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Study to Evaluate the Safety of Kedbumin 25% Versus Normal Saline in the Treatment of Post-Surgical Hypovolemia in Pediatric Patients

Information source: Kedrion S.p.A.
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 27, 2014
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hypovolemia

Intervention: Kedbumin 25% (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Kedrion S.p.A.

Overall contact:
Sue Bhadare, Phone: 540-428-2828, Email: clintrialsregistration@crofessionals.com

Summary

This is a randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial to be conducted at approximately 12 surgical and pediatric intensive care units (SICU/NICU/PICU) in the US, over a period of 22 months, with 6 months for trial set-up, 12 months of simultaneous subject enrollment and 30 days of treatment/follow-up period, and 3 months for study close-out. The study population will consist of at least 60 male and female pediatric subjects between 0 days and 12 years of age, undergoing cardiac, abdominal, orthopedic or transplant surgery with an approximately equal number of subjects (n=10 to 25) in three of the four age groups: (29 days to 23 months), (2 to 5 years 11 months) and (6 years to 12 years) cohorts. Regarding the youngest age group of 0 to 28 days, the minimum number of patients to be enrolled in the study will not be predefined as very a small number of elective surgical procedures is expected in this population. Safety concerns and eventual safety signals, as well as recruitment rate, will be monitored annually (starting from the enrollment of the 60th subject) by an independent Safety Monitoring Board (SMB), which will be appointed prior to study initiation and submitted to the FDA. The responsibilities of the SMB will be defined in ad hoc document, in which the threshold for acceptable safety will also be set. During the conduct of the study on the first 60 patients, if there is any safety signal linked to the primary safety endpoint (i. e. pulmonary fluid overload) or imbalance in the incidence of AEs between the treatment and control groups or based on relevant literature, as judged by the SMB, the enrolment will be increased to 100 patients using the same age stratification approach defined above (n=20 to 30 in each age group). Potential subjects will be pre-screened and informed consent/assent will be obtained from the subject and/or subject's parents or guardians prior to surgery. Post-surgery, the subject will be admitted to the Surgical, Neonatal, or Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (SICU/NICU/PICU) for postoperative recovery and care management. Subjects who show signs of hypovolemia as judged by the Principal Investigator (PI) will be screened to determine their eligibility to participate in this trial. Subjects will then be randomized to receive treatment with Kedbumin 25% or the comparator, normal saline (sodium chloride 0. 9%). There is no specific post-treatment regimen for this protocol, as all subjects will receive the standard post-operative care based on their clinical status and response to treatment at the discretion of the Investigator. Vital signs and fluid management/replacement therapy recorded in the medical chart and results of standard complete blood count (CBC), biochemistry, and hematology and coagulation lab panels will be reviewed and recorded by research staff at specified time points, according to the hospital standard of care. Additionally, research staff will review and record daily lactate, urine albumin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and non-invasive measurements at the following time points: Baseline, 6hr, 12hr, 24hr, 36hr, 48hr, and 72hr post-onset of hypovolemia), until hemodynamic stability is achieved. Hemodynamic stability will be evaluated based on site-specific age-defined reference ranges for heart rate, blood pressure, urine output, and cardiac index in children. The volume, rate and frequency of the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP, either Kedbumin 25% or normal saline) administered will be recorded in addition to the type, timing, and amount of all other fluids administered. The time to hemodynamic stability, duration of stability once attained, and any relapse requiring additional treatment or use of secondary resuscitation strategies will be recorded. Subjects who demonstrate hemodynamic stability within 3 days after treatment initiation and then relapse into hemodynamic instability as a result of surgical complications or infection will exit from the study, but the data be considered for the safety analysis. These subjects should continue treatment according the clinical practice standard since the study is not intended to evaluate the efficacy of Kedbumin 25%.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Prospective, Randomized, Multi-Center, Controlled, Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety of Kedbumin 25% Compared to Normal Saline Solution in the Treatment of Post-Surgical Hypovolemia in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Major Elective Surgery.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Incidence, Severity, and Seriousness of Fluid Overload and Edema (Pulmonary Portal or Systemic) and/or Other Complications Secondary to Fluid Resuscitation with Kedbumin 25% Compared to Normal Saline.

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 12 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male or female aged 0 days to 12 years, inclusive:

- (0 to 28 days)

- (29 days to 23 months)

- (2 to 5 years 11 months)

- (6 to 12 years)

2. Subjects undergoing elective cardiac, abdominal, orthopedic, or transplant surgery. 3. Subjects with a clinical diagnosis of hypovolemia, as judged by the Investigator. 4. Admitted to ICU for post-operative recovery and care, in relatively stable condition. 5. Subject agrees to comply with the requirements of the protocol. 6. Subject, parent or guardian has signed an informed consent form (ICF) and a child assent form if appropriate. 7. Subject, parent or guardian has signed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Intra-operative blood loss > 40 mL/kg. 2. Severe hypoalbuminemia with serum albumin levels < 1g/dL 3. Known intolerance or allergy to albumin and/or plasma proteins. 4. Preterm neonates. 5. Burn and trauma patients. 6. Renal surgery. 7. Cranial surgery, trauma and/or central nervous system (CNS) damage. 8. Chronic renal insufficiency or acute renal failure (creatinine > 1. 5 of normal value or based on age-appropriate renal function parameters). 9. Subjects with hypernatremia, defined as a Na level of ≥ 155 mEq/L. 10. Severe congestive heart failure (CHF) using one of the following classification systems: Ross Heart Failure Classification, modified Ross Heart Failure Classification, or New York University Pediatric Heart Failure Index (NYU PHFI). 11. Any concurrent medical, surgical or psychiatric condition that may, in the Investigator's opinion, affect the subject's ability to meet the protocol requirements. 12. Subject has participated in another clinical study within 30 days prior to study enrollment.

Locations and Contacts

Sue Bhadare, Phone: 540-428-2828, Email: clintrialsregistration@crofessionals.com

Additional Information

Starting date: September 2012
Last updated: February 10, 2012

Page last updated: November 27, 2014

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