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Vibramycin (Doxycycline Monohydrate) - Summary

 
 



VIBRAMYCIN SUMMARY

Vibramycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic synthetically derived from oxytetracycline, and is available as Vibramycin Monohydrate (doxycycline monohydrate); Vibramycin Hyclate and Vibra-Tabs (doxycycline hydrochloride hemiethanolate hemihydrate); and Vibramycin Calcium (doxycycline calcium) for oral administration.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain effectiveness of Vibramycin and other antibacterial drugs, Vibramycin should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Treatment

Doxycycline is indicated for the treatment of the following infections:

  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae.
  • Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Psittacosis (ornithosis) caused by Chlamydia psittaci.
  • Trachoma caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, although the infectious agent is not always eliminated as judged by immunofluorescence.
  • Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infections in adults caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum.
  • Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis.

Doxycycline is also indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms:

  • Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi
  • Plague due to Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis).
  • Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis (formerly Pasteurella tularensis).
  • Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae (formerly Vibrio comma).
  • Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus (formerly Vibrio fetus).
  • Brucellosis due to Brucella species (in conjunction with streptomycin).
  • Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis.
  • Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.

Because many strains of the following groups of microorganisms have been shown to be resistant to doxycycline, culture and susceptibility testing are recommended.

Doxycycline is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:

  • Escherichia coli.
  • Enterobacter aerogenes (formerly Aerobacter aerogenes).
  • Shigella species.
  • Acinetobacter species (formerly Mima species and Herellea species).
  • Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae.
  • Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella species.

Doxycycline is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:

  • Upper respiratory infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (formerly Diplococcus pneumoniae).

Anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis, including inhalational anthrax (post-exposure): to reduce the incidence or progression of disease following exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis.

When penicillin is contraindicated, doxycycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections:

  • Uncomplicated gonorrhea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  • Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum.
  • Yaws caused by Treponema pertenue.
  • Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes.
  • Vincent's infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme.
  • Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii.
  • Infections caused by Clostridium species.

In acute intestinal amebiasis, doxycycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides.

In severe acne, doxycycline may be useful adjunctive therapy.

Prophylaxis

Doxycycline is indicated for the prophylaxis of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum in short-term travelers (<4 months) to areas with chloroquine and/or pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine resistant strains. See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section and Information for Patients subsection of the PRECAUTIONS section.


See all Vibramycin indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Vibramycin (Doxycycline)

Subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline treatment increases serum cholesterol efflux capacity from macrophages. [2013]
removal from macrophages... CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that SDD treatment may reduce the risk of

Safety and efficacy of WC2031 versus vibramycin for the treatment of uncomplicated urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis infection: a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, multicenter trial. [2012]
difficulties with the recommended twice-daily doxycycline regimen... CONCLUSIONS: WC2031 was noninferior to Vibramycin for uncomplicated urogenital

A study of the clinical activity of a gel combining monocaprin and doxycycline: a novel treatment for herpes labialis. [2012]
doxycycline in vivo against herpes labialis... CONCLUSION: Combining monocaprin with low-dose doxycycline offers an effective

Low-Dose Doxycycline Plus Additional Therapies may Lower Systemic Inflammation in Postmenopausal Women with Periodontitis. [2011.12]
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of subantimicrobial-dose-doxycycline periodontal therapy on serum biomarkers of systemic inflammation: a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Sub-antimicrobial doxycycline for periodontitis reduces hemoglobin A1c in subjects with type 2 diabetes: a pilot study. [2011.12]
In vitro and animal studies suggest a possible role for the tetracycline class of drugs in the inhibition of non-enzymatic protein glycation. We conducted a 3-month, randomized placebo-controlled pilot clinical trial of conventional sub-gingival debridement (periodontal therapy), combined with either a three month regimen of sub-antimicrobial-dose doxycycline (SDD), a two week regimen of antimicrobial-dose doxycycline (ADD), or placebo in 45 patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes (mean duration 9 years) and untreated chronic periodontitis...

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Clinical Trials Related to Vibramycin (Doxycycline)

Bioavailability Study of Doxycycline Monohydrate Capsules and Monodox Under Fasting and Fed Conditions [Completed]

Bioequivalence Study Doxycycline Tablets and Monodox Capsules Under Fasting Conditions [Completed]

Bioavailability Study of Doxycycline Monohydrate Capsules and Monodox Under Fasting Conditions [Completed]

Evaluation of Relapse, Efficacy and Safety of Long-term Treatment With Oracea� vs Placebo After 12 Weeks of Oracea� and MetroGel� 1% [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to assess relapse, efficacy and safety in subjects with rosacea during long-term treatment with either Oracea or placebo, after an initial 12-week regimen of Oracea and MetroGel 1%.

Doxycycline Outcomes in Lupus Erythematosus: (DOLE) [Not yet recruiting]
Cardiovascular disease, specifically from atherosclerosis, is the major cause of mortality in SLE in developed countries. In a recent study the investigators have shown that high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) is higher in SLE patients with (versus without) coronary calcium, a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis. In an ongoing two year intervention trial of atorvastatin, the investigators will determine if statins retard coronary calcium and reduce hs-CRP. However, 10% of the patients in the trial were intolerant of statins. The investigators want to now investigate whether there are additional, and potentially safer ways, to reduce hs-CRP in SLE. In this study, the investigators will determine if doxycycline reduces hs-CRP and other vascular inflammatory markers including interleukin 6 (IL-6), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM-1), soluble inter cell adhesion molecule (s-ICAM-1) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in SLE.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Vibramycin (Doxycycline) Side Effects

Drug Hypersensitivity (8)Depression (7)Blood Cholesterol Abnormal (6)Blood Pressure Fluctuation (6)Vomiting (4)Nasopharyngitis (3)Abdominal Discomfort (3)Fatigue (3)Lyme Disease (3)Ulcer (3)more >>


Page last updated: 2014-11-30

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