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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Leukemia

Intervention: recombinant interferon alfa (Biological); amifostine trihydrate (Drug); bromodeoxyuridine (Drug); cytarabine (Drug); idarubicin (Drug); idoxuridine (Drug); isotretinoin (Drug); mitoxantrone hydrochloride (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Rush University Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Philip D. Bonomi, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Rush University Medical Center

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cell from growing. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug with biological therapy may kill more cancer cells. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy, isotretinoin, and interferon alfa in treating patients who have acute myelogenous leukemia.

Clinical Details

Official title: Treatment Protocol for Patients With Standard Risk Acute Myelogenous Leukemia and Its Variants: Induction Using High-Dose Cytarabine, Mitoxantrone and Ethyol; Consolidation With Cytarabine and Idarubicin and Maintenance With 13 Cis Retinoic Acid and Alpha Interferon

Study design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the efficacy of high dose cytarabine with mitoxantrone and amifostine as induction therapy for patients with previously untreated standard risk acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). II. Assess the effects of amifostine on the biology of AML cells in vivo in these patients. III. Determine whether there is a relationship between cytokine production before and during remission induction therapy and treatment outcome.

OUTLINE: Prior to treatment, patients undergo bone marrow aspirate and biopsy. On day - 3,

patients receive idoxuridine IV over 60 minutes followed immediately by a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy. Patients then receive amifostine IV over 5-7 minutes on the same day. Prior to chemotherapy on day 1, patient receive broxuridine IV over 60 minutes immediately followed by bone marrow aspirate and biopsy. Chemotherapy on day 1 consists of amifostine followed by cytarabine IV over 3 hours repeated every 12 hours and mitoxantrone IV over 1 hour immediately after the second infusion of cytarabine. This course is repeated on day 5 after another bone marrow biopsy and aspirate. Starting on day 6, patients receive amifostine 3 times a week until day 28 or beyond. Patients who respond to treatment continue on to receive three courses of consolidation therapy. Consolidation courses 1 and 3 consist of cytarabine continuous IV on days 1-7 and idarubicin IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 2, and 3. Consolidation course 2 consists of cytarabine IV over 75 minutes repeated every 12 hours for 4 days. Twenty-four hours after each course of consolidation therapy, patients receive isotretinoin orally every day and interferon alfa subcutaneously every other day. Isotretinoin and interferon alfa therapy are stopped 4 days prior to day 1 of the next course of consolidation therapy. Following recovery from course 3 of consolidation therapy, patients continue to receive isotretinoin/interferon alfa until relapse. Patients in complete remission after the 3 courses of consolidation therapy receive isotretinoin/interferon alfa for 3 years. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first year, then every 6 months for the next 2 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be 40-45 patients accrued into this study.

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed previously untreated acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) FAB M1, M2, M4, M5, M6, or M7 No AML secondary to chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or toxic agents No history of myelodysplastic syndromes If possible, patient should be enrolled on protocol RUSH-CYL-9003 PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 70 and under Performance status: 0-3 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin greater than 2. 0 mg/dL and no greater than 3. 0 mg/dL allowed with 50% reduction in drug doses Renal: Creatinine less than 3. 0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No overt congestive heart failure No uncontrollable ventricular arrhythmias No uncontrollable hypertension If cardiac ejection fraction is less than 45% of predicted, an echocardiogram and a cardiac consult must be obtained to ascertain cardiac tolerance of anthracycline therapy Neurological: No cerebellar dysfunction Other: Fever, infection, or other complications of disease allowed Not pregnant or nursing Effective contraception required of all fertile patients PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 2 weeks since prior interferon At least 2 weeks since prior hematopoietic growth factors (including erythropoietin) Chemotherapy: At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 2 weeks since prior steroids Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 2 weeks since prior retinoids

Locations and Contacts

Angelo P. Creticos, M.D. Cancer Center, Chicago, Illinois 60657, United States

Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois 60612-9985, United States

Rush Cancer Institute, Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States

Rush-Riverside Cancer Center, Kankakee, Illinois 60901, United States

Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: April 1998
Last updated: February 6, 2009

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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