Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
David Czeiger, M.D. PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Soroka University Medical Center


The investigators hypothesis is that low (or low relatively to the situation) cortisol levels might be a causative factor of whiplash injury or post traumatic stress disorder following road accidents. In this study the investigators enroll patients who sustained a road accident. From all patients a blood sample will be withdrawn to measure cortisol concentrations. Than, the patients will be divided into 2 groups: the study group will receive a single injection of intravenous Hydrocortisone 100 milligram (a synthetic steroid used routinely for many years). The control group will receive a same volume of normal saline which would be used as a placebo treatment. The investigators assume that patients with low cortisol levels would tend to have a higher incidence of whiplash injuries and / or post traumatic stress disorders, and that a single bolus of hydrocortisone may prevent these untoward sequelas of trauma.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Association Between Low Cortisol Level and Whiplash Syndrome and the Effect of a Single Hydrocortisone Injection on Neck Symptoms Among Motor Vehicle Accident Victims: a Randomized Placebo Controlled Double Blinded Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Prevention of whiplash syndrome according to validated scales of pain and neck motion disability.

Detailed description:

Study protocol Patients arriving during day time (08: 00 - 16: 00) to the Soroka Hospital

emergency department following a motor vehicle accident and will be found eligible will be asked to participate in the study. Following an informed consent the recruited patients will be randomly divided into a study group or a control group. From all the participants a volume of 5 milliliter of peripheral blood will be withdrawn for cortisol concentration determination prior to the study intervention. After withdrawing the blood sample patients will receive a single bolus of intravenous Hydrocortisone 100 milligram (study group) or normal saline (0. 9%) at a similar volume to that of the study drug, 5 ml (control group). Patients will be otherwise receiving the regular management of a trauma patient. The enrolled patients will fill simple, short questionnaires including demographic data, neck disability index, (NDI), numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), Tampa scale for kinesiophobia (TSK-11), PTSD questionnaire (PDA), and will be assessed by the treating physician for the degree of whiplash (WAD 0-4). The patients will be followed-up by one of the investigators for a period of 6 months. In each visit the patient will be assessed again by the above mention tools. Sample size: 45 patients in each arm. Blinding and randomization: triple blinding and using a randomization software. Statistical assessment will be performed to identify differences of developing WAD (whiplash associated disorder) between patients who had an admission low level of cortisol compared with those who had a high or normal level, and also between patients who received hydrocortisone compared to those who received placebo.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- victims of motor vehicle accidents

- signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- pregnancy

- traumatic brain injury

- psychiatry disorders

- active cancerous conditions

- adrenal diseases

- medical treatment by estrogens, anti-depressants, melatonin, pain control.

- substance abuse

- hospitalization due to the trauma

- contra indication to hydrocortisone treatment

- over 6 hours from time of injury

Locations and Contacts

Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Negev 84101, Israel; Recruiting
David Czeiger, M.D, Email: czeiger@bgu.ac.il
Gad Shaked, M.D., Sub-Investigator

Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Negev 84101, Israel; Recruiting
Gad Shaked, M.D, Phone: 972542365600, Email: shakedg@bgu.ac.il
David Czeiger, M.D, Phone: 972544761408, Email: czeiger@bgu.ac.il
Gad Shaked, Sub-Investigator

Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Negev 84101, Israel; Recruiting
David Czeiger, M.D., Email: czeiger@bgu.ac.il
Gad Shaked, Sub-Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: March 2014
Last updated: August 27, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017