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Safety and Efficacy Study of GM-CSF, Thalidomide Plus Docetaxel in Prostate Cancer

Information source: The Methodist Hospital System
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Prostatic Neoplasms

Intervention: GM-CSF (Drug); thalidomide (Drug); docetaxel (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: The Methodist Hospital System

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Robert J Amato, DO, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Methodist Hospital Research Institute

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the relative efficacy and toxicity of combination therapy of GM-CSF, Thalidomide plus Docetaxel in patients with prostate cancer with a rising PSA.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase II Study of Patients With Hormone-Nave Prostate Cancer With a Rising Prostate Specific Antigen: Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF), Thalidomide Plus Docetaxel

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: To assess the relative efficacy of the combination of GM-CSF, Thalidomide and Docetaxel in patients with prostate cancer.

Secondary outcome:

Collect data on hormonal responses produced by GM-CSF, Thalidomide and Docetaxel.

Evaluate safety and toxicity of the combination of GM-CSF, Thalidomide and Docetaxel for patients with hormone naïve prostate cancer.

Detailed description: As more men are being diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer at an early age, the number who experiences a rising level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after initial treatment is increasing, affecting approximately 50,000 patients each year. These three drugs are commercially available. Thalidomide is an angiogenesis inhibitor which blocks the development of new blood vessels. GM-CSF stimulates the body's immune response to fight cancer. Docetaxel is the most active chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of prostate cancer. GM-CSF and thalidomide have proven activity in suppressing PSA values. This study design offers an opportunity to add cytotoxic therapy (docetaxel) in combination with an active pathobiologic regimen (GM-CSF plus thalidomide) to eradicate micrometastatic disease, thus potentially offering a significant delay to clinical failure as measured by a rise in PSA or radiographic involvement. Additionally, delays in the use of hormone therapy has the potential to be of significant benefit. GM-CSF will be administered at a fixed dose 3 days per week by subcutaneous injection for 12 months. Participants will receive a fixed dose of thalidomide orally at bedtime daily without interruption for 12 months. Docetaxel will be administered intravenously over 1 hour on week 1 of every cycle (every 3 weeks) for 18 weeks.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate.

- Failure of local treatments (surgery and/or radiation) as defined by a rising PSA;

demonstrated by at least three consecutive rises in PSA by intervals of at least 4 weeks apart with an absolute change of at least 1 ng/mL. If the confirmatory PSA (third PSA) is less than the previous screening PSA value, an additional test for rising PSA will be required to document progression.

- No clinical or radiographic evidence of disease.

- The Zubrod performance status 0-1.

- Prior hormonal therapy in the form of neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy is allowed as

long as androgen therapy has been completed at least 1 year prior to study entry.

- Adequate hematologic function: absolute granulocytes ≥ 1500/ul, platelets ≥

100,000/ul, hemoglobin ≥ 10 gm/100 ml within 4 weeks prior to study entry.

- Adequate hepatic function: bilirubin ≤ 1. 5 mg/dl, liver enzymes ≤ 1. 5 ULN within 4

weeks prior to study entry.

- Adequate renal function: creatinine ≤ 1. 5 x ULN within 4 weeks prior to study entry.

- Patients treated with bisphosphonate therapy before or after study entry are eligible

to continue in the study.

- Negative bone scan within 6 weeks prior to study entry.

- Negative CT scan or MRI of the abdomen and pelvis within 6 weeks prior to study

entry.

- Negative chest x-ray for metastatic disease within 6 weeks prior to study entry.

- Patients must sign a written informed consent prior to treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Serious intercurrent medical illness including symptomatic heart disease within 6

months.

- Previous or concurrent invasive cancers other than superficial non-melanomatous skin

cancer unless disease-free for at least 5 years.

- Major medical or psychiatric illness which, in the investigator's opinion, would

prevent completion of treatment and would interfere with follow-up.

- History of thromboembolic events (deep venous thrombosis, symptomatic cerebrovascular

events or pulmonary embolism), history of MI, within the last 12 months.

- History of bleeding disorders that would contraindicate Coumadin® (warfarin)

including: esophageal varices and clotting factor defects

Locations and Contacts

The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas 77030, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2006
Last updated: August 21, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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