This is a single-blind study looking at the efficacy and satisfaction of Concerta
substitution in adult subjects with ADHD receiving immediate release methylphenidate.
Subjects will be administered a maximum dose of 1. 3mg/kg/day of either methylphenidate or
Concerta. The specific hypotheses of this study are:
Hypothesis 1: ADHD symptomatology in adults with DSM-IV, ADHD will continue to be controlled
in patients switched from MPH IR TID to Concerta.
Hypothesis 2: Patient satisfaction will not decrease in patients switched from MPH IR TID to
Concerta (ie., all patients will be equally or more satisfied on Concerta as compared with
MPH IR TID.
This study includes: 1) a six-week design to document the response rate 2) assessment of the
impact of either MPH IR or Concerta on functional capacities 3) careful assessment of safety
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: 55 Years.
1. Signed written informed consent to participate in the study.
2. Male and female outpatients older than 18 and younger than 55 years of age.
3. If female, non-pregnant, non-nursing with a negative urine pregnancy test and using
medically accepted means of birth control (abstinence, birth control pills, IUD,
barrier devices, or progesterone rods stabilized for at least three months) while in
4. Responders to methylphenidate IR on stable treatment (Stable treatment is defined as a
score on the NIMH CGI improvement scale of much or very improved (compared to
pre-treatment) from a period of 4 weeks on a stable dose of MPH IR TID).
5. Responders to methylphenidate IR on stable treatment who are satisfied with their
treatment (satisfaction with treatment is defined as a score of 1 or 2 on the
Treatment Satisfaction Rating scale from a period of 4 weeks on a stable dose of MPH
6. Responders to methylphenidate IR on stable treatment who tolerate their treatment
(toleration of treatment is defined as a score on the Tolerability Index of 0 or 1)
from a period of 4 weeks on a stable dose of MPH IR TID).
7. Mild cases of asthma and allergy.
8. Acid reflux syndrome.
10. Subjects with a past history of tics but tic free for > 1 year.
11. Subjects with past history of depression, anxiety disorder (including OCD) without
current disorder for > 6 months as ascertained through structured diagnostic interview
and clinical exam.
12. Subjects treated for anxiety disorders (including OCD), and depression who are on a
stable medication regimen for at least three months, and who have a disorder specific
CGI-severity score ≤ 3 (mildly ill) and who have a score on the Hamilton-Depression
and Hamilton-anxiety rating scale below 15 (mild range) will be included in the
13. Subjects receiving non-MAOI antidepressants (e. g., SSRI's, venlafaxine),
benzodiazepines, on a stable regimen for > 3 months for any of the conditions listed
1. Diagnosis of, or family history of Tourette's syndrome, or Autism.
2. History of seizures.
3. Subjects with history of tics in the past year.
4. Subjects with a known recent history (within the past six (6) months) of illicit drug
or alcohol dependence.
5. Any clinically unstable psychiatric conditions including the following: bipolar
disorder, acute psychosis, acute panic, acute OCD, acute mania, acute suicidality,
acute substance use disorders (alcohol or drugs), acute OCD, sociopathy, criminality
6. Subjects currently (within the past 4 weeks) receiving bupropion.
7. Any metabolic, neurological, hepatic, renal, cardiovascular, hematological, opthalmic,
or endocrine disease.
8. Clinically significant abnormal baseline laboratory values, which include the
- Values larger than 20% above the upper range of the laboratory standard of a
basic metabolic screen.
- Exclusionary blood pressure parameters will include any values above 140
(systolic) and 90 (diastolic).
- Exclusionary ECG parameters will include a QTC> 460msec, QRS>120 msec, and PR>200
msec. Any subject having ECG evidence of ischemia or arrhythmia as reviewed by
an independent cardiologist.
9. Organic brain disorders.
10. Mental impairment as evidenced by an I. Q. <70 as determined by an abbreviated version
of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales-Revised
(WAIS-III) and the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT-III).
11. Pregnancy or lactation.
13. Non English speaking subjects will not be allowed into the study for the following
reasons: a) the assessment instruments are not available and have not been adequately
standardized in other languages; b) our clinical trials facility is located in
Cambridge and not in the MGH main campus without the availability of translators; and
c) even if such translation services were to be available, the assessments in the
English language conducted by English speaking clinicians and raters with English
speaking subjects is already extremely time consuming lasting many hours making it
unfeasible, unrealistic, and of dubious clinical validity to conduct them with a
translator with non English speaking subjects; d) psychiatric questionnaires and
evaluations are taxing and adding the complexity of a translator has the potential to
make the patient experience even more exhausting.