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Maintenance of Efficacy With Risperidone Long Acting Injectable (R-LAI) in Patients With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Information source: Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia; Schizoaffective Disorder

Intervention: Risperidone Long-acting Injectable (LAI) 25 mg (Drug); Risperidone LAI 37.5 mg (Drug); Risperidone LAI 50 mg (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Janssen-Cilag S.p.A., Italy Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the maintenance of antipsychotic efficacy and safety of risperidone long-acting injectable (RLAI) in patients with schizophrenia (psychiatric disorder with symptoms of emotional instability, detachment from reality, often with delusions and hallucinations, and withdrawal into the self) or schizoaffective (a mixed psychiatric disorder relating to a complex psychotic state that has features of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder such as bipolar disorder) disorder who were receiving treatment with any antipsychotic medication and who required a long-term antipsychotic therapy. The secondary aim is to investigate prospectively (a study that starts with the present condition of a population of individuals and follows them into the future) the prevalence of patients who met standardized remission criteria (according to Andreasen et al. criteria) and the psychopathological, psychosocial and subjective predictors of achieving remission.

Clinical Details

Official title: Maintenance of Clinical Response With Risperidone Long Acting Injectable (R-LAI) in Patients With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Change from Baseline in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total and subscales score

Secondary outcome:

Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) scale

Change from Baseline in Clinical Global Impression-Change (CGI-C) scale

Change from Baseline in Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)

Change from Baseline in Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI 30)

The number of patients who experience adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability.

Detailed description: This is a prospective, open-label, (all people know the identity of the intervention), single-arm study conducted at 47 sites in Italy between January 2005 and April 2007. Approximately 338 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were receiving treatment with any antipsychotic medication and who required a long-term antipsychotic therapy will be switched directly to RLAI without an oral risperidone run-in (the elapsed time before a trial is started when no treatment is given to patients in the study). They will be considered either not optimally treated or symptom-free. Patients will be either not hospitalized or living in residential structures at the time of the enrollment as well as throughout the study. The maximum duration of study participation will be 52 weeks. Patient safety will be monitored throughout the study.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical

Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)

- Required long-term antipsychotic therapy at the time of recruitment

- Symptomatically stable and taking the same dose of antipsychotic agents for at least

one month before the baseline visit (considered stable if there have been no appreciable change in symptoms over the previous month, regardless of the severity of their symptoms)

- Patients or their legal representatives provided their written informed consent prior

to enrollment in the study Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who had received clozapine during the previous 3 months

- Participated in an investigational drug trial in the previous 30 days

- Previously been shown to be either intolerant or non-responsive to risperidone

therapy

- Presence of a serious unstable medical condition, such as a history or current

symptoms of tardive dyskinesia or a history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome

- Pregnant or breast-feeding; female patients of childbearing potential not using

adequate contraception

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Maintenance of clinical response with risperidone long-acting injectable (R-LAI) in subjects with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder

Starting date: January 2005
Last updated: June 25, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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