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Effect of Amiodarone on the Procedure Outcome in Long-standing Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Pulmonary Vein Antral Isolation

Information source: Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Foundation
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Atrial Fibrillation

Intervention: Amiodarone (Drug); Amiodarone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Foundation

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Andrea Natale, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: TCAI, St.David's Medical Center
Luigi Di Biase, Md, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Foundation

Summary

This prospective randomized study aims to investigate the effect of continuous versus interrupted use of Amiodarone on the procedure outcome in long-standing persistent (LSP) atrial fibrillation patients undergoing pulmonary vein antral isolation (PVAI).

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Amiodarone on the Procedure Outcome in Long-standing Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Pulmonary Vein Antral Isolation

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Recurrence of atrial arrhythmia

Secondary outcome: Relapse of AF

Detailed description: Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained clinical arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. Its prevalence is 0. 4-1% in the general population and greater than 8% in individuals >80 years of age. An estimated 2. 5million individual in North America and 4. 5 million in Europe are affected by AF (1). There are two fundamental principles in the management of AF; 1) anticoagulation to reduce the risk of thromboembolism, 2) ablation therapy or drugs or both to control the arrhythmia (2). Amiodarone, a potent antiarrhythmic drug, is recommended for both atrial and ventricular arrhythmia. It has a combination of Beta-blockade, calcium-, sodium- and potassium-channel blockade effect. Most importantly, the potassium-channel blockade slows repolarization, causing an increase in the action-potential duration and in the refractoriness of the cardiac musculature (3). As the myocardium remains unresponsive, the premature depolarizations which were previously causing AF are prevented from propagation. During the ablation procedure, mapping electrograms using circular mapping catheter and provocative maneuvers such as administration of isoproterenol in incremental doses are commonly used to aid in identification of pulmonary vein (PV) and non-PV triggers. In addition, areas with complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) are identified and eliminated by ablation. In patients with LSP, inclusion of PV and non-PV triggers as ablation targets, improves the procedure outcome. As Amiodarone increases the refractoriness of the myocardium, it is possible that under the effect of Amiodarone some of the focal triggers could be masked or remain unidentified during mapping or isoproterenol-provocation. These unrecognized triggers could cause recurrence of AF during the post-ablation period. In other words, discontinuation of Amiodarone at least 5-months before ablation could result in unmasking of all the focal triggers that would have otherwise stayed unrecognized and eliminating those triggers would significantly improve the success rate of the procedure. Our study aims to investigate the role of Amiodarone in influencing the procedure outcome in LSP-AF patients undergoing catheter ablation. Hypothesis: Withdrawal of Amiodarone 4 months before procedure results in unmasking of additional focal triggers, ablation of which leads to an improved procedure outcome in LSP_AF patients. Inclusion Criteria: 1. History of LSP AF 2. Age > 18 years 3. Willing and ability to understand and sign an informed consent 4. Patients on chronic Amiodarone therapy (≥ 3 months) Exclusion Criteria: 1. Unstable angina 2. Concomitant treatment with other class I or III antiarrhythmic drugs 3. Myocardial infarction within past 3 months) 4. Presence of any disease that is likely to shorten life expectancy to < 1 year 5. Symptomatic heart failure, NYHA III or IV 6. Contraindications for Amiodarone 7. Chronic liver diseases 8. Pregnant or breast-feeding mothers Primary Outcome Measure: Recurrence of AF, atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia Secondary Outcome Measures: Difference in the occurrence of relapse between the control and the study groups Study design: This is a multi-center, prospective study in which consecutively enrolled patients treated with Amiodarone for long standing persistent AF will be randomized to either the study or the control group. Study group: Amiodarone therapy will be stopped at least 4-months before ablation procedure and ablation will be performed off Amiodarone. Patients will not take Amiodarone during the blanking period (8 weeks post-ablation). Control group: Patient will continue taking Amiodarone before, during and after ablation (8 weeks post-ablation). After the blanking period, everybody would be off Amiodarone unless they have recurrence. Anti-arrhythmic drugs other than Amiodarone would be tried if patient develops recurrence and repeat ablation would be considered. Follow-Up: Patients will be followed up for 3 years post-ablation. An ECG and telemetry transmission monitor report will be obtained in all patients at each follow-up examination. Patients will be supplied with an Event Recorder for trans-telephonic rhythm transmission (telemetry) for 5 months after ablation, and will be asked to transmit their rhythm data every time they had symptoms compatible with arrhythmias; and at least once a week, even if they were asymptomatic. Holter monitoring will be performed at 6-month post-ablation. The arrhythmic episodes will be documented based on ECG, Holter data, Event Recorder data and/or implanted device data (when available). In case of recurrence, if patients undergo repeat ablations, all procedures will happen off amiodarone. After redo, patients will be followed up for 1 year for recurrence in the same way as described above.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. History of LSP AF 2. Age > 18 years 3. Willing and ability to understand and sign an informed consent 4. Patients on chronic Amiodarone therapy (≥ 3 months) Exclusion Criteria: 1. Unstable angina 2. Concomitant treatment with other class I or III antiarrhythmic drugs 3. Myocardial infarction within past 3 months) 4. Presence of any disease that is likely to shorten life expectancy to < 1 year 5. Symptomatic heart failure, NYHA III or IV 6. Contraindications for Amiodarone 7. Chronic liver diseases 8. Pregnant or breast-feeding mothers

Locations and Contacts

St.David's Medical Center, Austin, Texas 78705, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2010
Last updated: August 20, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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