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FluMist in Egg Allergic Patients

Information source: Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on February 07, 2013
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Egg Allergy; Eligible for Vaccination Against Influenza

Intervention: FluMist intranasal influenza vaccine (Biological); Intramuscular influenza injection ("flu shot") (Biological)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Susan Laubach, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Overall contact:
Kristi McKinney, MD, Phone: 202-782-6848, Email: kristi.mckinney@us.army.mil


With the growing public health concerns of seasonal influenza and H1N1 in the United States, the primary means by which this can be addressed is with prevention, namely, vaccination against the influenza virus. The only individuals not able to receive this vaccination in the primary care provider's office are those patients with egg allergies and, in rare circumstances, individuals with allergies to other components of the vaccine. Current guidelines allow for the administration of the influenza vaccine to patients with egg allergy using vaccines with low egg protein (ovalbumin) content or by using skin testing followed by a 5-dose desensitization protocol. Since this is impractical to perform in the primary care office and cumbersome for allergists, many egg-allergic patients simply do not receive the influenza vaccine, leaving them more vulnerable to the disease and more likely to become a source of contagion.

Several studies have suggested that influenza vaccination using a 1-2 dose protocol may be safe. This fact is due in large part to the low ovalbumin (egg protein) content in modern influenza vaccines. All studies of influenza vaccination in egg-allergic patients have been done using intramuscular trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV). However, the trivalent live-attenuated, cold-adapted influenza vaccine (LAIV), which is delivered intranasally, has a lower published ovalbumin content than the injectable vaccines, suggesting that it may also be well-tolerated by egg-allergic patients. According to several studies, LAIV may be more efficacious than TIV in children.

It is the goal of the investigators to evaluate the safety of immunizing egg-allergic individuals with the LAIV.

Clinical Details

Official title: Flu Vaccine in Egg-allergic Patients Minimizing Injections Safety Trial

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: To estimate the safety of LAIV in egg-allergic patients receiving the LAIV.

Secondary outcome: To estimate the safety of a single, full-strength dose of TIV in egg allergic patients.

Detailed description: Patients with egg allergy will be recruited into the study. Since the trivalent live-attenuated, cold-adapted influenza vaccine (LAIV) contains the lowest amount of egg protein of all available influenza vaccines on the market, those who are eligible to receive the intranasal formulation (LAIV group) (ie age 2-49y, not asthmatic) will receive FluMist; others will receive the intramuscular injection in a single dose without skin testing (TIV group). All subjects will be monitored for 30 minutes post-vaccine for any signs/symptoms of an immediate allergic reaction. Subjects will also be followed-up by phone 24-48 hours after administration to assess for any delayed allergic reaction. Data will be collected for one entire Influenza season (2010-2011).


Minimum age: 6 Months. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age > 6 months

- Clinical history of allergic symptoms (hives, swelling, vomiting, respiratory

problems, low blood pressure) within 2 hours after ingestion of egg OR Eczema/atopic dermatitis worsened by egg exposure

- Confirmation of clinical history by positive egg skin prick test or serum

egg-specific IgE or a positive oral food challenge. [The >95% positive predictive values of egg serum IgE in subjects >2 years old with atopic dermatitis is 6 kU/L or greater. In subjects >2 years old without atopic dermatitis, the value is 7 kU/L or greater. In subjects less than 2 years old, the value is 2 kU/L or greater.]

- FluMist (LAIV) cohort: Patients age 2-49 years WITHOUT a history of asthma symptoms

or treatment within the past 12 months will receive intranasal FluMist.

- Flu Shot (TIV) Intramuscular influenza vaccine cohort: Patients 6 months to 2 yrs or

> 49 years or WITH a history of asthma symptoms / treatment within the past 12 months. History/Treatment of asthma in the past 12 months is defined as follows:

1. wheezing in the past 12 months

2. use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), combined ICS / long acting beta agonist (LABA), or oral steroid in the past 12 months

3. emergency room or acute care visit or hospitalization for asthma or wheezing in the past 12 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Subjects who potentially have outgrown their egg allergy (no allergic reaction with

ingestion of whole egg in the past 18 months and an egg serum specific IgE level ≤2 kU/L).

- Pregnancy

- Current moderate to severe illness with a fever.

- Allergy to other components of the vaccine - gentamicin, gelatin, arginine,

thimerosal - or a history of a previous allergic reaction to the influenza vaccine.

- Abnormal Vital Signs.

- History of Guillain-Barre' Syndrome (GBS).

- HIV/AIDS or another disease that affects the immune system, or cancer.

- Long term health problems that are contraindicated for the LAIV or TIV.

- Receipt of a live viral vaccine within the month prior (e. g. FluMist, MMR, yellow

fever, chicken pox, rotavirus, smallpox).

- Current use of any prescription medicine (e. g. antiviral) to prevent or treat

influenza. (only excludes use of LAIV, may still receive TIV)

- Concurrent use of aspirin or aspirin-containing therapy in children and adolescents

(2-18 years of age)(only excludes use of LAIV, may still receive TIV)

- Living with or having close contact with someone whose immune system is severely

compromised (e. g. transplant recipient). (only excludes use of LAIV, may still receive TIV) Breastfeeding mothers may still receive either LAIV or TIV.

- The following medications can interfere with signs of an allergic reaction or

complicate the treatment of an allergic reaction and should be discontinued as outlined below:

1. H1 antihistamines or doxepin should be discontinued for 7 days, and diphenhydramine for 72 hrs prior.

2. H2 antihistamines should be discontinued for 24 hrs prior.

3. Tricyclic antidepressants should be discontinued, after consultation with the prescribing physician, for 6 weeks prior.

4. Beta blockers should be discontinued, after consultation with the prescribing physician, for 24 hours prior.

Locations and Contacts

Kristi McKinney, MD, Phone: 202-782-6848, Email: kristi.mckinney@us.army.mil

Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia 20307, United States; Recruiting
Kristi McKinney, MD, Phone: 202-782-6848, Email: kristi.mckinney@us.army.mil
Susan Laubach, MD, Phone: 202-782-9471, Email: susan.laubach@us.army.mil
Kristi McKinney, MD, Principal Investigator
Susan Laubach, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

CDC Information on Seasonal Influenza

Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network

Starting date: September 2010
Last updated: November 24, 2010

Page last updated: February 07, 2013

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