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Safety Study of Nicardipine to Treat Cerebral Vasospasm

Information source: University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cerebral Vasospasm

Intervention: Nicardipine hydrochloride (Drug); Preservative-free normal saline (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: University of Florida

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Spiros L. Blackburn, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Florida

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if intrathecal nicardipine is safe for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm.

Clinical Details

Official title: Intraventricular Nicardipine for the Treatment of Cerebral Vasospasm: Prospective Pilot Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of Participants With Bacterial Meningitis.

Secondary outcome: Number of Participants With Cerebral Vasospasm.

Detailed description: Subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for approximately 5% of all strokes and affects 30,000 Americans per year. Poor outcome from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurs in 50 to 75% of patients, and this is attributed to secondary ischemia in approximately 30% of patients. This delayed cerebral ischemia has been attributed to the anatomic narrowing of arteries in the cerebral vasculature which occurs following SAH. Because of this relationship between cerebral vasospasm, cerebral ischemia, and poor outcome, there has been significant effort to establish treatments that decrease the incidence of vasospasm after SAH. Currently, medications and hemodynamic maneuvers are used as standard of care for the treatment of vasospasm and to improve outcome after SAH. The calcium channel blocker, nimodipine, is one of the few treatments for vasospasm that has been shown to be of proven benefit. Nicardipine is another calcium channel blocker that has been evaluated in several studies via an intravenous administration route. These studies did show significant improvements in symptomatic and angiographic vasospasm, although a benefit in outcome was not seen. However, the intravenous administration of nicardipine was associated with significant systemic side effects that may have affected outcome including hypotension, pulmonary edema, and azotemia. The administration of nicardipine via an intrathecal route avoids the systemic complications associated with intravenous dosing since the direct cerebrospinal fluid dosing is much lower. The result is that the systemic concentration will remain low avoiding systemic side effects, and central nervous system concentration will remain high. We propose that this difference may improve outcomes while minimizing complication related effects on patient outcomes.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female 18 years of age and older

- Subarachnoid hemorrhage documented on head CT

- Fisher Grade 3 or 4

- Hunt Hess Grade 1-5

- Cerebral aneurysm as definitive source of subarachnoid hemorrhage

- Cerebral aneurysm must be treated via open or endovascular techniques

- Presence of external ventricular drain

- Written informed consent obtained from subject or subject's legally authorized

representative Exclusion Criteria:

- Absence or inability to have an external ventricular drain (coagulopathy)

- Non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (perimesencephalic)

- Untreated cerebral aneurysm

- Inability to be randomized prior to post-hemorrhage day 4

- Elevated intra-cranial pressures that would preclude external ventricular drain

clamping for 30-60 minutes

- Inability to administer study medication (severe intra-ventricular hemorrhage,

occluded external ventricular drain)

- Inability to obtain angiography (coagulopathy, renal failure)

- Pregnant

- Presence of a condition or abnormality that in the opinion of the Investigator would

compromise the safety of the patient or the quality of the data

Locations and Contacts

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2013
Last updated: August 18, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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