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Sublingual Anvirzel in Advance Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Information source: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chemotherapeutic Agent Toxicity; Lung Cancer

Intervention: Carboplatin (Drug); Docetaxel (Drug); Anvirzel (Drug); Questionnaires (Behavioral)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Withdrawn

Sponsored by: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Richard T. Lee, MD, FACP, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Summary

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of Anvirzel (Nerium Oleander) that can be given to lung cancer patients receiving standard therapy with carboplatin and docetaxel. Researchers also want to learn what effect Nerium Oleander may have in combination with carboplatin and docetaxel.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I Study of the Combination of Carboplatin, Docetaxel, and Increasing Doses of Sublingual Anvirzel (Nerium Oleander) in Advance Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of sublingual (SL) dosing of Anvirzel in combination with chemotherapy

Pharmacokinetics of carboplatin and docetaxel when administered concurrently with SL Anvirzel

Secondary outcome:

Anti-inflammatory effects of SL Anvirzel during carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy

Immunomodulatory effects of SL Anvirzel during carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy

Symptoms and quality-of-life outcomes based on MDASI-LC and SF-12 scores

Grade 3-4 toxicities at each course according to NCI Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Effects (CTCAE) version 4.0

Detailed description: Study Drug Administration: If you are eligible and agree to take part in the study, you will be assigned to a dose level of nerium oleander based on when you join this study. Up to 5 dose levels of nerium oleander will be tested. At least 3 participants will be enrolled at each dose level. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose level. Each new group will receive a higher dose than the group before it, if no intolerable side effects were seen. This will continue until the highest tolerable dose of nerium oleander is found. You will take nerium oleander by mouth by placing it under your tongue. You should hold the nerium oleander under your tongue for 3 minutes before swallowing. It is very important for you to hold the nerium oleander under your tongue for 3 full minutes. Holding it under your tongue for 3 minutes before swallowing helps your body to take in the highest amount of the drug that you can receive. If you hold the nerium oleander under your tongue for less than 3 minutes, your body will not receive as much of the study drug and may not possibly benefit as much. You will take nerium oleander 3 times a day while participating in this study. Nerium oleander should be taken on an empty stomach or at least 15 minutes before any large meal, to help your body take in as much of the drug as possible. Study Visits: Each of your chemotherapy cycles are 21 days. Each week while on study, you will complete the questionnaire about any symptoms you may be having. It should take about 5 minutes to complete it each time. Cycle 1:

On Day - 7 (7 days before you start chemotherapy):

- You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health. It should

take about 5 minutes to complete it.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 6 times over 8 hours for

pharmacokinetic (PK) testing. PK testing measures the amount of study drug in the body at different time points.

- Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing

inflammation.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your

immune system.

On Day - 6, blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 1 time for PK testing.

On Day 1 (the day you start chemotherapy):

- You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.

- Your performance status will be recorded.

- You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health.

- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 6 times over 8 hours for PK testing.

- Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing

inflammation.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your

immune system.

- You will have an EKG.

On Day 2:

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn for PK testing.

- Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing

inflammation.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your

immune system. On Day 8 (+/- 2 days):

- Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing

inflammation.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your

immune system. On Day 1 of Cycles 2-3:

- You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.

- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

- Your performance status will be recorded.

- You will have an EKG.

- You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health.

- On Day 1 of Cycle 3 only, you will have a CT scan to check the status of the disease.

On Day 1 of Cycle 4:

- You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.

- You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health.

- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

- Your performance status will be recorded.

- You will have an EKG.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 6 times over 8 hours for PK testing.

- Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing

inflammation.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your

immune system. On Day 2 of Cycle 4:

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn for PK testing.

On Day 8 and Day 21 of Cycle 4 (+/- 2 days):

- Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing

inflammation.

- Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your

immune system. Length of Study: You may continue taking the study drug for as long as the doctor thinks it is in your best interest or up to 4 cycles. You will no longer be able to take the study drug if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions. Your participation on the study will be over after the follow-up visit. End-of-Dosing Visit: After your last dose of study drug, you will return to the clinic. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

- You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.

- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

- You will have an EKG.

- You will have a CT scan to check the status of the disease.

- You will complete both questionnaires.

Follow-Up Visit: About 30 days after your last dose of study drug, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

- You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.

- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

- You will have an EKG.

- You will complete both questionnaires.

This is an investigational study. Nerium oleander is not FDA approved or commercially available. Its use in this study is considered investigational. Up to 36 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will take part at MD Anderson.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosed advanced non-small cell lung cancer (Stage IIIB and IV) and be scheduled to receive four cycles of carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy. 2. Newly diagnosed or previously treated patient with NSCLC. Previously treated patients are allowed to have any previous chemotherapy for the treatment of NSCLC. 3. Age >18 years 4. ECOG performance status < or =2 (Karnofsky > or = 60%) 5. Life expectancy of greater than 6 months

6. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below: - leukocytes >

or = 3,000/mcL - absolute neutrophil count > or = 1,500/mcL - platelets > or =

100,000/mcL - total bilirubin within normal institutional limits -

AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) < or = 2. 5 X institutional upper limit of normal - creatinine

within normal institutional limits OR - creatinine clearance > or = 60 mL/min/1. 73 m2

for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal 7. Negative serum or urine pregnancy test in women of child-bearing potential 8. Scheduled to begin carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy in the next 30 days 9. The effects of Anvirzel on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. 10. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients receiving any other investigational agents 2. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cardiac glycosides 3. Patients receiving any medications or substances that are inhibitors or inducers of CYP 3A4 are ineligible 4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements 5. Pregnant or breastfeeding women 6. HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with Anvirzel. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. 7. Uncontrolled or significant cardiovascular disease, including: • Myocardial infarction within 6 months • Uncontrolled angina within 6 months • Newly diagnosed congestive heart failure within 6 months, defined as NYHC-II or currently uncontrolled congestive heart failure • Diagnosed or suspected congenital long QT syndrome • Any history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, or torsade de pointes). Prolonged QTc interval on pre-entry electrocardiogram (> 450 msec). If the automated reading is prolonged (i. e., > 450 msec), the EKG should be manually over-read • Any history of second or third degree heart block • Heart rate < 50 beats/minute or sustained heart rate > 110 on pre-entry electrocardiogram • Newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation within 6 months or currently uncontrolled atrial fibrillation • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure of >/= 140/90mm Hg 8. Current use of a pacemaker 9. Patients using or scheduled to use bevacizumab during study period 10. Current use of cardiac glycoside

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Official Website

Starting date: June 2014
Last updated: June 5, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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