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Doxycycline Effects on Inflammation in Cystic Fibrosis

Information source: University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cystic Fibrosis

Intervention: Doxycycline (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Southern California

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Paul M Beringer, Pharm.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Southern California


Doxycycline is known to exhibit immune modulatory activities beyond its antibacterial effects. In particular, doxycycline is a potent inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 9, which is a protease derived largely from neutrophils. Recent studies demonstrate a significant correlation between pulmonary disease severity and sputum concentrations of MMP-9 in patients with CF. In addition, sputum MMP-9 levels are associated with airway remodeling in CF. The goal of this study is to determine the therapeutic potential of doxycycline in modulating host airway inflammation in patients with CF. Specifically, the study will characterize the PK /PD of doxycycline, evaluate the safety of short term therapy, and explore the concentration effect relationship between doxycycline exposure and sputum biomarker levels.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Doxycycline on Sputum Biomarkers of Inflammation and Lung Epithelial Repair in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: To determine the effect of doxycycline on inflammatory biomarkers

Secondary outcome: To characterize the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety of doxycycline in patients with cystic fibrosis

Detailed description: This study will consist of a prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled trial conducted in 24 patients with cystic fibrosis. Twenty subjects will be stratified in a 1: 2 ratio based on baseline FEV1 into mild (> 70%) or moderate (40-70%) pulmonary disease in order to control for disease severity within each dose level. The subjects will be randomized in blocks of four to receive no drug, 40mg, 100mg, or 200mg daily for 28 days. Sputum samples will be obtained in all groups by induction with hypertonic saline at baseline, 8, 24, and 48 hours following the first dose and then weekly for 4 weeks. Sputum will also be collected at two follow up visits after the treatment period at weeks 5 and 6. In the doxycycline group, serial blood samples (5 mL) for determination of doxycycline concentrations will be obtained before and at 0, 0. 5, 1, 2, 4, 12, 24, and 48 hours following the 1-hr infusion of a single IV dose. Once daily dosing of doxycycline will resume immediately following the 48-hour blood sample and will continue until day 28. Additional levels will be obtained pre-dose, and 1, 2, and 3 hours after doses administered on days 14 and 28. A sample of blood will be obtained at baseline, and at days 28 for inflammatory marker analyses.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age greater than 18 years

- Clinically stable (FEV1 within 10% of baseline)

- FEV1 > 40% predicted

Exclusion Criteria:

- Use of clinically significant concomitant drug therapy such as long-term use of

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or corticosteroids

- Known hypersensitivity to doxycycline

- Pregnancy or attempting to conceive, breast feeding, initiation of or change in

hormonal method of contraception within 4 weeks of baseline or during the study

- Use of systemic antibiotics (except oral azithromycin) within 4 weeks of baseline

- Use of doxycycline within 60 days of baseline

- Known history of gastrointestinal bleeding or gastrointestinal ulceration.

Locations and Contacts

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2008
Last updated: June 13, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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