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Effect of Nicotinamide in Friedreich's Ataxia

Information source: Imperial College London
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Neurodegenerative Disorders

Intervention: nicotinamide (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Imperial College London

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Vincenzo Libri, Dr, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Imperial College London
Paola Giunti, Dr, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: NHNN, 02034483153

Overall contact:
Richard Festensetin, Prof, Phone: 02083838310, Email: r.festenstein@imperial.ac.uk

Summary

The purpose of the interventional study is to determine whether Nicotinamide is effective at upregulating the Frataxin (FXN) gene in patients with Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) where this gene is abnormally 'switched off'. The purpose of the non-interventional study is to investigate the use of novel, highly-sensitive technology to capture clinical deficit and measure subtle changes in the activities of daily living and to correlate functional changes to levels of expression of Frataxin protein and the epigenetic structure of the Frataxin gene over a 9-12 month period without nicotinamide. Healthy volunteers will be included as comparators in this part of the study.

Clinical Details

Official title: Pharmacodynamic Studies of a Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor in Friedreich's Ataxia

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Significant upregulation of Frataxin (FXN) in patients with Friedrich ataxia using an antibody dipstick assay (interventional part)

Secondary outcome:

Assessment of impact on clinical phenotype using the SARA scale to measure degree of ataxia (interventional part of the study)

Use of novel highly-sensitive technology to capture clinical deficit (non-interventional part)

Correlate functional changes to levels of expression of Frataxin protein and the epigenetic structure of the Frataxin gene over a 6-9 month period without nicotinamide (non-interventional part).

Assessment of additional FRDA biomarkers using gene expression profiling (interventional study).

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (interventional study)

Determine the safety and tolerability of nicotinamide in FRDA patients (interventional study).

Detailed description: Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is caused by a GAA repeat expansion in the Frataxin gene causing its repression which resembles the archetypal epigenetic phenomenon of Position Effect Variegation and hence can be modulated by chromatin modifiers The investigators have now confirmed that a similar form of silencing occurs in cells from FRDA patients. Based on these findings histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors which can overcome such silencing have been identified. The investigators have extended this result by showing that the classical Class III HDAC inhibitor, nicotinamide, can relieve silencing in cells from patients. Nicotinamide is a vitamin and a registered drug and has been previously administered to humans with no significant ill effects. In the interventional study, the investigators will perform pharmacodynamic studies on nicotinamide in humans with FRDA to investigate whether the investigators can upregulate Frataxin and if so, to determine an optimum dosing regimen. Nicotinamide will be administered orally following a standard drug escalation regimen and blood samples taken to measure Frataxin level and chromatin structure of the Frataxin gene. The end-point of the study is to achieve significant upregulation of Frataxin in patients providing a potential therapy for this currently untreatable condition. In the non-interventional study, we will investigate the use of novel, highly-sensitive technology to capture clinical deficit and measure subtle changes in the activities of daily living and correlate functional changes to levels of expression of Frataxin protein and the epigenetic structure of the Frataxin gene over a 9-12 month period without nicotinamide. Healthy volunteers as comparators will be included in this part of the study. HVs will undergo the same assessments as participants with Friedreich ataxia once.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria for the interventional study 1. Participants must have a molecular genetic diagnosis of FRDA, consisting of a GAA-repeat expansion on both alleles of the FXN gene. 2. Participants must be over the age of 18 years living in the UK and registered with a GP. 3. Participants must provide informed consent. If written consent is not possible due to physical incapacity, written consent on behalf of the participant will be sought from the participant's relatives or carer. 4. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is of: Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 MlU/ml and estradiol <40 pg/ml (<140 pmol/L) is confirmatory]. Child-bearing potential and agrees to use one of the following contraception methods: True abstinence: When this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant. [Periodic abstinence (e. g.,calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception]. Contraceptive Methods with a Failure Rate of < 1%:

- Oral contraceptive, either combined or progestogen alone;

- Injectable progestogen;

- Implants of levonorgestrel;

- Estrogenic vaginal ring;

- Percutaneous contraceptive patches; -

- Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) that meets the <1% failure

rate as stated in the product label;

- Male partner(s) sterilisation (vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia) prior to

the female participants entry into the study;

- Double barrier method: condom and occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps)

plus vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository). Exclusion Criteria for the interventional study 1. Participants with significant clinical dysphagia. 2. Participants taking Sodium Valproate or any other known histone deacetylase inhibitor. 3. Participants taking part in another interventional clinical trial or who have done so within 30 days before screening. 4. Participants known to be positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 5. Participants with any additional medical condition or illness that, in the opinion of the CI would interfere with study compliance and/or impair the participants ability to participate or complete the study. Concurrent diseases or conditions that may interfere with study participation or safety include liver disease, bleeding disorders, arrhythmias, organ transplant, organ failure, current neoplasm, poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, poorly controlled hypertension, clinically significant haematological or biochemical abnormality. 6. Patients with a history of substance abuse (e. g. alcohol or drug abuse) within the previous 6 months before enrolment. 7. Participants with a history of severe allergies. 8. Female participants who are lactating or pregnant (positive pre-randomisation serum pregnancy test) or plan to become pregnant during the study. 9. Hypersensitivity to Nicobion (nicotinamide) or any of the excipients in this preparation 10. Liver function tests outside the normal range: aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), bilirubin which in the opinion of the CI would put the participants safety at risk. Inclusion Criteria for the non-interventional study 1. Up to 20 participants must have a molecular genetic diagnosis of FRDA, consisting of a GAA-repeat expansion on both alleles of the FXN gene. Up to 20 participants must be HV. 2. Participants are over the age of 18 years, living in the UK and registered with a GP. 3. Participants must provide informed consent. If written consent is not possible due to physical incapacity, written consent on behalf of the participant will be sought from the participant's relatives or carer. 4. Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test. Exclusion Criteria for the non-interventional study 1. Contraindications to MRI including, but not limited to: intracranial aneurism clips (except Sugita), history of metal lathe work or possibility of intra-orbital metal fragments, pacemakers and non-MR compatible heart valves or other non-MR compatible implants, history of claustrophobia or participant feels unable to lie still on their back for a period of 60-90mins in the fMRI scanner.

Locations and Contacts

Richard Festensetin, Prof, Phone: 02083838310, Email: r.festenstein@imperial.ac.uk

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Paola Giunti, Phone: 02034483153, Email: p.giunti@ucl.ac.uk
Paola Giunti, Principal Investigator

NIHR/Wellcome Trust Imperial CRF, London, Hammersmith W12 0HS, United Kingdom; Recruiting
richard festenstein, Email: r.festenstein@imperial.ac.uk
naomi loyse, Email: n.loyse@imperial.ac.uk
Richard Festenstein, Principal Investigator
Vincenzo Libri, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: June 2012
Last updated: January 7, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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