DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Vascular Effects of Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonism in Kidney Disease

Information source: University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chronic Kidney Disease; Albuminuria

Intervention: Spironolactone (Drug); Amiloride (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Alabama at Birmingham

Overall contact:
Eric Judd, MD, Phone: 205 996-2186, Email: ejudd@uab.edu


Vascular endothelial dysfunction increases cardiovascular (CV) risk and contributes to the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists have been shown to improve endothelial function, as well as decrease CV mortality and proteinuria. The specific biochemical pathways that produce these pharmacological effects for MR antagonists, however, are poorly understood. This study investigates the effect of MR antagonism on endothelial function in patients with moderate (stage III) CKD using a randomized, controlled trial. Three specific aims are proposed: Aim 1: To determine if spironolactone improves endothelial function as compared to amiloride in patients with stage III CKD; Aim 2: To determine if oxidative stress is associated with changes in endothelial function by spironolactone compared to amiloride in patients with stage III CKD; and Aim 3: To determine if endothelial dysfunction contributes to albuminuria in patients with stage III CKD. The clinical relevance is to improve understanding of the mechanisms of kidney function decline in CKD in order to develop interventions to delay or prevent dialysis, which would translate into alleviating patient suffering, caregiver burden, and health care costs.

Clinical Details

Official title: Vascular Effects of Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonism in Kidney Disease

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Percent change in flow-mediated dilation

Change in oxidative stress as measured by urine levels of F2-isoprostanes

Change in albuminuria

Secondary outcome:

Change in serum potassium

Change in estimated glomerular filtration rate

Detailed description: Study participants with proteinuric, stage III CKD will be randomly assigned in a double-masked fashion to spironolactone 25mg daily or amiloride 5 mg daily for 6 weeks and then crossed over to the alternate study medication after a 1 month wash-out period. Vascular function will be assessed at baseline and the end of each 6 week treatment period by: 1) ultrasound guided flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, 2) impedence cardiography, 3) pulse-wave velocity, 4) 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and 5) serum and urine biomarkers. Participants will undergo a total of 7 visits over 16-18 weeks; 3 of the 7 visits will involve vascular function testing. A study visit where vascular function testing is to be performed will begin at 0800 in the morning and start with a vital sign assessment including height, weight, body fat percent, and left arm automated BP measurement followed by confirmation of fasting status and a brief past medical history. Each participant will then lie supine for 10 minutes in preparation for vascular function testing. Following the pulse wave velocity, impedence cardiography, and FMD measurements, the participant will have his/her blood and urine collected for laboratory testing. Laboratory testing will include ~20 mL of blood for plasma and serum testing. Participants will return 24 hour urine samples and have a 24 hour ambulatory monitor placed. This entire visit is expected to take 2 hours. Study visits where vascular function testing will not be performed (e. g., screening visit, visit 2, visit 4, and visit 5; should last 30 minutes and involve a medication assessment, vital sign check, and blood collection for serum potassium (~4 mL of blood). All study medication will be prepared by the the University of Alabama (UAB) Research Pharmacy in matching capsules and placed in pill bottles labeled "A" and "B". The order of medication dispensing will follow simple randomization using an a priori randomization list prepared by the research pharmacy. All study personnel with participant interaction are masked to the order of study medication.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Adults (18-65 years of age)

- CKD stage III (eGFR 30-60 mL/min/1. 73m2 by 4 variable MDRD formula)

- Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥ 30 mg/g

Exclusion Criteria:

- Severe hypertension (HTN) (office BP ≥ 160/100 mm Hg)

- Hypotension (office BP < 110/70 mm Hg)

- Serum potassium > 5 milliequivalent/L

- History of arrhythmia, including atrial fibrillation

- Pregnant or breast feeding woman

- Diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 and type 2 or glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6. 5%

- Dementia or cognitive impairment prohibiting consent

- History of ischemic stroke, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past

6 months

- Allergy or intolerance to spironolactone or amiloride

- Use of an MR antagonist or an epithelial sodium channel blocking medication within

the last month

- Known primary aldosteronism or renal artery stenosis

Locations and Contacts

Eric Judd, MD, Phone: 205 996-2186, Email: ejudd@uab.edu

Hypertension Research Clinic at UAB, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, United States; Recruiting
Felice Cook, Phone: 205-934-9281, Email: fycook@uab.edu
Nikki Ware, Phone: 205 934-9281, Email: mware@uab.edu
Eric Judd, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2015
Last updated: July 9, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017