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Electrochemotherapy as a Palliative Treatment for Brain Metastases

Information source: Copenhagen University Hospital at Herlev
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Brain Metastases; CNS Metastases

Intervention: The Electroporation System (Device); Bleomycin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Copenhagen University Hospital at Herlev

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Julie Gehl, MD, DMSci, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Department of Oncology, Herlev Hospital

Summary

Because electrochemotherapy is a quick and effective treatment for cutaneous metastases, a novel electrode device has been developed for treatment in soft tissue such as the brain. Up to 18 patients will be treated in this phase I dose-escalating study of electrochemotherapy for brain metastases. Primary endpoint of the clinical trial is safety and secondary endpoint is efficacy. One brain metastasis is treated once-only with the electrode device guided stereotactically through a burr hole using CT monitoring. The patient will be fully anesthetized during the treatment procedure. Patients are followed up for 6 months with regard to neurological function, Barthel Index, steroid use and adverse effects registration (CTCAE). Tumor response will be evaluated by Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI).

Clinical Details

Official title: Electrochemotherapy as a Palliative Treatment for Brain Metastases

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Safety of the trial treatment. This is evaluated by adverse events registrations (CTCAE).

Secondary outcome: Efficacy of the trial treatment. This is evaluated by target tumor response on Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Detailed description: Electrochemotherapy is a cancer treatment modality comprising of a combination of electrical pulses delivered by electrodes and chemotherapy supplied either intravenously or intratumorally. It is a quick and effective treatment for cutaneous metastases < 3 cm with a complete response rate of 73 % after once-only treatment. The available electrode devices have so far only been applicable for cutaneous tumors. An electrode has now been developed in collaboration with a medico-technical company. An increasing number of cancer patients suffer from metastases to the brain due to e. g. better control of the systemic peripheral cancer disease. The prognosis for patients with brain metastases remains poor and research into new treatments are needed in this field. Up to 18 patients will be treated in a dose-escalating study of electrochemotherapy for brain metastases. Primary endpoint of the clinical trial is safety and secondary endpoint is efficacy. One brain metastasis is treated once-only with the electrode device guided stereotactically through a burr hole using CT monitoring. The patient will be fully anesthetized during the treatment procedure. Patients are followed up for 6 months with regard to neurological function, Barthel Index, steroid use and adverse effects registration (CTCAE). Tumor response will be evaluated by Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI). The first 6 patients will receive an intravenous dose of bleomycin 15. 000 IE/m2 before electric pulses. The following patients will receive an additional intratumoral injection of bleomycin of increasing concentration. The electrical pulses will consist of a series of high voltage pulses of 0. 1 millisecond duration.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients > 18 years.

- Performance status < 2 (ECOG - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group).

- Diagnosis of brain metastases originated from histological or cytological verified

cancer of any histology.

- Patients should have received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) with a time

interval of at least 2 months from completion of WBRT until inclusion in this study.

- Patients must have been offered every available standard treatment.

- Brain metastases to be treated must have a diameter of at least 10 millimetres and no

more than 27 millimetres.

- Brain metastases to be treated must be accessible for treatment.

- Estimated life expectancy must be more than 3 months.

- Patients must have adequate organ functions:

Adequate bone marrow reserve: Leucocytes (WBC) > 3. 0 x 109/l, thrombocytes > 75 x 109/l, hemoglobin > 7 g/dl. Hepatic: Alkaline phosphate, ALAT or ASAT and bilirubin must not be increased more than 2 times, pp > 40, APTT in normal range. Medical correction is allowed, e. g. correction of low pp using vitamin K. Renal: if creatinin > 150 micromolar do a GFR examination (Chrome-EDTA).

- Patients must not have a blood pressure (BP) over 180 mm Hg systolic and 110 mm Hg

diastolic.

- Sexually active men and women of childbearing potential must use adequate birth

control during this study and 6 month after the administration of bleomycin (contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices, injection of prolonged gestagen, subdermal implantation, hormonal vaginal devices, transdermal patches).

- Participating patients must be able to understand the patient information.

- Participating patients must have signed a written informed consent and power of

attorney prior to inclusion in this study. Exclusion Criteria:

- Acute lung infection.

- Previous bleomycin treatment with more than 200. 000 IU/m2.

- Previous allergic reaction to bleomycin.

- Allergy towards the sedation used.

- Pregnancy or breastfeeding. Pregnancy in fertile women is excluded by a measurement

of HCG in a blood sample. Sterile or infertile women are excluded from the requirement to use anticonception. To be considered sterile or infertile, the patient must have undergone surgical sterilization (vasectomy/bilateral tubectomy, hysterectomy and bilateral ovariectomy) or be post-menopausal defined as the absence of menstruation.

- Treatment with G-CSF (Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor) or other cytokines.

- Lung diffusion capacity (DLCO) below normal. DLCO is to be performed in case of

suspected (anamnestic or clinical) reduced lung function.

- Physician's assessment that meningeal carcinomatosis (leptomeningeal disease) is a

likely cause of the patient's symptoms.

- Treatment with anticoagulants (marevan, marcumar, innohep).

- Allergic to nickel, chrome or cobalt.

- Participation in another clinical study with an experimental drug up to 4 weeks prior

to inclusion.

- Illnesses, medical, social or physiological, that may affect the patient's ability to

understand the patient information and participate in the follow-up.

- Other serious systemic illnesses (i. e. active infection, abnormal EKG) that the

investigator finds may affect the patient's safety and/or ability to complete the study.

- Treatment with Immunosuppressant drugs such as methotrexate and cyclosporine during

the study. Treatment with prednisolone is accepted during the study.

- Implanted pacemaker, defibrillators or hearth valve prosthetics.

- Implanted devices such as neurostimulators, eartransplants, insulinpump, metallic

tracheostomy.

- Catheters with metal such as Port รก cath, Swan Ganz, P-dialysis cath.,

ventriculoatrial and - peritoneal shunts, bladder cath. with thermo-measurement.

- Metallic clips/prosthetics/magnets from surgery such as neuro- or abdominal clips,

tooth- or other prosthetics.

- Disorganised metallic material such as metal fragments in the eyes, shrapnel, gun

shot injuries.

Locations and Contacts

Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark

Herlev Hospital, Herlev 2730, Denmark

Additional Information

Related publications:

Linnert M, Gehl J. Bleomycin treatment of brain tumors: an evaluation. Anticancer Drugs. 2009 Mar;20(3):157-64. doi: 10.1097/CAD.0b013e328325465e. Review.

Gothelf A, Mir LM, Gehl J. Electrochemotherapy: results of cancer treatment using enhanced delivery of bleomycin by electroporation. Cancer Treat Rev. 2003 Oct;29(5):371-87. Review.

Starting date: April 2011
Last updated: July 30, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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