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Ultram (Tramadol Hydrochloride) - Summary



ULTRAM® (tramadol hydrochloride tablets) is a centrally acting analgesic.

ULTRAM is indicated for the management of moderate to moderately severe pain in adults.

See all Ultram indications & dosage >>


Media Articles Related to Ultram (Tramadol)

Pain care and management for older Americans
Source: Caregivers / Homecare News From Medical News Today [2014.11.22]
The first issue of a new publication series from The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) called From Policy to Practice explores pain as a public health problem and takes a look at how various...

Abuse-Resistant Prescription Painkiller Approved
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain Specialty [2014.11.21]
Title: Abuse-Resistant Prescription Painkiller Approved
Category: Health News
Created: 11/20/2014 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 11/21/2014 12:00:00 AM

MRI Can Be Painful, Disruptive for People With Cochlear Implants
Source: MedicineNet Deafness Specialty [2014.11.21]
Title: MRI Can Be Painful, Disruptive for People With Cochlear Implants
Category: Health News
Created: 11/20/2014 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 11/21/2014 12:00:00 AM

Infants experience less pain in mother's soothing presence and gene activity in infant brain altered
Source: Neurology / Neuroscience News From Medical News Today [2014.11.20]
Research led by NYU Langone Medical Center offers insight into short-term effects of maternal caregiving on a developing brainA mother's "TLC" not only can help soothe pain in infants, but it may...

Inflammation Triggers Pain of Knee OA
Source: MedPage Today Surgery [2014.11.20]
(MedPage Today) -- New analysis points to new target to ease pain.

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Ultram (Tramadol)

Comparison of the analgesic effects of oral tramadol and naproxen sodium on pain relief during IUD insertion. [2012]
on pain during insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD)... CONCLUSION: Prophylactic analgesia using 50 mg tramadol and 550 mg naproxen,

Tramadol versus methadone for treatment of opiate withdrawal: a double-blind, randomized, clinical trial. [2012]
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of tramadol versus methadone for treatment of opiate withdrawal. Seventy patients randomly were assigned in two groups to receive either prescribed methadone (60 mg/day) or tramadol (600 mg/day)... Tramadol may be as effective as methadone in the control of withdrawal and could be considered as a potential substitute for methadone to manage opioids withdrawal.

Comparison of peritonsillar infiltration effects of ketamine and tramadol on post tonsillectomy pain: a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. [2012]
on post tonsillectomy pain and compare the side effects... CONCLUSION: Preoperative peritonsillar infiltration of tramadol can decrease

Evaluation of analgesic efficacy of intra-articular bupivacaine, bupivacaine plus fentanyl, and bupivacaine plus tramadol after arthroscopic knee surgery. [2011.12]
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of intra-articular (IA) bupivacaine, bupivacaine-fentanyl, and bupivacaine-tramadol for relief of postoperative pain after arthroscopic knee surgery... CONCLUSIONS: On the primary outcome measure (VAS pain score), both bupivacaine with fentanyl and bupivacaine with tramadol were better than IA bupivacaine, and bupivacaine with fentanyl was better than that with tramadol. However, both the combinations were comparable to each other with regard to the secondary outcome measure (supplementary analgesic requirement). Thus IA bupivacaine-fentanyl appears to be the best combination for relief of postoperative pain in patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery, followed by IA bupivacaine-tramadol. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, randomized controlled trial. Copyright (c) 2011 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Wound Infiltration with Bupivacaine and Intramuscular Diclofenac Reduces Postoperative Tramadol Consumption in Patients Undergoing Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy: A Prospective, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized Study. [2011.12]
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of wound infiltration with bupivacaine and i.m. diclofenac administration on patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) tramadol consumptions and postoperative pain in patients who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) under general anesthesia. Previous studies have found only limited or no benefits of local anesthetics for postoperative opioid consumption and pain relief after RRP... CONCLUSIONS: This prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study demonstrated that wound infiltration with bupivacaine during surgical closure combined with i.m. diclofenac administration might decrease in 24 hours with PCA tramadol consumption in patients who underwent RRP under general anesthesia. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Clinical Trials Related to Ultram (Tramadol)

CYTRAM (Cytochrome P450, Tramadol) [Recruiting]
Many methods to detect CYP2D6 poor metabolizers have been validated. Some of them are based on phenotyping (metabolism of dextromethorphan or debrisoquine) and some others on genotyping. Up to now, CYP2D6 pharmacogenetics has been restricted to the field of research, in spite of poor metabolizer profile concerns 5 to 10 % of caucasian population. Nevertheless, the polymorphism of CYP2D6 is responsible for the metabolism of many drugs, particularly of two opioids involved in pain management: codeine and tramadol, their metabolites representing the most effective part of the drug effect. So prescribing codeine or tramadol in a patient poor metabolizer for the CYP2D6 is likely to be ineffective in pain management.

O-demethyl-tramadol, the metabolite of tramadol via CYP2D6, is important to consider because its analgesic effect is 2 to 4 times more potent than tramadol.

The investigators propose to phenotype CYP2D6 in post-operative patients treated by tramadol by monitoring seric concentrations of O-demethyl tramadol and tramadol to make a ratio in comparison with genotype, and to find a threshold to determine poor metabolizers. As already described, genotyping CYP2D6 will use a rapid detection method of the alleles implicated in poor metabolizer status (CYP2D6*3, *4, *5 et *6) in a Caucasian population. Sampling will be executed at two times (H24 and H48 after surgery) and only with blood (three EDTA tubes) during the post-operative monitoring of the patients. This study is likely to include 320 post-operative patients treated with intravenous tramadol during one year in three university hospitals centers (CHU of Caen, Créteil and Rouen).

The first aim of this study is the validation of monitoring seric concentrations of O-demethyl-tramadol and tramadol to make the ratio in order to detect CYP2D6 poor metabolizers in therapeutic situation, comparing the result with genotyping. The finding of a poor metabolizer status in a patient will make the choice of analgesic drugs easier, avoiding tramadol and codeine. The final objective of this research is to be able to determine the CYP2D6 phenotype in a patient treated by tramadol without a good analgesia. By a single take of blood and a rapid response, this method should be liked to improve pain management. Furthermore, CYP2D6 phenotyping is interesting for the patient because many other drugs depend on this way of metabolism.

A Comparison of the Effectiveness and Safety of ULTRACET® (Tramadol Hydrochloride/Acetaminophen) Versus ULTRAM® (Tramadol Hydrochloride) Versus Placebo in Patients With Pain After Oral Surgery [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to explore the pain-relieving effects and safety of two analgesic treatment regimens as compared to placebo in patients experiencing pain after oral surgery. Tramadol hydrochloride/acetaminophen is approved to treat acute pain. This study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of tramadol hydrochloride/acetaminophen compared with tramadol hydrochloride alone compared with placebo as a pain medication in the treatment of pain following oral surgery.

A Comparison of Postoperative Tramadol Versus Acetaminophen With Codeine in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy [Recruiting]
Tonsillectomy is the most common pediatric surgical procedure performed in the US. The postoperative period can be particularly painful. Codeine (usually in mixed formulation with acetaminophen) is the most commonly prescribed opioid in the US. However, evolving data questions its ability to provide optimal pain relief, while avoiding side effects, especially in the postoperative setting. Tramadol may be a better option for children in the postoperative setting due to its well-documented analgesic properties, low potential for side effects, and excellent safety profile. Seventy-two children scheduled to undergo tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) at Children's will be invited to participate in a randomized, prospective, double-blinded study to evaluate the efficacy and side effects of codeine with acetaminophen versus tramadol. Using a 10-day take-home diary, caregivers will be asked to record daily information about their child's postoperative pain and other core outcomes and domains as recommended in the recent consensus statement put forth by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) (McGrath et al., 2008). This study will offer new information regarding the efficacy and side effects associated with tramadol as compared with codeine/acetaminophen (the current practice standard) in a pediatric population.


H1: Children who receive scheduled tramadol following tonsillectomy will report better pain control than children who receive scheduled codeine/acetaminophen.

H2: Children who receive scheduled tramadol following tonsillectomy will report fewer side effects than children who receive scheduled codeine/acetaminophen.

Comparison of Tramadol Orally Versus an Optimized Dose of Intravenous Tramadol for Postoperative Pain Relief in Ambulatory Surgery [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to compare the administration of 1 unit dose of 50 mg tramadol perorally given in 3 unit dosages versus tramadol IV given in 3 unit dosage of 35 mg during the first 6 hours postoperatively and to investigate the time course and accuracy of pain relief versus the onset and duration of side effects. The first unit dose will be administered at arrival at the PACU when a Visual Analogue Pain (VAS) score of more than 3 is reached. The second and third unit dose will be administered after 1 and 2 hours, respectively, when a VAS of more than 3 is observed.

Tramadol Extended-Release (ER) for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) [Recruiting]
This is a six-week pilot study testing the efficacy of tramadol extended-release (ER) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Men and women aged 21-55 years with combat-related PTSD (n=20) or PTSD resulting from a civilian trauma (n=20) will be recruited. Blinded tramadol ER will begin with a 100 mg daily dose for the first week, with an option to increase to 200 mg/day for the 2nd week. Dose adjustments, using a range of 100-300 mg tramadol ER per day (or 1 to 3 placebo tabs), are permitted thereafter. The primary hypothesis is that tramadol ER 100 to 300 mg every morning for 6 weeks will reduce the symptoms of PTSD relative to placebo. The primary outcome measures will be PTSD symptoms as rated by the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and Clinicians Global Impressions scale at baseline and weeks one, two, four, and six. Assignment to blinded medication arms will be stratified to ensure equivalence of the two arms (men and women, military and civilian trauma).

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Ultram (Tramadol) Side Effects

Drug Ineffective (24)Multiple Drug Overdose (21)Toxicity TO Various Agents (20)Convulsion (19)Drug Hypersensitivity (18)Nausea (17)Vomiting (15)Pain (12)Loss of Consciousness (11)Malaise (11)more >>


Based on a total of 17 ratings/reviews, Ultram has an overall score of 6.94. The effectiveness score is 7.88 and the side effect score is 7.53. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst. Below are selected reviews: the highest, the median and the lowest rated.

Ultram review by 55 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   arthritis pain
Dosage & duration:   100 mg taken twice a day for the period of 2 years now
Other conditions:   menopause
Other drugs taken:   hormone replacement therapy
Reported Results
Benefits:   I stayed loose and limber throughout the day. Didn't end up limping at the end of the day or after a 30 min car ride. It made me feel like I was in my 30's again instead of my 50's. It enables me to do yoga moves which I could not do because of the pain. It's changed my life. None of the side effects that narcotic pain relievers give. No tiredness or spaciness
Side effects:   At first, it caused itching, but now I don't have that. If I take it close to bedtime, I can't sleep.
Comments:   two 50 mg tabs twice a day. Usually at 0900 and 1700


Ultram review by 38 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Considerably Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   budging disk in neck
Dosage & duration:   50 mg 1-2 taken 1 time for the period of 3 weeks
Other conditions:   Fibro
Other drugs taken:   Cymbalta, Thyroid meds,Lamictal
Reported Results
Benefits:   For the most part the pain was taken away just enough that I could function. I like that it's not a narcotic, yet gives some of the benefits of one.
Side effects:   Because it only took away part of the pain I thought it would be OK to take 2 more tablets. That was a really bad idea. I started to feel pressure in my head, I felt like I was going to faint, my lips started to tingle. The worst effect though was that about 3 min after my heart started going extremely fast then started skipping over and over. It was very scary. I then read that a person can die from and overdose. I feel like I dodged death. Very important! take this as prescribed.
Comments:   This med was the drug of choice for me since I am in recovery for alcohol.


Ultram review by 44 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   headaches
Dosage & duration:   1 50mg 4 to 6 hrs taken daily for the period of ON AND OFF FOR THREE YEARS
Other conditions:   THYROID DISEASE
Other drugs taken:   zoloft and sinthroid
Reported Results
Benefits:   My pain would subside for several hours. The drug gave me a sense of Euphora which allowed me to deal with the pain better. It gave me a comforting sensation and allowed me to sleep good. My mood changed for the better, almost as if I were high.It actually motivated me to do the things i would normally be too lazy to do. This medication put me in a good mood and a carefree mood.
Side effects:   I would have mild itching
Comments:   I began taking this medication as prescribed but it put me in such a good mood I began taking more...and needing more. It works great for anxiety also but when I stopped taking it I had the most horrible withdrawls. I could not sleep. My insides felt like they were jumping. I was awfully tired and depressed. I could not keep my arms and legs still when i sat down. It was horrible. I WAS ADDICTED TO THIS MEDICATION AND I STILL AM. I am still trying to wean off of it. I DO NOT RECOMMEND THIS MEDICINE TO ANYONE. Especially if you've had an addiction problem with any other pain meds. BEWARE!!!!!!!!

See all Ultram reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2014-11-22

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