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A Randomized, Open-Label, Single-Dose, Small Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Hydromorphone in Patients With Short Term, Moderate to Severe Postoperative Pain

Information source: Alza Corporation, DE, USA
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Analgesia; Orthopedic Procedures; Pain, Postoperative

Intervention: OROS hydromorphone HCI (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Alza Corporation, DE, USA

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Alza Corporation Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Alza Corporation, DE, USA

Summary

The purpose of this small study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of OROS hydromorphone HCI for the treatment of short-term, moderate to severe postoperative pain following total knee replacement surgery.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized, Open-Label, Single-Dose, Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of OROS Hydromorphone in Patients With Acute, Moderate-to-Severe Postoperative Pain

Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Open Label, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study

Primary outcome: Variables measured included: Total number of doses/amount of rescue medication hydromorphone (immediate release) taken for breakthrough pain during 36 hours post OROS hydromorphone (slow release) administration

Secondary outcome: Variables measured included:Pain relief scores; Pain intensity scores;Patient's rating of sleep interference;global evaluation of analgesia; oxygen saturation; vital signs and adverse events

Detailed description: This was a multicenter, randomized (patients are assigned different treatments based on chance), open-label, single dose small study. During the 36 hour study period, concomitant analgesic (pain) medications and physical therapy were recorded in the patient's case report form. The study duration for each patient was 36 hours after a single dose of OROS hydromorphone HCI had been administered. After surgery, eligible patients had to tolerate liquids, swallow a tablet, and have audible bowel sounds. Before OROS hydromorphone HCI was administered, all analgesic medications were discontinued and patients with a pain score of 2(moderate pain) or 3 (severe pain) upon movement were eligible to enter the study and receive a single oral dose of OROS hydromorphone HCI. Patients had to have stable heart rates, blood pressure, respiration, oxygen saturation greater than or equal to 94% and patients who had undergone regional anesthesia had to have motor and sensory recovery from nerve blockade. Qualifying patients were given OROS hydromorphone HCI between 6 and 48 hours after completion of the surgical procedure. Patients were randomized into 3 groups (OROS hydromorphone HCI 8, 16, and 32 mg). The precise time of OROS hydromorphone HCI administration was considered time zero. To maintain consistency, dosing was to occur between 6 am and 2 pm, if possible. Following study drug administration, patients could be given rescue medication of oral hydromorphone immediate-release tablets (2 or 4 mg) for breakthrough pain as needed. Oxygen saturation, vital signs, pain relief ratings, and pain intensity ratings at rest and upon movement were obtained at 2-hour time intervals during the first 8 hours following study drug administration, and at 4 hour intervals from 8 to 36 hours following study drug administration. The study concluded 36 hours after dosing, at which time a global evaluation of pain relief was obtained from each patient.

One single dose of OROS hydromorphone HCI (8, 16, or 32 mg) administered orally at the beginning of the 36 hour study.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients undergoing primary, unilateral total knee replacement surgery where use of

opioid analgesics for short-term postoperative pain is required

- At baseline must be able to tolerate oral liquids, swallow a tablet, and have the

presence of bowel sounds upon examination

- Patients must demonstrate stable vital signs immediately before dosing with OROS

hydromorphone HCI

- At baseline pain intensity upon movement must be scored by the patient as 2 or 3

(moderate or severe) on the Pain Intensity Rating Scale

- At baseline patients receiving regional anesthetics/analgesics must demonstrate

recovery from the motor and sensory effects of the nerve blockade

- Patients must be administered OROS hydromorphone HCI between 6 and 48 hours following

completion of surgery

- Patients should expect to remain hospitalized for 36 hours after study drug

administration

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients either intolerant of hydromorphone or who have experienced an anaphylactic

IgE-mediated immune response (e. g. hives, wheezing, angioedema or bronchospasms) to any opioid agonist

- Patients having previously undergone the following major surgery for high tibial

osteotomy, knee arthroplasty to the affected knee

- Patients with any gastrointestinal disorder, including pre-existing severe GI

narrowing (pathologic or iatrogenic) that may affect the absorption or transit of orally administered drugs

- Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding. A negative pregnancy test is required

prior to administration of the study medication in females of childbearing potential

- Patients with significant CNS disorder, including but not limited to head injury,

intracranial lesion, increased intracranial pressure, seizure disorder, stroke within the past 6 months, and disorders of cognition

- Patients with clinically significant impaired renal, hepatic, or hematological

function

- Adrenocortical insufficiency

- Uncontrolled hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, or clinically significant urinary

obstruction

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information


Ending date: October 2001
Last updated: April 17, 2008

Page last updated: June 20, 2008

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