Efficacy and Safety of a Sunscreen Against Porfimer Sodium-induced Phototoxicity to Visible Light
Information source: Pinnacle Biologics Inc.
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on February 07, 2013
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: High-grade Dysplasia in Barrett Esophagus; Non Small Cell Lung Cancer; Esophageal Cancer
Intervention: Solar Protection Formula SPF® 60 (Drug); Photobiological testing (Procedure); Blood collection (Procedure)
Phase: Phase 2
Status: Not yet recruiting
Sponsored by: Pinnacle Biologics Inc.
Michelle Depot, Ph.D., Phone: 514-971-9855, Email: email@example.com
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a combination of a drug, porfimer sodium, and a light from a
non heated laser. The activation of the drug is done by illuminating abnormal areas using a
fiber optic device. The fiber optic device is a very fine fiber (like fishing line) that
permits transmission of light. By itself, porfimer sodium is inactive. However it becomes
active when it is put in the presence of a light source such as sunlight, very intense
indoor light, or laser. Therefore, the main risk with this therapy is that the skin will be
more sensitive to light, and this sensibility can last up to 90 days. The skin reaction is
similar to sunburn and is called phototoxicity.
To date, no product on the market has shown protection against visible light, and therefore,
no product has been demonstrated to protect against the skin phototoxicity to visible light.
A sunscreen sold under the brand name Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60 in the United States
contains ingredients that provide maximum ultraviolet (UV) protection, as well as a
formulation that could provide visible light protection. The product could potentially
prevent the skin phototoxicity due to visible light, the most frequently reported side
effect in patients receiving PDT with porfimer sodium. Therefore, this study is designed to
assess the efficacy of topical application of Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60 as skin
protector against visible light-induced skin redness and swelling following injection of
porfimer sodium. It will involve 17 human subjects in the United States for whom PDT with
porfimer sodium is planned for the treatment of high-grade dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus
[(pre-cancerous change in the food pipe tissue), HGD in BE], lung cancer, or cancer of the
esophagus (food pipe).
Official title: Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Partially Blinded, Skin Photobiological Clinical Study of the Efficacy and Safety of a Sunscreen Product as Skin Protector Against Porfimer Sodium-induced Phototoxicity to Visible Light
Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Primary outcome: Skin erythema responses of control (unprotected) and Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60-protected sites to light exposure
Skin erythema responses of control (unprotected) and Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60-protected sites to light exposure
Skin edema responses of control (unprotected) and Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60-protected sites to light exposure
Skin phototoxicity responses of control (unprotected) and Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60-protected sites to light exposure
Proportion of subjects with adverse events as a measure of safety
Human subjects with planned PDT course will be evaluated to confirm eligibility. Prior to
enrollment, all inclusion and exclusion criteria will be verified. Medical procedures
including demographic information (age, sex, race, smoking and drinking habits),
medical/surgical history, physical exam (including vital signs, body weight, height, and
skin color), clinical laboratory testing, concomitant medication intake and other therapy
uses will be collected. The study procedures will begin after the intravenous injection of
Skin photobiological testing will consist of four 2-day periods performed over three months
after the injection of porfimer sodium at a dose of 2 mg/kg of body weight. Each period
will include a Skin Illumination session and a Skin Evaluation session. During the Skin
Illumination session, the Solar Protection Formula® SPF 60 will be randomly applied at a
dose of 2 mg/cm² on a skin subunit area of the back 30 minutes before illumination. A
second skin subunit will be used as a "no-treatment" observational area. Therefore, each
subject will be her/his own control. Illumination will be performed using a visible light
source. During the Skin Evaluation session, skin reactions will be scored by an outcome
assessor 24 hours after illumination according to a pre-determined rating scale. The
outcome assessor will be blinded to the active treatment sequence applications. All subjects
will be followed for three months.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- Subjects are males or females aged 18 or older.
- Subjects scheduled to undergo PDT with porfimer sodium for an approved indication.
- Fair-skin human subjects with skin types I or II (blond or red hair, freckles, blue
or green eyes) according to Fitzpatrick Classification.
- Subjects must be entirely free of any vitamin A, provitamin A, beta-carotene
supplements, or photosensitizing agents, taken orally or topically applied on the
back area to be used for the skin photobiological testing procedures, for at least 30
days prior to the injection of porfimer sodium.
- Non-menopausal or non-sterile female subjects of childbearing potential must have a
negative serum beta-HCG at the time of entry into the study.
- Non-menopausal or non-surgically sterilized female subjects of childbearing potential
must use a medically acceptable form of birth control.
- Subjects must sign an Informed Consent Form, which must comply with the International
Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidelines and local requirements.
- Subjects who have received PDT during the six months prior to the date of the
informed consent signature.
- Subjects who would likely need a second PDT course within 90 days.
- Subjects with clinically significant skin disorders, particularly in the back areas
to be used for the skin photobiological testing procedures.
- Subjects with intensive pigmented skin, pre-existing redness, or significant growth
of hair in the back area to be used for the skin photobiological testing procedures.
- Subjects with a presence or history of skin neoplasms.
- Subjects with jaundice or porphyria cutanea tarda.
- Subjects with frequent manifestations of vasomotor instability with flushing.
- Subjects suffering from end-stage malignancy.
- Known porphyria or hypersensitivity to sunlight or intense artificial light.
- Known contraindications or hypersensitivity/allergy to excipients contained in the
- Subjects with severe acute respiratory distress caused by an obstructing
- Subjects with a presence or history of neoplasms (treated during the last five years
prior to study entry) other than carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
- Subjects with esophageal or gastric varices.
- Subjects with severe renal or hepatic impairment.
- Subjects with tracheoesophageal or bronchoesophageal fistula.
- Subjects with tumors eroding into a major blood vessel.
- Known contraindications or hypersensitivity/allergy to porfimer sodium.
- Subjects with esophageal ulcers > 1 cm in diameter.
- Female subjects who intend to become pregnant or intend to breast-feed during this
- Subjects unable to attend all visits required for the skin photobiological testing
- Subjects who have been treated with any investigational drug during 60 days prior to
the date of the informed consent signature.
Locations and Contacts
Michelle Depot, Ph.D., Phone: 514-971-9855, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
St-Mary's Hospital (Mayo Clinic), Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States; Not yet recruiting
Lori Lutzke, CCRP, Phone: 507-255-7495, Email: email@example.com
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States; Not yet recruiting
Starting date: July 2012
Last updated: May 7, 2012