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Natural Progesterone and Preterm Birth in Twins

Information source: Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad, IVI VALENCIA
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Preterm Birth

Intervention: 200 mg of Progesterone (Drug); 400 mg Progesterone (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad, IVI VALENCIA

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Vicente Serra, MDPhD, Study Director, Affiliation: Instituto Valenciano de la Infertilidad


To assess the effectiveness of natural progesterone supplementation in preventing preterm births in twins.

Clinical Details

Official title: Eficacia de Los Suplementos de Progesterona Natural en la prevención Del Parto pretérmino Gemelar

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Detailed description: Objective: To assess the effectiveness of natural progesterone supplementation in preventing preterm births in twins. Study Design: National multicenter randomized double blind controlled clinical trial. Setting: Six tertiary hospitals in the east of Spain (communities of Valencia and Murcia): Instituto Universitario IVI Valencia, Hospital Universitario La Fe (Valencia), Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset (Valencia), Hospital General Universitario (Alicante), Hospital Vega Baja de Orihuela (Alicante) y Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca (Murcia). Population: 246 bichorionic biamniotic twin pregnant women divided in three groups according to the allocated randomized treatment: (I) placebo (N=82); (II) 200 mg progesterone (N=82); and (III) 400 mg progesterone (N=82). Methods: All participant women will self-administer two vaginal pessaries at bedtime containing the allocated treatment. Vaginal pessaries will be identical externally but will contain either placebo or 200 mg of natural progesterone (Laboratorios Effik, Madrid, Spain). The treatment will be applied from the 20th week until the 34th week (or until delivery if it occurred earlier). Control visits will be performed at 24, 28, 32 and 34 weeks. Pregnancies will be managed according to each local protocol. An external statistical analysis will be performed on intention to treat basis. Main outcome measure: Preterm birth rate (<37 weeks). Secondary outcome measures: very preterm birth rate (<32 weeks); cervical length measured by vaginal ultrasound at each control visit; need for tocolytic treatments; rate of preterm premature rupture of membranes; and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Estimated period of study: 2006-2008.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Bichorionic biamniotic twin pregnant women

- = or > 18 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

- Single pregnancy or monochorionic twin pregnancy or triplets

- Chronic hepatic pathology, previous alterations in hepatic analysis during

anti-contraceptive treatment; or gestational cholestasis in in previous pregnancies. Basal alterations in hepatic analysis profile.

- Profylactic cerclage until week 14.

- Basal alterations in renal analysis profile

- Local allergy to micronized natural progesterone

- Genital pathology not allowing for correct absorption of medication

- Fetal anomoly diagnosed after sonograph week 12 and/or 20.

- Smokers of more than 10 cigarettes/day

- Consumers of illegal substances

Locations and Contacts

Instituto Valenciano de la Infertilidad, Valencia 46015, Spain
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2006
Last updated: April 3, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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