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Erlotinib, Celecoxib and Reirradiation for Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer

Information source: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cancer of the Pharynx; Cancer of the Larynx; Cancer of the Neck; Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms; Cancer of the Head

Intervention: erlotinib + celecoxib (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Johnny Kao, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Overall contact:
Johnny Kao, M.D., Phone: 212-241-7503, Email: Johnny.kao@mountsinai.org

Summary

There is no optimal treatment for patients with recurrent head and neck cancer after previous radiation. Chemotherapy alone is not curative and patients survive an average of only 6 to 10 months. Surgery is not always possible and often cannot remove every cancerous cell. On the other hand, reirradiation with chemotherapy cures approximately 25 to 30% of patients but has significant toxicity with as many as 15 to 20% suffering from life-threatening or fatal complications. Therefore, less toxic and more effective reirradiation regimens are urgently needed. There are extensive data from animal studies and preliminary human studies showing that blocking epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and COX-2 enhances radiation effect and is more effective than either treatment alone. Erlotinib is a FDA approved oral inhibitor of EGFR and celecoxib is a FDA approved COX-2 inhibitor. Both have been well studied in humans and appear to have less severe toxicity than conventional chemotherapeutic agents.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase I/II Dose Escalation Trial of Induction and Concomitant Erlotinib and Celecoxib With Radiation Therapy for Treatment of Poor Prognosis Head and Neck Cancer, Including Reirradiation

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Acute toxicity

Secondary outcome: locoregional control, progression-free survival, overall survival and late toxicity

Detailed description: Despite advances in the treatment of head and neck cancer, locoregional recurrences are the predominant site of treatment failure and are frequently the cause of death. Second primary tumors in the head and neck occur in up to 30% of patients at 10 years of follow-up after eradication of the original tumor due to field cancerization. The standard approach to patients with recurrent but non-metastatic disease has been surgical salvage alone. Unfortunately, this strategy is feasible in only a select group of patients and 5 year survival rates have ranged from 15-40%. Most patients with previously irradiated unresectable recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer are treated with chemotherapy alone. This approach has offered limited palliation with response rates of 10-40%, median survival of 5 to 10 months. While this may be an acceptable option for patients with clearly incurable widespread metastatic disease, it may not be the best approach for those patients with potentially curable locoregional disease. While geographic misses and second primary tumors occur, the majority of patients have radioresistant tumors. Therefore, reirradiation alone is unlikely to be effective. High dose reirradiation with concomitant chemotherapy represents a more aggressive approach resulted in encouraging 3-year survival rates of 15 to 35%. This approach represents a potentially curative option for patients with unresectable or partially resected disease arising in a previously irradiated volume. However, the high rates of acute and late toxicity with this approach have limited widespread application of this approach. Extensive preclinical and clinical data suggest that both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonists and cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors enhance the effectiveness of ionizing radiation. In locally advanced head and neck cancer, a recent phase III trial concurrent anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody and radiation demonstrated improved local control, disease free survival and overall survival compared to radiation alone without the increased mucosal toxicity associated with concurrent chemotherapy. COX-2 inhibition and anti-EGFR therapy demonstrates activity against recurrent/metastatic head and neck cancer in a recent phase I study. Head and neck cancer represents an ideal site to study biologic markers of tumor response because of the accessibility of tumors for biopsy. Therefore, we propose the combination of Erlotinib and Celecoxib with radiation in a cohort of previously irradiation patients with head and neck cancer.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 18 years or older

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of squamous cell or poorly

differentiated carcinomas of the head and neck or lymphoepithelioma

- Prior radiation to the head and neck, surgery or chemotherapy is allowed

- Karnofsky performance status of >= 70%

- Intact organ and bone marrow function

- Obtained informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Demonstration of metastatic disease (i. e. M1 disease).

- Incomplete healing from previous surgery

- Pregnancy or breast feeding (men and women of child-bearing potential are eligible

but must consent to using effective contraception during therapy and for at least 3 months after completing therapy)

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active

infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, or any

history of clinically significant CHF are excluded. The exclusion of patients with active coronary artery disease will be at the discretion of the attending physician.

- Uncontrolled active infection unless curable with treatment of their cancer.

Locations and Contacts

Johnny Kao, M.D., Phone: 212-241-7503, Email: Johnny.kao@mountsinai.org

Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, United States; Recruiting
Johnny Kao, M.D, Phone: 212-241-7503, Email: Johnny.kao@mountsinai.org
Stuart Packer, M.D, Phone: 212-241-8617, Email: stuart.packer@Mountsinai.org
Johnny Kao, M.D., Principal Investigator
Stuart Packer, M.D., Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Related publications:

Salama JK, Vokes EE, Chmura SJ, Milano MT, Kao J, Stenson KM, Witt ME, Haraf DJ. Long-term outcome of concurrent chemotherapy and reirradiation for recurrent and second primary head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Feb 1;64(2):382-91. Epub 2005 Oct 5.

Kao J, Garofalo MC, Milano MT, Chmura SJ, Citron JR, Haraf DJ. Reirradiation of recurrent and second primary head and neck malignancies: a comprehensive review. Cancer Treat Rev. 2003 Feb;29(1):21-30. Review.

Starting date: February 2007
Last updated: September 1, 2009

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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