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Genetic Response to Warfarin in Healthy Subjects

Information source: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy

Intervention: Warfarin (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jonathan L Halperin, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai


The purpose of this study is to determine the importance of genetic differences on individuals' response to warfarin in a group of healthy subjects. Warfarin is also known by the "trade name" Coumadin and is in a class of medications called anticoagulants or "blood thinners." Warfarin works by reducing the blood's ability to make clots. It is used to stop blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. Warfarin is prescribed for many conditions, including for people with certain types of irregular heartbeat, people with replacement or mechanical heart valves, people who have suffered a heart attack, people who have had orthopedic surgery, or who have a history of having blood clots. Warfarin is used to prevent or treat deep vein thrombosis (swelling and blood clot in a vein), pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lung), and strokes (a blood clot in the brain). Researchers have found that certain genes may affect how a person's body will break down or react to warfarin. If genetic information can help doctors better determine the best dose of warfarin before it is first given, this may help the doctors get patients to the correct levels of blood thinning and thereby reduce the risk of bleeding or the risk of developing a blood clot. The expectation of this study is that this information will ultimately improve warfarin therapy while lessening the risks associated with dosing errors. This study is considered investigational because the subjects are healthy and not being prescribed warfarin for clinical care.

Clinical Details

Official title: Quantitative Pharmacogenomics of the Anticoagulant Response to Warfarin in Healthy Subjects

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome:

Median Cumulative Therapeutic Warfarin Dose (Milligrams)Requirements by Genotype

Median Cumulative Warfarin Dose Requirement by Genotype Category (CYP2C9 and VKORC1 -1639 G>A Combination)

Secondary outcome:

Median Cumulative Warfarin Dose Requirements by CYP4F2 Genotype Status

Explained Variation in Combined Therapeutic Warfarin Dose Models

Detailed description: Warfarin is a highly effective oral anticoagulant that is increasingly prescribed in the United States. It has a narrow therapeutic window, however, that represents an inherent limitation, such that insufficient and excessive levels of anticoagulation are associated with elevated risks of thrombosis and bleeding particularly frequent early in the initial dose-finding phase of therapy. Typically, anticoagulation is achieved through empiric dosing and titration with consideration of certain variables and frequent assessment of the international normalized ratio (INR). Despite these precautions, conventional dosing strategies are associated with therapeutic levels of anticoagulation only about half the time on treatment. Recently, genetic variants, specifically variations in the CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genes, have been identified that affect warfarin dose requirements, prompting the expectation that gene-based dosing strategies may maximize therapeutic efficacy while minimizing the risks associated with dosing errors. While the association between variation in these genes and differences in warfarin dose requirements has been identified, the specific contribution of allelic variation to the response to warfarin administration has not been thoroughly identified. The investigators therefore seek to assess the impact of allelic variation on warfarin dose-response relationships in a group of healthy subjects. The investigators hypothesize that genetic variation in the CYP2C9 and VKORC1 enzymes will result in differences in the warfarin dose-response relationships when accounting for non-genetic factors that can affect the pharmacokinetics of warfarin and its effect on coagulation.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 74 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy adult (> 18 years old.) subjects not taking warfarin

- Willing and able to grant written informed consent

- Available in proximity to the Medical Center for the anticipated duration of data

collection (approximately 3 weeks).

- Pre-menopausal women required negative pregnancy test at study onset and willingness

to abstain from sexual activity or use barrier contraception; oral contraceptives interfere with coumadin. Exclusion Criteria:

- Daily prescribed medications including (1) a medication known to interact with

warfarin, based on interactions listed in Micromedex as moderate or severe, and probable or definite (as of study start date, Appendix A) (2) aspirin or clopidogrel, which may increase bleeding risk in combination with warfarin.

- Recent therapy (within two weeks) with a medication known to interact with warfarin

based on medication interactions listed in Micromedex

- History of thrombotic disorder requiring anticoagulant therapy

- Thrombophilia or coagulopathy, by history or screening coagulation profile with INR

or PTT level > 2x the upper limit of normal

- Family history of thrombophilia or coagulopathy; prisoners or wards of the state;

scheduled elective surgery within one month

- Active liver disease based on clinical history or serum transaminase levels > 2x the

upper limit of normal

- Protein C or S Deficiency assessed on screening protein C and S activity profile

- Age ≥ 75

- Pre-menopausal women on oral contraception

- Non-English speaking individuals

Locations and Contacts

Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, United States
Additional Information

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Starting date: June 2009
Last updated: February 6, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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