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Reducing Total Cardiovascular Risk in an Urban Community

Information source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on February 12, 2009
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cardiovascular Diseases; Heart Diseases; Coronary Disease; Diabetes Mellitus; Atherosclerosis; Cerebral Arteriosclerosis; Hypertension

Intervention: Lifestyle Changes (Behavioral); Antiplatelet Agents (Drug); Beta Blocker (Drug); ACE Inhibitors (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jerilyn Allen, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing

Summary

PLEASE NOTE: THIS STUDY IS ONLY ENROLLING PATIENTS CURRENTLY BEING TREATED AT BELAIR-EDISON FAMILY HEALTH CENTER.

The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of

two cardiovascular risk reduction programs - a comprehensive intensive (Cl) intervention with

a less intensive (LI) intervention - in African American, and white low-income patients with

known excessive cardiovascular disease risk.

Clinical Details

Official title: Reducing Total Cardiovascular Risk in an Urban Community

Study design: Prevention, Randomized, Open Label, Parallel Assignment

Primary outcome:

LDL-C

Blood pressure

HbA1c, if diabetic

Physical activity

Smoking cessation or reduction, if current tobacco smoker

Prescribed antiplatelet agents/anticoagulants, if coronary artery disease patient

Prescribed β- Blockers, if coronary artery disease patient

Prescribed ACE inhibitors, if post myocardial infarction patient

Secondary outcome: Patients' satisfaction with care and health care utilization

Detailed description: BACKGROUND:

The study is based on the premise that a community-based participatory research partnership model, using a team of an advanced practice nurse case manager, community health worker (CHW), and physician can be translated into urban community clinics and improve the quality of care and reduce disparities in cardiovascular health in minority and other underserved populations. Despite well-publicized guidelines on the appropriate management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes, implementation of CVD risk-reducing practices remains poor. In spite of the known benefit of lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels below 100 mg/dl in persons with existing heart disease, as many as 50 to 70 percent of eligible CVD patients are not placed on lipid-lowering therapy by their providers and from 20 to 80 percent of patients do not achieve the goals of therapy. The benefits of controlling high blood pressure (HBP) are well established, yet national rates of HBP control remain at only 31 percent despite decades of provider and patient education. In addition, it is well established that control of glycemia, hyperlipidemia, and blood pressure reduce the risk of vascular complications in people with diabetes, 75 percent of whom die from some form of heart or blood vessel disease. This randomized trial will compare the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a CI intervention with a LI intervention in African American, and white low-income patients with known excessive CVD risk.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Eligible patients with CVD or type 2 diabetes will be randomly selected from two urban federally funded community clinics and randomly assigned to receive either 1) a Cl intervention delivered by a nurse practitioner, a CHW, and the patient's physician, focusing on behavioral interventions to affect therapeutic lifestyle changes and medication adherence as well as the prescription and titration of medications or 2) a LI intervention providing feedback on CVD risk factors and guidelines to patients and their physicians. Outcomes will be measured at baseline and one and two years. It is hypothesized that a higher proportion of patients in the Cl intervention group will achieve the treatment goals for lipid, blood pressure, and diabetes management, lifestyle behaviors and utilization of antiplatelet agent, beta blocker, and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapies and that the Cl intervention will be cost-effective. Secondary outcomes include assessment of the impact of the Cl intervention model on patients' satisfaction with care and health care utilization. The increase in the percentage of high-risk women and men who receive recommended secondary prevention therapies and achieve goal levels could potentially result in a marked decrement in annual CVD mortality and health disparities if applied within primary care settings to populations with the characteristics of the target groups for this study.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 21 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Currently receiving medical care at Johns Hopkins University

- African American or Caucasian and have diagnosed CVD, defined as a prior myocardial

infarction, revascularization procedure for coronary disease, ischemic heart disease, stroke, or have diagnosed type 2 diabetes and not receiving any therapy

- Have either no LDL-C in their medical record during the 12 months prior to study entry

or have an LDL greater than or equal to 100 mg/dl on or off lipid lowering pharmacotherapy

- Have either no blood pressure recorded in their medical record during the 12 months

prior to study entry or a BP greater than 140/90 mmHg or greater than 130/80 mmHg if the participant is diabetic or has renal insufficiency

- If the participant is diabetic he or she has to either have no HbA1c recorded during

the 12 months prior to study entry or HbA1c of 7 percent or greater

Exclusion criteria:

- A serious life-threatening noncardiac comorbidity with a life expectancy of less than

5 years

- A serious physician-recorded psychiatric morbidity that would interfere with the

study

- Sufficient neurological impairment that would interfere with the study

Locations and Contacts

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, United States; Recruiting
Carol Curtis, Phone: 410-614-6077
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2006
Ending date: May 2010
Last updated: February 11, 2009

Page last updated: February 12, 2009

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