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Rilonacept for Treatment of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF)

Information source: The Cleveland Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Familial Mediterranean Fever

Intervention: Rilonacept (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: The Cleveland Clinic

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Philip J Hashkes, MD, MSc, Study Director, Affiliation: Shaare Zedek Medical Center/The Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Summary

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetic disease resulting in recurrent attacks of fever, abdominal pain, chest pain, arthritis and rash. There are 5-15% of patients who continue to have FMF attacks despite treatment with colchicine or who cannot tolerate colchicine. Currently there are no alternatives to colchicine. Pyrin, the protein that has a defect in FMF has an important role in the regulation of a molecule called interleukin (IL)-1 beta production and activity. This molecule is very important in the process of inflammation in FMF. Therefore we propose to use IL-1 Trap (Rilonacept), a medication that binds and neutralizes IL-1. We will enroll in this study 17 subjects from the age of 4 years, including adults with active FMF despite colchicine therapy. Subjects will receive in random order two 3-month courses of Rilonacept at 2. 2 mg/kg (maximum 160 mg) by weekly subcutaneous injection and two 3-month courses of placebo injection. If patients have at least two FMF attacks during a treatment course they will be able to get if they choose the other treatment until the end of that treatment course. Our hypothesis is that Rilonacept will decrease the number of acute FMF attacks and will be safe to use. This study may confirm the importance of IL-1 in the cause of FMF.

Funding source - FDA Office of Orphan Products Development

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase 2 Study of IL-1 Trap (Rilonacept) for Treatment of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

To Assess the Efficacy of Rilonacept in Decreasing the Number of Acute FMF Attacks.

To Determine if There is a Medically Important Difference Between the Safety Profiles of Rilonacept vs. Placebo.

Secondary outcome:

To Determine the Difference in the Length of Attacks During Treatment With Rilonacept vs. Placebo.

Percentage of Treatment Courses Without FMF Attacks in Rilonacept Courses as Compared to Placebo Courses.

To Determine the Proportion of Courses in Which Subjects Attained at Least a 50% Decrease in Acute FMF Attacks During Rilonacept Courses as Compared to Placebo Courses.

To Determine Differences in the Time to the Development of Attacks Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo).

To Determine the Differences in the Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo).

To Determine the Differences in C-Reactive Protein Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo)

To Determine the Differences in the Platelet Count Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo)

To Determine the Differences in the Fibrinogen Levels Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo)

To Determine the Differences in Serum Amyloid A Levels Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo)

To Determine the Differences in the Quality of Life Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo).

To Determine the Differences in the FMF Severity Score of the Subjects Between the Treatment Arms (Rilonacept vs. Placebo).

To Determine the Differences in the Proportion of Time Subjects Received Rilonacept vs Placebo

Detailed description: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory genetic disorder resulting in recurrent attacks of fever, serositis, arthritis and rash. Late complications of untreated FMF include the development of renal amyloidosis. FMF is a rare orphan disease in the United States. Treatment with colchicine is effective in reducing the frequency of episodes in most patients and the development of amyloidosis in nearly all patients. However, there are still 5-15% of patients who continue to have acute FMF attacks despite colchicine therapy or are intolerant of colchicine, usually from gastrointestinal adverse effects. Currently there are no effective alternatives to colchicine. Pyrin, the mutated protein in FMF has an important role in the regulation of IL-1 beta production and activity. Mutations in pyrin result in increased IL-1 beta levels in mice and humans. IL-1 beta is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine. Thus, we hypothesize that inhibition of IL-1 will decrease acute attacks in patients with FMF. We propose to use IL-1 Trap (Rilonacept), a fusion protein consisting of human IL-1 cytokine receptor extracellular domains and the FC portion of human IgG1 that binds and neutralizes IL-1. We will enroll 17 subjects from the age of 4 years, including adults, from multiple centers in the United States with active FMF (at least 1 attack per month) despite receiving at least 1. 2-1. 5 mg/d of colchicine (dose dependent on age) or are intolerant of colchicine. Subjects will be diagnosed by clinical criteria with at least one heterozygote mutation of the MEFV (pyrin) gene. After screening subjects will be monitored for a month to observe for acute FMF attacks or if they did not develop an attack in that month until they develop two attacks. We will then use a single-subject alternating treatments design with subjects receiving in random order two 3-month courses of Rilonacept at 2. 2 mg/kg (max 160 mg) by weekly SC injection and two 3-month courses of comparable volume placebo. Subjects will continue the usual colchicine dose they were on when they started the study. Subjects with 2 acute FMF attacks during a treatment course will be able to crossover to the other treatment arm until the end of that treatment course. There will be 10 study visits: 1. Screening. 2. Treatment baseline after one month or after subjects have developed FMF attacks as described above. After 1 month of each treatment course and at the end of each treatment course (overall 8 visits). At each visit subjects will return completed diary forms, used and unused drug, queried on adverse effects, undergo a physical examination and laboratory tests obtained for inflammation, safety and in some visits for translational studies. Subjects will also fill out quality of life questionnaires and give an overall estimation of the disease activity. Results will be analyzed by traditional frequency statistics (using an intent to treat analysis) and by Bayesian hierarchical modeling. Our primary aim is to assess the efficacy of Rilonacept in decreasing the number of acute FMF attacks while monitoring drug safety. The significance of the study includes short and long-term benefits. Fewer FMF attacks will result in less functional impairment and a higher quality of life in colchicine resistant or intolerant patients. Once weekly injections have the potential to improve treatment compliance. Fewer acute attacks of arthritis may prevent the development of chronic joint damage. In the long-term, better FMF control may prevent amyloidosis. This study may confirm the importance of IL-1 in the pathogenesis of FMF and provide support for an FDA filing for use of Rilonacept in FMF. The study design may serve as a template for trials of new biologic drugs for rare diseases.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 4 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subject has a definitive diagnosis of FMF as by the Tel-Hashomer clinical criteria

(long version of criteria) with at least one mutation on one of the MEFV gene alleles. However, subjects with an isolated heterozygous mutation of exon 2 of the MEFV gene (including E148Q) will not be eligible.

- Subject must have an estimated mean of at least one acute FMF attack per month before

and during the month of screening.

- Subject is at least four years of age (with no upper limit of age).

- Subjects must have received an adequate trial of colchicine defined as treatment of

at least 1. 5 mg/d for at least 3 months if ≥6 years old or 1. 2 mg/d if less than 6 years, or an inability to tolerate colchicine due to adverse effects in a dose that controls acute attacks in the frequency of less than one attack per month.

- If subject is being treated with anakinra at the time of consent, washout must be

done (about 3 days). Subject must experience 2 attacks before randomization visit can occur.

- If subject has been treated previously with anti-TNF drugs, appropriate washout must

be done. Etanercept must be discontinued for 4 weeks prior to randomization; Adalimumab and Infliximab must be discontinued for 8 weeks prior to randomization.

- If subject is a female of childbearing potential, she must agree to use adequate

contraception (adequate contraception can include abstinence) for the duration of the trial and 3 months after and must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test prior to administration of study medication.

- If subject is a male and has reached puberty, he must agree to use adequate

contraception or abstinence during the study and for 3 months after discontinuation from study.

- Subject's parent or legal guardian has provided written informed consent prior to

screening for this study or if subject is older than 18 years has provided informed consent him/herself.

- Subject, if applicable, has assented to participate prior to screening for this

study.

- Subject and, if applicable, parent/legal guardian, agree to comply with study

requirements and are able to come to the clinic for all required study visits. Exclusion Criteria:

- The subject has existing biopsy proven amyloidosis or proteinuria >0. 5 gram per day.

- The subject has another active inflammatory rheumatic disease.

- The subject has an active malignancy of any type, or history of a malignancy.

- The subject has active GI disease (e. g., inflammatory bowel disease), a chronic or

acute renal or hepatic disorder, or a significant coagulation defect.

- The subject has an AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) or BUN >2 x ULN or creatinine >1. 5 mg/dL or

any other laboratory abnormality considered by the examining physician to be clinically significant within 28 days before the Baseline visit.

- Current use of an anti-tumor necrosis factor drug.

- The subject has, in the investigator's opinion, a chronic condition (e. g., diabetes,

epilepsy) that is either not stable or well-controlled and may interfere with the conduct of the study.

- The subject has received any investigational medication within 30 days before the

first dose of study medication or is scheduled to receive an investigational drug, other than study medications described in this protocol, during the course of the study.

- The subject has chronic or active infection or any major episode of infection

requiring hospitalization or treatment with i. v. antibiotics within 30 days or oral antibiotics within 14 days prior to the screening evaluation.

- The subject has known positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status.

- The subject has known past or current hepatitis.

- The subject has received a live virus vaccine within 1 month prior to the baseline

visit.

- The subject has a positive PPD test.

- The subject is sexually active and not practicing effective birth control.

- The subject is pregnant or breast feeding a child.

- Any concurrent medical condition which would, in the investigator's opinion,

compromise the subject's ability to tolerate the study drug or would make the subject unable to cooperate with the protocol.

- History of/or current psychiatric illness that would interfere with ability to comply

with protocol requirements or give informed consent.

- Subject has a history of alcohol or drug abuse within the past 6 months that would

interfere with ability to comply with protocol requirements.

- Inability to comply with the study requirements for any reason.

Locations and Contacts

Children's Hospital Los Angeles/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90027, United States

Children's Hospital of Central California, Madera, California 93638, United States

NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States

NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New York 10003, United States

Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: August 2008
Last updated: February 5, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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