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Does a Seven Day Treatment With Dipyridamole Induce Protection Against Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury?

Information source: Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury; Atherosclerosis

Intervention: dipyridamole (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Radboud University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
G Rongen, MD PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: RUNMC


This study is performed to determine whether a seven day treatment with dipyridamole (slow release, 200mg twice daily) can induce a protective effect against ischemia-reperfusion injury, after ischemic exercise of the non-dominant forearm in healthy volunteers.

Clinical Details

Official title: Does a Seven Day Treatment With Dipyridamole Induce Protection Against Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury?

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Percentage difference in radioactivity (counts/pixel) between experimental and control thenar muscle at 60 and 240 minutes after reperfusion.

Secondary outcome:

Plasma dipyridamole concentration

Workload (duration of exercise and developed force)

Heart rate (preceded by a 7day treatment of dipyridamol or placebo)

Detailed description: Rationale: Dipyridamole increases the endogenous adenosine level by inhibition of the nucleoside transporter (ENT-1). Activation of the adenosine receptor protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury (pharmacologic preconditioning). The purpose of this project is to explore whether a seven day treatment with dipyridamole can reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury in the forearm, in a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial. Study design: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial with a cross-over design. Study population: Healthy male volunteers, aged 18-50 yr Intervention: 10 Volunteers will be randomised to receive in a cross-over design either a 7 day treatment with dipyridamole (Persantin retard; 200 mg twice daily) or placebo followed by 10 minutes of ischemic isometric muscle contraction of the non-dominant forearm and upon reperfusion infusion of radiolabeled Annexin A5 (Annexin scintigraphy). Main study parameters/endpoints: Percentage difference in radioactivity (counts/pixel) between experimental and control thenar muscle at 60 and 240 minutes after reperfusion. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: This study will be executed at the Clinical Research Centre Nijmegen under close medical supervision. Treatment with dipyridamole is not expected to harm the volunteers. During the first days of treatment with dipyridamole, a headache may occur. Ischemic hand gripping will temporarily result in pain in the forearm. This is completely reversible upon reperfusion. Administration of radiolabeled Annexin A5 results in an effective dose of less than 5 mSv, well within the range of accepted exposure to radioactivity for human research. Participation in this research does not interfere with possible diagnostic or therapeutic procedures with X-rays of radioactivity in the future. Occurrence of an allergic reaction is theoretically possible upon administration of Annexin A5, however there have been no allergic reactions reported in all volunteers exposed to Annexin A5. The volunteers will not benefit directly from participating in this study.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Male.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Male

- age between 18-50yr.

Exclusion Criteria:

- cardiovascular disease

- hypertension (systole > 140 mmHg, diastole > 90 mmHg)

- hypercholesterolemia (fasting total cholesterol > 5. 5 mmol/l or not fasting total

cholesterol > 6. 5mmol/L)

- diabetes mellitus (fasting glucose > 7. 0 mmol/L or random glucose > 11. 0 mmol/L)

- asthma (recurrent episodes of dyspnea and wheezing, or usage of prescribed inhalation

medication: i. e. corticosteroids or B2-agonists)

- participation in any clinical trial during the last 60 days prior to this study.

- administration of any radioactivity for research purposes during the last 5 years

prior to this study.

- concomitant medication

Locations and Contacts

Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen 6500HB, Netherlands
Additional Information

Related publications:

Riksen NP, Oyen WJ, Ramakers BP, Van den Broek PH, Engbersen R, Boerman OC, Smits P, Rongen GA. Oral therapy with dipyridamole limits ischemia-reperfusion injury in humans. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jul;78(1):52-9.

Starting date: June 2007
Last updated: April 14, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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