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Clozapine and Olanzapine Treatment of Aggression

Information source: Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia

Intervention: Clozapine (Drug); Olanzapine (Drug); Haloperidol (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Bennett L Leventhal, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Nathan Kline Institute


This was a double-blind randomized study with three treatment arms: clozapine, olanzapine and haloperidol. We compared these three medications in the treatment of aggressive behavior over a 12 week period.

Clinical Details

Official title: Clozapine and Olanzapine in the Treatment of Violence in Schizophrenic Patients

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of aggressive incidents

Secondary outcome:

Psychiatric Symptoms

Side effects of medications

Detailed description: Objective: The purpose of our study was the investigation of the effect of atypical antipsychotic agents on interpersonal violence and aggression. We compared the efficacy of two atypical antipsychotic agents, clozapine and olanzapine with one another and with haloperidol in the treatment of physical assaults and other assaultive behaviors in physically assaultive patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Method: The subjects were 110 physically assaultive inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. They were randomly assigned to treatment with clozapine (N=37), olanzapine (N=37) or haloperidol (N=36) in a 12-week, double-blind trial. Incidents of overt aggression were recorded and their severity was scored with the Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS). Psychiatric symptoms were assessed through the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). We also assessed various side effects and monitored vital signs and drew bloods.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age: 18 to 60 years.

- Diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

- Aggression: One episode of physical assault directed at another person in the

hospital and persistence of violence/hostility for two weeks, as evidenced by the presence of some other physical, verbal or property assault or hostility, which would result in a score of 4 or more on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Hostility Item. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who were hospitalized for more than a year

- Patients who had a history of nonresponse to clozapine, olanzapine or haloperidol

(defined as a lack of improvement despite a contiguous adequate trial of medication)

- Patients who had a history of clozapine, olanzapine, or haloperidol intolerance

- Patients who had medical conditions that would be adversely affected by any of these

three medications.

- Patients who received a depot antipsychotic within 30 days before randomization.

Locations and Contacts

Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, New York 10962, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: June 1999
Last updated: May 13, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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