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Gene Therapy and Radioactive Iodine in Treating Patients With Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer That Did Not Respond to External-Beam Radiation Therapy

Information source: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Prostate Cancer

Intervention: Ad5-CMV-NIS (Biological); liothyronine sodium (Drug); reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (Genetic); laboratory biomarker analysis (Other); iodine I 131 (Radiation)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Mayo Clinic

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Brian J. Davis, M.D., Study Chair, Affiliation: Mayo Clinic


RATIONALE: Radioactive drugs, such as radioactive iodine, may carry radiation directly to tumor cells and not harm normal cells. Placing a gene called Ad5CMV-NIS in prostate cancer cells may help the prostate cells take in more radioactive iodine and thus kill the cancer cells. Drugs, such as liothyronine sodium, may protect the thyroid from the side effects of radioactive iodine. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gene therapy given together with radioactive iodine in treating patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer that did not respond to external-beam radiation therapy.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase I Trial of In Situ Gene Therapy for Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer Following Radiation Therapy Failure Using Sodium/Iodide Symporter and Radioiodine

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of toxicity incidents by NCI CTCAE v3.0 criteria

Secondary outcome:

Time to PSA progression


Incidence and duration of PSA response

Duration of PSA control

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: Primary

- To determine the safety and tolerance of Ad5CMV-NIS administered intraprostatically

followed by radioiodine treatment in patients with locally recurrent adenocarcinoma of the prostate following external beam radiotherapy.

- To determine the maximum tolerated dose of Ad5CMV-NIS in these patients.


- To evaluate the PSA response rates, duration, and time to PSA progression in these


- To evaluate the immune response to Ad5CMV-NIS.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of Ad5CMV-NIS. Patients receive intraprostate Ad5CMV-NIS, via transperineal injection under anesthesia, on day 1. They receive dosimetry oral iodine I 123 on day 4 and undergo image studies periodically for the next 24 hours for measurement of radioiodine uptake. Patients receive therapeutic oral iodine I 131 on day 5. All patients with intact thyroid glands (i. e., not previously surgically removed or ablated) receive TSH suppressive doses of oral liothyronine sodium 3 times daily for 10 days prior and for 15 days post administration of iodine I 123. Blood samples are collected periodically for measurement of PSA, fT4, and TSH; and peripheral blood cells are monitored for evidence of virus DNA via quantitative reverse-transcriptase-PCR. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 8 years. A transrectal tumor biopsy is to be performed at 3 months and 1 year post-treatment.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.



- Histologically confirmed recurrent adenocarcinoma of the prostate within the past


- No transitional cell, small cell, or squamous cell carcinoma of the prostate

- Local recurrence

- Disease recurred ≥ 18 months after completion of prior external beam radiotherapy

(EBRT) for stage T1-T2b, N0/X, M0 disease

- Biochemical failure as defined by the Phoenix definition (rise in PSA by 2 ng/mL

or more above the nadir PSA)

- PSA ≥ 0. 3 ng/mL to < 20 ng/mL measured within the past 30 days

- Pre-EBRT PSA < 50 ng/mL

- Prior locally recurrent hormone-refractory disease allowed

- American Urologic Association Obstructive Symptom Index Score ≤ 24

- No known standard therapy that is potentially curative or definitely capable of

extending life expectancy

- No evidence of or history of metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate

- Negative radiographic metastatic work-up including whole-body radionuclide bone

scan, CT and/or MR scan of the pelvis and abdomen, and chest x-ray

- Patients with suspicious areas on conventional imaging studies are eligible

provided they are biopsy negative

- No known CNS metastases

- No prostate size > 140 cc


- ECOG performance status 0-2

- Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks

- ANC ≥ 1,500/μL

- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL

- Hemoglobin ≥ 8. 5 g/dL

- Total bilirubin ≤ 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- INR ≤ 1. 4 times ULN

- Creatinine ≤ 1. 5 times ULN

- Thyroid-stimulating hormone 0. 3-5. 0 uIU/mL and free thyroxine 0. 8-1. 87 ng/dL

- Willing to provide biologic specimens and participate in imaging studies as required

- Willing to maintain a low-iodine diet for 12 days

- Starting 7 days prior to study virus injection continuing until after the iodine

I 131 radioiodine therapy on day 5

- No more than 1 of the following renal/genitourinary toxicities:

- Bladder spasms

- Dysuria (painful urination)

- Genitourinary fistula

- Hemoglobinuria

- Incontinence

- Operative injury to bladder and/or ureter

- Proteinuria

- Renal failure

- Uretal obstruction

- Urinary frequency/urgency

- Urinary retention

- Urine color change (not related to other dietary or physiologic cause [e. g.,

bilirubin, concentrated urine, or hematuria])

- Other renal/genitourinary toxicities

- No urinary tract infection within 72 hours prior to registration

- No pubic arch interference study demonstrating unacceptable prostate access by the

transperineal approach

- No absence of rectum or other anatomic features that would preclude transperineal

needle insertion into the prostate

- No coagulopathy that contraindicates transperineal and intraprostatic needle


- No other cancer within the past 2 years, except for squamous cell and basal cell skin


- No uncontrolled infection or fever > 100°F

- No known cardiac disease

- No seizure disorder

- No documented history of HIV positivity or other acquired immunodeficiency disorder

or congenital immunodeficiency disorder PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- See Disease Characteristics

- Recovered from acute, reversible effects of prior chemotherapy

- Androgen-deprivation therapy (if applicable) initiated more than 3 months prior to


- Patients who have undergone bilateral orchiectomy are eligible if they meet all

other criteria

- At least 6 weeks since prior bicalutamide, nilutamide, or oral or intravenous

iodinated contrast

- At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin C or nitrosoureas),

immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or other experimental drugs

- At least 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent anti-androgens (e. g., flutamide,

estrogens, ketoconazole, PC-SPES, finasteride, or megestrol acetate)

- At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent exogenous corticosteroids

- Patients clinically proven to require maintenance steroids allowed provided

there has been no change in their dose within the past 6 weeks

- No antibiotic therapy within the past 72 hours

- No prior organ transplantation

- No prior salvage prostatectomy or brachytherapy

- No other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary

therapy considered investigational

- No concurrent prophylactic use of colony-stimulating factors

- No concurrent enrollment in any other study involving a pharmacologic agent (drugs,

biologics, immunotherapy approaches, gene therapy) whether for symptom control or therapeutic intent

Locations and Contacts

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States; Recruiting
Mayo Clinic Clinical Trials Office, Phone: 855-776-0015
Brian J. Davis, M.D., Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: July 2009
Last updated: March 23, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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