Open-Label Trial Comparing Oxycodone Medications
Information source: University of Rochester
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on February 07, 2013
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Chronic Pain
Intervention: Extended Release Oxycodone (Drug); Immediate Release Oxycodone (Drug)
Phase: Phase 4
Sponsored by: University of Rochester
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Joel L Kent, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Rochester
The investigators hypothesize that subjects will have greater pain relief when taking
IR-oxycodone compared with ER-oxycodone for several reasons. The ability to take a varying
amount of medication at six different points over the course of a day will allow patients to
take as much (or as little) medication as they need to control their pain. In addition, the
ability to vary the medication doses in this way will give them a greater sense of control,
which will also contribute to greater pain relief. Similarly, the investigators predict that
patients will show greater benefits with IR-oxycodone on the measures of physical and
emotional functioning. Because there is relatively little data on sleep apnea in chronic
pain patients (Webster et al., 2008), these assessments are exploratory and not
hypothesis-based. Finally, although it is typically thought that the abuse liability of
IR-opioid medications is greater than for ER-medications, the data on which this belief are
based have not involved systematic studies of patients with chronic pain; the assessments of
abuse liability will therefore also be exploratory.
Official title: Open-Label Trial Comparing Oxycodone Medications for Effectiveness and Satisfaction (OUTCOMES)
Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Primary outcome: Numerical pain rating scale (NRS)
Brief Pain Inventory
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)
Patient Global Impression of Change
This study is a single-center, randomized, open-label, 13-week, 2-period crossover clinical
trial. Subjects will complete each of the following (unless they withdraw from the trial):
(1) a one-week baseline period during which the subject completes pain diaries and remains
on stable dosages of their existing pain medications; (2) immediate-release (IR) oxycodone 5
mg 3-4 pills every four hours; (3) extended-release (ER) oxycodone 40 mg 1 pill every 12
hours and IR-oxycodone 5 mg 1-2 pills every six hours. Subjects will be randomized to one of
two treatment sequences (ER-oxycodone first then IR-oxycodone or vice verse). It is expected
that this trial will take approximately 2 years to complete.
Crossover periods. Each of the two treatment periods will be 6 weeks in duration, which will
allow ample time to assess pain relief, adverse effects, treatment satisfaction, and impact
of treatment on health-related quality of life. There will be no need for a titration period
at the beginning of either period or for a washout period before the second period because
oxycodone at the same dosages will be administered in both periods. At each visit, subjects
will be given sufficient medication to sustain them until at least the following visit.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: 80 Years.
1. Be at least 18 years old.
2. Be able to read and understand English.
3. Have a diagnosed chronic pain condition with pain every day or most days for the
previous 6 months.
4. Be receiving the equivalent of no more than 40-120 mg daily of an opioid analgesic
that can be safely converted to oxycodone; this dosage includes all use of opioid
analgesics, including for "rescue" and for "breakthrough" pain.
5. Have an average daily pain rating for the baseline week of pain ratings equal to 4. 0
or greater on a 0-10 numerical pain rating scale (NRS) of average pain intensity in
the past 24 hours.
6. Have completed at least 6 of the 7 daily diaries during the baseline week.
7. Have at least 5 baseline week pain diary ratings equal to 3 or greater on the 0-10
NRS, with no more than one rating of 9 and no ratings of 10.
8. Have stable concomitant use of all pain-related medications for 8 weeks prior to
screening and being willing to continue stable use of these medications for the
duration of the trial.
9. Have the ability to either independently or with an accompanying person come to the
research center for study visits.
1. Treatment of their chronic pain with nerve blocks or any other interventional
procedure within the past 8 weeks.
2. A Beck Depression Inventory score < 27 at baseline or clinically significant
depression or dementia that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with a
subjects' adherence to the study protocol and/or the accurate and consistent
reporting of pain.
3. History of suicide attempt within the past 2 years or current suicide plan or intent.
4. History of excessive alcohol use or any illicit drug use within the past 2 years.
5. Lack of adequate birth control in pre-menopausal women of child-bearing age and/or a
positive urine pregnancy test, which will be performed on all women except those > 2
years post-menopausal or who have had a hysterectomy).
6. History of malignancy within the past five years with the exception of successfully
treated non-metastatic basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin.
Locations and Contacts
University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, United States; Recruiting
Joel L Kent, MD, Phone: 585-242-1300, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Janet A Vaughan, NP, Phone: 5852732445, Email: email@example.com
Joel L Kent, MD, Principal Investigator
Starting date: March 2010
Last updated: October 11, 2012