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Vantin (Cefpodoxime Proxetil) - Summary



Cefpodoxime proxetil is an orally administered, extended spectrum, semi-synthetic antibiotic of the cephalosporin class.

Cefpodoxime proxetil is indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below.

Recommended dosages, durations of therapy, and applicable patient populations vary among these infections. Please see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION for specific recommendations. Acute otitis media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (excluding penicillin-resistant strains), Streptococcus pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), or Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis (including beta-lactamase-producing strains).

Pharyngitis and/or tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes.

NOTE: Only penicillin by the intramuscular route of administration has been shown to be effective in the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever. Cefpodoxime proxetil is generally effective in the eradication of streptococci from the oropharynx. However, data establishing the efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil for the prophylaxis of subsequent rheumatic fever are not available.

Community-acquired pneumonia caused by S. pneumoniae or H. Influenzae (including beta-lactamase-producing strains).

Acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae (non-beta-lactamase-producing strains only), or M. catarrhalis. Data are insufficient at this time to establish efficacy in patients with acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis caused by beta-lactamase-producing strains of H. influenzae.

Acute, uncomplicated urethral and cervical gonorrhea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (including penicillinase-producing strains).

Acute, uncomplicated ano-rectal infections in women due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae (including penicillinase-producing strains).

NOTE: The efficacy of cefpodoxime in treating male patients with rectal infections caused by N. gonorrhoeae has not been established. Data do not support the use of cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of pharyngeal infections due to N. gonorrhoeae in men or women.

Uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (including penicillinase-producing strains) or Streptococcus pyogenes. Abscesses should be surgically drained as clinically indicated.

NOTE: In clinical trials, successful treatment of uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections was dose-related. The effective therapeutic dose for skin infections was higher than those used in other recommended indications. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

Acute maxillary sinusitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis.

Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (cystitis) caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, or Staphylococcus saprophyticus.

NOTE: In considering the use of cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of cystitis, cefpodoxime proxetil's lower bacterial eradication rates should be weighed against the increased eradication rates and different safety profiles of some other classes of approved agents. (See CLINICAL STUDIES section.)

Appropriate specimens for bacteriological examination should be obtained in order to isolate and identify causative organisms and to determine their susceptibility to cefpodoxime. Therapy may be instituted while awaiting the results of these studies. Once these results become available, antimicrobial therapy should be adjusted accordingly.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of VANTIN and other antibacterial drugs, VANTIN should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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Published Studies Related to Vantin (Cefpodoxime Proxetil)

The comparative plasma pharmacokinetics of intravenous cefpodoxime sodium and oral cefpodoxime proxetil in beagle dogs. [2007.08]
The pharmacokinetic properties of cefpodoxime, and its prodrug, cefpodoxime proxetil, were evaluated in two separate studies, one following intravenous (i.v.) administration of cefpodoxime sodium and the second after oral (p.o.) administration of cefpodoxime proxetil to healthy dogs... Combined with previous studies, these results suggest that a single daily oral dose of 5-10 mg cefpodoxime/kg body weight as cefpodoxime proxetil maintains plasma concentrations effective for treatment of specified skin infections in dogs.

[Treatment of acute maxillary sinusitis in adults. Comparison of cefpodoxime-proxetil and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid] [2006.01]
CONCLUSION: In this study, a 5-day course of cefpodoxime-proxetil at 200 mg bid was as clinically effective as amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 1 g/125 mg bid for 8 days with a significantly better safety profile and compliance.

Efficacy of cefpodoxime in the prophylaxis of recurrent pharyngotonsillitis. [2003.12]
BACKGROUND: Recurrent acute pharyngotonsillitis remains a common illness in children and young adults and can lead to serious complications if not treated. cefpodoxime proxetil is a second-generation oral cephalosporin, which shows potent antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and high stability in the presence of beta-lactamases. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of second-generation cephalosporins in the prophylaxis of recurrent pharyngotonsillitis in children... CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that treatment with cefpodoxime proxetil may be effective in reducing symptoms of recurrent pharyngotonsillitis and preventing recurrences without causing side effects or developing bacterial resistance.

Cefpodoxime-proxetil versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for short-term therapy of uncomplicated acute cystitis in women. [2003.03]
One hundred sixty-three women with uncomplicated acute lower urinary tract infections were included in a multicenter randomized study comparing cefpodoxime-proxetil (one 100-mg tablet twice daily) with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (one double-strength tablet [160/800 mg] twice daily) for 3 days...

Cefditoren pivoxil versus cefpodoxime proxetil for community-acquired pneumonia: results of a multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind study. [2002.11]
BACKGROUND: According to recently issued treatment guidelines, appropriate empiric choices for ambulatory patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are a macrolide, doxycycline (for patients aged > or = 8 years), or an oral beta-lactam agent with good activity against pneumococci. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare cefditoren pivoxil, a new beta-lactam, with cefpodoxime proxetil, a beta-lactam with an established role in the treatment of CAP... CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that cefditoren may have a role in the treatment of CAP in ambulatory patients.

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Clinical Trials Related to Vantin (Cefpodoxime Proxetil)

Cefpodoxime vs Ciprofloxacin for Acute Cystitis [Completed]
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common problem in young healthy women, afflicting approximately one-half of women by their late 20s. One of the most common antibiotics used to treat UTIs is ciprofloxacin, usually for a total of three days. However, increasing resistance to this antibiotic has raised concerns about its overuse for cystitis and generated interest in alternative agents. An alternative antibiotic which is approved for use in UTIs is cefpodoxime. However, there are few studies evaluating the efficacy and tolerance of this compound when given in a 3-day regimen as is commonly used for treatment of UTI. The major purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and tolerance of a 3-day regimen of cefpodoxime versus ciprofloxacin for treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis.

A Pilot Study of the Addition of Bevacizumab to VOIT Regimen for Relapsed/Refractory Pediatric Solid Tumors [Completed]
The purpose of this research study is to test the safety and of adding bevacizumab to the established regimen of vincristine, oral irinotecan, and temozolomide (VOIT) and see what effects it has in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors.

Patients Response to Early Switch To Oral:Osteomyelitis Study [Not yet recruiting]
Based on the current literature, investigators hypothesize that patients with osteomyelitis who are treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy will have the same clinical outcomes as patients treated with the experimental approach of intravenous antibiotics with early switch to oral antibiotics. The primary objective of this study is to compare patients with osteomyelitis treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy versus patients treated with intravenous antibiotics with an early switch to oral antibiotics in relation to clinical outcomes at 12 months after discontinuation of antibiotic therapy. Secondary objectives of the study include the evaluation of adverse events related to the use of antibiotics as well as the cost of care evaluated from the hospital perspective.

Prevention of Diarrhea in Patients Taking IV Irinotecan for Relapsed or Difficult to Treat Pediatric Solid Tumors [Completed]
The primary purpose of this study is to estimate the maximum tolerated dose of irinotecan with the use of cefpodoxime for pediatric solid tumor patients.

Nut Allergy Study: Double-blind Challenge and Oral Desensitization [Recruiting]
Nut sensitization in skin prick tests is common in areas, including Finland, where birch pollen is abundant. However, sensitization to nuts in skin prick test does not predict the possibility of allergic symptoms when nuts are ingested. In this study the investigators launch and perform double-blind placebo-controlled nut challenges and oral desensitization/ protocol to those with serious symptoms in the challenge. The efficacy and safety of the new oral desensitization program is the primary outcome. The effect of oral desensitization on bronchial hyperreactivity, eosinophilic airway inflammation, and quality of life are secondary outcomes.

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Page last updated: 2007-10-18

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