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Vincristine (Vincristine Sulfate) - Summary

 
 



WARNINGS

This preparation is for intravenous use only. It should be administered by individuals experienced in the administration of vincristine sulfate injection. The intrathecal administration of vincristine sulfate injection usually results in death. Syringes containing this product should be labeled, using the auxiliary sticker provided, to state “FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY.”

Extemporaneously prepared syringes containing this product must be packaged in an overwrap which is labeled “DO NOT REMOVE COVERING UNTIL MOMENT OF INJECTION. FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY.”

Treatment of patients following intrathecal administration of vincristine sulfate injection has included immediate removal of spinal fluid and flushing with Lactated Ringer’s, as well as other solutions and has not prevented ascending paralysis and death. In one case, progressive paralysis in an adult was arrested by the following treatment initiated immediately after the intrathecal injection:

  1. As much spinal fluid was removed as could be safely done through lumbar access.
  2. The subarachnoid space was flushed with Lactated Ringer’s solution infused continuously through a catheter in a cerebral lateral ventricle at the rate of 150 mL/h. The fluid was removed through a lumbar access.
  3. As soon as fresh frozen plasma became available, the fresh frozen plasma, 25 mL, diluted in 1 L of Lactated Ringer’s solution was infused through the cerebral ventricular catheter at the rate of 75 mL/h with removal through the lumbar access. The rate of infusion was adjusted to maintain a protein level in the spinal fluid of 150 mg/dL.
  4. Glutamic acid, 10 g, was given intravenously over 24 hours followed by 500 mg 3 times daily by mouth for 1 month or until neurological dysfunction stabilized. The role of glutamic acid in this treatment is not certain and may not be essential.
 

VINCRISTINE SUMMARY

Vincristine Sulfate Injection is the salt of an alkaloid obtained from a common flowering herb, the periwinkle plant (Vinca rosea Linn). Originally known as leurocristine, it has also been referred to as LCR and VCR.

Vincristine sulfate injection is indicated in acute leukemia.

Vincristine sulfate injection has also been shown to be useful in combination with other oncolytic agents in Hodgkin’s disease, non–Hodgkin’s malignant lymphomas (lymphocytic, mixed cell, histiocytic, undifferentiated, nodular and diffuse types), rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and Wilms’ tumor.


See all Vincristine indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Vincristine

Phase II study of the tetrahydropyranyl adriamycin-cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisolone regimen combined with rituximab as first-line treatment for elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. [2011.04]
The anthracycline drug pirarubicin (tetrahydropyranyl adriamycin; THP) apparently has fewer cardiotoxic effects than doxorubicin. We previously described the benefit of the THP-COP regimen comprising cyclophosphamide, THP, vincristine, and prednisolone for elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)...

Melphalan-prednisolone and vincristine-doxorubicin-dexamethasone chemotherapy followed by prednisolone/interferon maintenance therapy for multiple myeloma: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study, JCOG0112. [2011.04]
A multicenter phase III study for untreated multiple myeloma was conducted to investigate a switch-induction chemotherapy with melphalan-prednisolone and vincristine-doxorubicin-dexamethasone followed by randomization on maintenance therapy for patients achieving plateau... Vincristine-doxorubicin-dexamethasone/melphalan-prednisolone switch-induction therapy might be feasible and effective for Japanese patients with multiple myeloma.

Randomized phase II study of concurrent and sequential combinations of rituximab plus CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) chemotherapy in untreated indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: 7-year follow-up results. [2010.12]
Rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone (R-CHOP) is one of the most frequently applied initial treatments for indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL); however, information on its long-term outcome is limited. Untreated patients in the concurrent arm (Arm C) received six R (375 mg/m(2) ) treatments, 2 days prior to each cycle of CHOP, and patients in the sequential arm (Arm S) received 6 weekly R (375 mg/m(2) ) treatments following six cycles of CHOP...

A trial to assess the efficacy of glutamic acid in prevention of vincristine-induced neurotoxicity in pediatric malignancies: a pilot study. [2010.11]
Vincristine is considered as a backbone of therapy in the induction and consolidation phases of pediatric malignancies... This study suggests that the coadministration of oral glutamic acid with repetitive intravenous bolus injections of vincristine resulted in a reduction of its neurotoxicity.

Mechanisms of peripheral neuropathy associated with bortezomib and vincristine in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: a prospective analysis of data from the HOVON-65/GMMG-HD4 trial. [2010.11]
BACKGROUND: Bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy is a dose-limiting toxicity in patients with multiple myeloma, often requiring adjustment of treatment and affecting quality of life. We investigated the molecular profiles of early-onset (within one treatment cycle) versus late-onset (after two or three treatment cycles) bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy and compared them with those of vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy during the induction phase of a prospective phase 3 trial... INTERPRETATION: Our results strongly suggest an interaction between myeloma-related factors and the patient's genetic background in the development of treatment-induced peripheral neuropathy, with different molecular pathways being implicated in bortezomib-induced and vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Clinical Trials Related to Vincristine

Vincristine, DOXILŽ (Doxorubicin HCl Liposome Injection) and Dexamethasone vs. Vincristine, Doxorubicin, and Dexamethasone in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine how well newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients respond to an experimental regimen of Vincristine, DOXIL (doxorubicin HCl liposome injection) and Dexamethasone (VDD) versus the standard treatment of Vincristine, Doxorubicin and Dexamethasone (VAD).

Methotrexate, Vincristine, Pegylated L-Asparaginase and Dexamethasone (MOAD) in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Salvage [Recruiting]

A Study of Vincristine, Escalating Doses of Irinotecan, Temozolomide and Bevacizumab (Vit-b) in Pediatric and Adolescent Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors of Non-hematopoietic Origin [Recruiting]
This phase I study is designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose of Irinotecan given intravenous for 5 days every 3 weeks in combination with fixed doses of Vincristine, Temozolomide and Bevacizumab (VIT-B) in patients with refractory solid tumors.

Azacitidine With Rituximab, Vincristine, and Cyclophosphamide in Refractory Lymphoma [Recruiting]
This is a phase I, prospective, open label, dose escalation study of azacitidine in combination with rituximab, vincristine, and cyclophosphamide for the treatment of refractory lymphoma. The investigators expect to enroll 12-24 patients in this trial over a 2 year accrual period.

Pilot Study of Topotecan/Vincristine With Subconjunctival Carboplatin for Patients With Bilateral Retinoblastoma [Recruiting]
The investigators are testing subtenon carboplatin in combination with vincristine and topotecan given by vein in the hopes of finding a drug combination that may be effective against retinoblastoma that has come back (recurrent) or is resistant to other treatment (refractory). The goals of this study are:

- To decide if the drug combination is a useful treatment for recurrent or refractory

retinoblastoma

- To test the safety of the drug combination and to see what kind of effects (good and

bad) can be expected from the drug combination

- To measure visual changes before and after the study therapy

- To use a special MRI scan to measure brain function involved in vision processing, both

before and after the study therapy In this study, the investigators are also testing a new experimental way of giving carboplatin "subtenon carboplatin". The carboplatin will be given directly in the eye through a needle placed under the covering of the eye. This is to try to get more carboplatin to the retinoblastoma inside the eye.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Vincristine Side Effects

Febrile Neutropenia (261)Neutropenia (184)Infection (181)Sepsis (114)Pyrexia (111)Pneumonia (104)Anaemia (102)Thrombocytopenia (98)Toxicity TO Various Agents (89)OFF Label USE (88)more >>


Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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