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Study of Propranolol in Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Information source: Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Intervention: Propranolol (Drug); Breast imaging - Diffuse Optical Tomography (DOT) (Other); Paclitaxel (Drug); Nab-paclitaxel (Drug); Trastuzumab (Drug); Pertuzumab (Drug); Doxorubicin (Drug); Cyclophosphamide (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Columbia University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Kevin M. Kalinsky, MD, MS, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Columbia University

Overall contact:
Julia Forman, Phone: 212-305-5528, Email: jf2683@columbia.edu


This study is being conducted in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer that will be

undergoing chemotherapy prior to surgery - neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The study involves

treatment with standard chemotherapy and a commonly used, FDA-approved, blood pressure drug called propranolol (Inderal). The purposes of this study are to: 1. Determine the effect of propranolol plus chemotherapy on breast cancer cells as well as the growth of blood vessels surrounding breast cancer cells. 2. Determine the side effect profile of propranolol and chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This research is being done because previous laboratory work has shown that propranolol may decrease the ability for the blood vessels around breast cancer cells to grow, which may be important in helping cancer cells grow. It also may reduce the likelihood for breast cancer cells to spread. If changes are seen in the breast cancer cells and surrounding blood vessels in this study, we will pan to evaluate whether propranolol decreases the likelihood of breast cancer from recurring in future, later studies. The use of propranolol is experimental in this study.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Study of the Beta-blocker Propranolol Alone and With Chemotherapy in Patients Receiving Neoadjuvant Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Primary outcome:

Percentage of patients who are compliant with taking > 80% take the drug while on chemotherapy.

Changes in angiogenesis

Changes in stress levels

Secondary outcome:

Number of Patients with Adverse Events

Change in DOT-derived parameters

Changes in tumor proliferation

Detailed description: While a number of therapeutic options exist for patients with breast cancer (BC), breast tumor biology is differs across tumors and not all BCs respond to treatment. Identifying a marker predicting response could spare non-responders unnecessary side effects, cost, and time. A recent example in BC is bevacizumab, an expensive anti-angiogenic monoclonal antibody, for which the FDA revoked approval for patients with metastatic BC. While this targeted therapy may benefit some patients, no appropriate predictive marker has been identified in the drug development process. An ideal biologic marker would be easy to perform, reliable, low-cost and non-invasive. A limitation of assessing tumor-based markers in metastatic BC is the inability to procure tumor tissue at different treatment times. To circumvent this issue, anti-cancer agents can be assessed pre-operatively, where women with newly diagnosed BC receive a study drug, alone or with chemotherapy, between diagnostic breast biopsy and surgical resection. In addition, tumor changes can be directly compared to modulation of non-invasive markers, such as functional radiographs or blood, to identify a non-invasive marker predicting tumor response. The investigators are conducting a neoadjuvant single-institution trial with the

non-selective, inexpensive β - blocker propranolol with chemotherapy in locally advanced BC.

β-blockade regulates angiogenesis in primary breast tumors. In these trials, the investigators plan to evaluate treatment-related microvascular response via changes in breast Diffuse Optical Tomography (DOT), a non-invasive, fast, safe, and inexpensive breast imaging tool. As the optical property contrast from endogenous chromophores (oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, water, and lipid) provides information on tissue vascularity, it can monitor response to anti-angiogenic agents. DOT changes occur as early as 1 week after starting pre-operative therapy. The dynamic DOT system incorporated in these trials is unique to Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC), as it has been designed by Columbia biomedical engineers. CUMC's laboratory collaborators have measured this DOT system with anti-angiogenesis agents in animal models, demonstrating the translational nature of this project. While non-dynamic DOT has been assessed in other neoadjuvant trials with small cohorts receiving heterogeneous chemotherapy agents, none have evaluated DOT response to anti-angiogenic agents.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- English or Spanish speaking women age ≥18

- Heart Rate > 60 bpm

- Systolic Blood Pressure > 100 mm/Hg

- Deemed eligible to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 12 cycles of weekly taxane

therapy (paclitaxel 80mg/m2 or abraxane 100 mg/m2 if there is a shortage of paclitaxel) followed by 4 cycles of adriamycin (60mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) given every 2 weeks with growth-factor support.

- Echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) with ejection

fraction > 50%.

- Patients with hormone receptor +/- and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2

protein (HER2) +/- breast cancer are eligible

- If a patient has HER2-positive breast cancer, Herceptin and Perjeta will be given

along with taxane therapy

- Any stage invasive breast cancer provided the primary breast tumor size is ≥ 1 cm

- Agree to participate in research blood collection at 4 different time periods (20 ml

= 4 teaspoons)

- Agree to the evaluation of already collected core biopsy, as well as surgical

resection tissue, for predictive biomarkers. The biopsy prior to Taxol #1 is optional. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients failing to meet the inclusion criteria

- Corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation as defined by > 470 milliseconds on

electrocardiogram (ECG)

- First degree AV block on ECG in which PR interval lengthened > 200 milliseconds;

Second Degree; or Third Degree

- On beta-blocker treatment. If discontinued, patients must have been off

beta-blockers for at least 3 months.

- History of asthma, given concern for β-blockade in this population

Locations and Contacts

Julia Forman, Phone: 212-305-5528, Email: jf2683@columbia.edu

Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, United States; Recruiting
Julia Forman, Phone: 212-305-5528, Email: jf2683@columbia.edu
Kevin M. Kalinsky, MD, MS, Principal Investigator
Matthew A. Maurer, MD, MS, Sub-Investigator
Katherine Crew, MD, MS, Sub-Investigator
Dawn L. Hershman, MD, MS, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2012
Last updated: February 12, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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