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The Impact of Pain Scores on Intrauterine Lidocaine Versus Normal Saline Infusion at the Time of IUD Placement

Information source: Women's Health Care Clinic, Torrance, California
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Pain

Intervention: Lidocaine (Drug); Normal Saline (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Women's Health Care Clinic, Torrance, California

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Anita L Nelson, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Women's Health Care Clinic


The study hypothesis is that infusion of 2% lidocaine at the time of IUD placement will reduce pain scores related to that procedure. In a double blinded randomized trial of 60 women receiving either normal saline or lidocaine infused through an endometrial aspirator, pain scores will be obtained for each step of the IUD placement procedure and for the total experience.

Clinical Details

Official title: Double Blind, Randomized, Prospective Trial of Impact of Pain Scores on Intrauterine Lidocaine vs Normal Saline Infusion Before IUD Placement.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Pain Scores During Overall IUD Placement

Pain During Tenaculum Placement

Pain Measurement During Liquid Infusion/Sounding

Pain During IUD Placement

Detailed description: IUDs are the most frequently used method of reversible birth control. The placement procedure is straightforward, but can cause the women cramping and pain. Every woman is advised to take Ibuprofen or acetaminophen prior to her appointment. Gentle techniques and distraction are used to minimize discomfort. However, some women still have measurable pain during and immediately after the procedure. Investigators have shown that infusion of 5cc of a 2% concentration of liquid lidocaine into the inside of the uterus can reduce the pain that is associated with other procedures, such as biopsies done of the lining of the uterus. The investigators seek to determine if a similar infusion made before IUD placement may reduce pain. Because pain is a subjective complaint and because plastic tubing is being used to sound the uterus instead of the usual metal probe (a uterine sound), the investigators have included a placebo arm with saline infusion. All women will receive oral medication in advance of IUD placement, so no woman will be subject to placebo only. Those women undergoing routine screening for IUD candidacy will be approached. Medical and social history and routine laboratory testing are to be done. The risks, benefits, and side effects of IUD placement will be explained. They will sign consent forms for the IUD from both the manufacturer and the clinic before evaluation for possible inclusion in this study. Informed consent for the study will be obtained either at that visit or on the day of the IUD placement. All the routine IUD placement steps will be done and she will rate the pain score. A standardized pain scale from 1-10, with 10 being the worst pain in the patient's lifetime, will be used here and at every point in the study. Depth of the uterus will be determined by introducing a plastic tubing into the woman's uterus. This tubing will either be filled with 1. 3cc of normal saline or 2% lidocaine. The liquid will be infused at certain points within the cervix and uterus. She will again be asked to rate her pain score for that procedure. The tubing will be removed and the IUD will be placed. After the IUD is in the correct position, but before removal of the tenaculum, she will again be asked to rate her pain score for that procedure. After the IUD placement procedure is complete and the patient is dressed, she will be asked to assign an overall pain score. Pain scores between placebo and study drug used will be compared (mean, median and range). Fisher T tests will be performed to determine statistical significance with the p< 0. 05 as a cutoff. Sub-analysis will be done comparing scores of which women who have never been pregnant to those who have. If possible, comparisons of pain scores will be made for women who have had vaginal deliveries compared to those who delivered by C-section. The risks to the patient for this study intervention are minimal.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Women eligible for IUD insertion

- Willing to give consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Allergy to lidocaine

- Contraindications to IUD use

Locations and Contacts

Women's Health Care Clinic, Torrance, California 90502, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Dogan E, Celiloglu M, Sarihan E, Demir A. Anesthetic effect of intrauterine lidocaine plus naproxen sodium in endometrial biopsy. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Feb;103(2):347-51.

Trolice MP, Fishburne C Jr, McGrady S. Anesthetic efficacy of intrauterine lidocaine for endometrial biopsy: a randomized double-masked trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Mar;95(3):345-7.

Gupta N, Ghosh B, Mittal S. Comparison of oral naproxen and intrauterine lignocaine instillation for pain relief during hysterosalpingography. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008 Sep;102(3):284-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.04.013. Epub 2008 Jul 7.

Lau WC, Tam WH, Lo WK, Yuen PM. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial of transcervical intrauterine local anaesthesia in outpatient hysteroscopy. BJOG. 2000 May;107(5):610-3.

Guney M, Oral B, Bayhan G, Mungan T. Intrauterine lidocaine infusion for pain relief during saline solution infusion sonohysterography: a randomized, controlled trial. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2007 May-Jun;14(3):304-10.

Edelman A, Nichols MD, Leclair C, Jensen JT. Four percent intrauterine lidocaine infusion for pain management in first-trimester abortions. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Feb;107(2 Pt 1):269-75.

Hui SK, Lee L, Ong C, Yu V, Ho LC. Intrauterine lignocaine as an anaesthetic during endometrial sampling: a randomised double-blind controlled trial. BJOG. 2006 Jan;113(1):53-7.

Edelman A, Nichols MD, Leclair C, Astley S, Shy K, Jensen JT. Intrauterine lidocaine infusion for pain management in first-trimester abortions. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jun;103(6):1267-72.

Frishman GN, Spencer PK, Weitzen S, Plosker S, Shafi F. The use of intrauterine lidocaine to minimize pain during hysterosalpingography: a randomized trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jun;103(6):1261-6.

Costello MF, Horrowitz S, Steigrad S, Saif N, Bennett M, Ekangaki A. Transcervical intrauterine topical local anesthetic at hysterosalpingography: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fertil Steril. 2002 Nov;78(5):1116-22.

G├╝ney M, Oral B, Mungan T. Efficacy of intrauterine lidocaine for removal of a "lost" intrauterine device: a randomized, controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jul;108(1):119-23.

Starting date: July 2008
Last updated: December 17, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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