WARNING: PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY
TYSABRI increases the risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), an opportunistic viral infection of the brain that usually leads to death or severe disability. Cases of PML have been reported in patients taking TYSABRI who were recently or concomitantly treated with immunomodulators or immunosuppressants, as well as in patients receiving TYSABRI as monotherapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ].
- Because of the risk of PML, TYSABRI is available only through a special restricted distribution program called the TOUCH™ Prescribing Program. Under the TOUCH™ Prescribing Program, only prescribers, infusion centers, and pharmacies associated with infusion centers registered with the program are able to prescribe, distribute, or infuse the product. In addition, TYSABRI must be administered only to patients who are enrolled in and meet all the conditions of the TOUCH™ Prescribing Program [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2) ].
- Healthcare professionals should monitor patients on TYSABRI for any new sign or symptom that may be suggestive of PML. TYSABRI dosing should be withheld immediately at the first sign or symptom suggestive of PML. For diagnosis, an evaluation that includes a gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain and, when indicated, cerebrospinal fluid analysis for JC viral DNA are recommended [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ].
TYSABRI (natalizumab) is a recombinant humanized IgG4κ monoclonal antibody produced in murine myeloma cells. Natalizumab contains human framework regions and the complementarity-determining regions of a murine antibody that binds to α4-integrin.
TYSABRI (natalizumab) is indicated for the following:
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
TYSABRI is indicated as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis to delay the accumulation of physical disability and reduce the frequency of clinical exacerbations. The safety and efficacy of TYSABRI beyond two years are unknown.
Because TYSABRI increases the risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), an opportunistic viral infection of the brain that usually leads to death or severe disability, TYSABRI is generally recommended for patients who have had an inadequate response to, or are unable to tolerate, alternate multiple sclerosis therapies [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ].
Safety and efficacy in patients with chronic progressive multiple sclerosis have not been studied.
Crohn's Disease (CD)
TYSABRI is indicated for inducing and maintaining clinical response and remission in adult patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease with evidence of inflammation who have had an inadequate response to, or are unable to tolerate, conventional CD therapies and inhibitors of TNF-α. TYSABRI should not be used in combination with immunosuppressants (e.g., 6-mercaptopurine, azathioprine, cyclosporine, or methotrexate) or inhibitors of TNF-α [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ].
Media Articles Related to Tysabri (Natalizumab)
Obesity and birth control pills may increase risk of multiple sclerosis
Source: Health News from Medical News Today [2014.02.28]
Approximately 2.5 million people worldwide are living with multiple sclerosis and 200 people are diagnosed with the disease every day. Now, two new studies suggest that the "obesity hormone" leptin and hormones used in birth control pills may increase the risk of multiple sclerosis.The findings will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA, in April.Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system. Onset of the condition is most common between the ages of 20 and 40.
In multiple sclerosis, antibodies detected years before symptoms
Source: Multiple Sclerosis News From Medical News Today [2014.02.25]
Results of a small study suggest it may be possible, by detecting the presence of a blood biomarker, to predict whether a person is going to develop multiple sclerosis long before symptoms of the disease emerge.
Task meaningfulness influences learning and memory in multiple sclerosis
Source: Multiple Sclerosis News From Medical News Today [2014.02.25]
Kessler Foundation researchers have found that among persons with multiple sclerosis, self-generation may be influenced by variables such as task meaningfulness during learning and memory. They also found that type of task (functional versus laboratory) had a significant effect on memory.
Autologous stem cell transplant in multiple sclerosis leads to extensive renewal of the T cell repertoire
Source: Multiple Sclerosis News From Medical News Today [2014.02.19]
A new study describes the complexity of the new T cell repertoire following immune-depleting therapy to treat multiple sclerosis, improving our understanding of immune tolerance and clinical outcomes.
Protein identified that has potential to repair damaged brain tissue in multiple sclerosis
Source: Multiple Sclerosis News From Medical News Today [2014.02.11]
Vittorio Gallo, PhD, Director of the Center for Neuroscience Research at Children's National Health System, and other researchers have found a "potentially novel therapeutic target" to reduce the rate of deterioration and to promote growth of brain cells damaged by multiple sclerosis (MS).
Published Studies Related to Tysabri (Natalizumab)
Low-contrast acuity measures visual improvement in phase 3 trial of natalizumab
in relapsing MS. 
prespecified tertiary outcome measure in AFFIRM... CONCLUSION: Low-contrast letter acuity detected treatment effects on sustained
Efficacy of natalizumab therapy in patients of African descent with relapsing multiple sclerosis: analysis of AFFIRM and SENTINEL data. [2011.04]
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who are of African descent experience a more aggressive disease course than patients who are of white race/ethnicity. In phase 3 clinical trials (Natalizumab Safety and Efficacy in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis [AFFIRM] and Safety and Efficacy of Natalizumab in Combination With Interferon Beta-1a in Patients With Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis [SENTINEL]), natalizumab use significantly improved clinical and magnetic resonance imaging outcomes over 2 years in patients with relapsing MS. Because patients of African descent may be less responsive to interferon beta treatment than patients of white race/ethnicity, the efficacy of natalizumab therapy in this population is clinically important. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of natalizumab use in patients of African descent with relapsing MS... CONCLUSION: Natalizumab therapy significantly improved the relapse rate and accumulation of brain lesions in patients of African descent with relapsing MS.
Natalizumab plus interferon beta-1a reduces lesion formation in relapsing multiple sclerosis. [2010.05.15]
The SENTINEL study showed that the addition of natalizumab improved outcomes for patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) who had experienced disease activity while receiving interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a) alone... Natalizumab add-on therapy reduced gadolinium-enhancing, T1-hypointense, and T2 MRI lesion activity and slowed brain atrophy progression in patients with relapsing MS who experienced disease activity despite treatment with IFNbeta-1a alone.
Demographic and clinic characteristics of French patients treated with natalizumab in clinical practice. [2010.02]
Natalizumab is the first selective adhesion molecule inhibitor indicated for treatment of active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS)... Tolerability was similar to that observed in AFFIRM.
Multiple sclerosis associated fatigue during natalizumab treatment. [2009.10.15]
OBJECTIVE: To assess multiple sclerosis (MS) associated fatigue after the first 6 months of natalizumab treatment... CONCLUSION: Fatigue and well-being improved after treatment initiation with natalizumab. A randomized controlled trial is necessary to come to definite conclusions as to a potential effect of natalizumab on fatigue in MS.
Clinical Trials Related to Tysabri (Natalizumab)
A Prospective, Open-label, Non-randomized, Clinical Trial to Determine if Natalizumab (Tysabri�) Improves Ambulatory Measures in Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) Patients "TIMER" Study [Recruiting]
The aim of this study is to evaluate the evolution of walking capacity as measured by T100T,
T25FW, MWD and EDSS during the first year of therapy with natalizumab.
A Clinical Study of the Efficacy of Natalizumab on Reducing Disability Progression in Subjects With SPMS [Recruiting]
Phase 3b, multicenter, international, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to
assess the efficacy of natalizumab in approximately 856 SPMS subjects who are exhibiting
disease progression independent of relapses. Subjects will be randomized to receive either
natalizumab 300 mg or placebo intravenously (IV) every 4 weeks (q4wk) for 96 weeks. This
study will be conducted in subjects between the ages of 18 and 58, inclusive, with a
diagnosis of SPMS for at least 2 years, an EDSS score between 3. 0 and 6. 5, inclusive, and
documented evidence of disease progression independent of clinical relapses over the 1 year
prior to enrollment, and who are naïve to natalizumab.
Tysabri Effects on Cognition and Neurodegeneration in Multiple Sclerosis [Recruiting]
The long-term objective is to further establish the role of Tysabri in preventing
neurological degeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS) and to establish powerful and efficient
new markers for neurological degeneration in MS. The study intends to correlate cognition
with two instruments and their measurements-MRI and OCT (optical coherence tomography).
TOP: IMA-06-02 Tysabri Observational Program [Recruiting]
A long term, post-marketing, observational safety and treatment impact study of Tysabri in
patients with Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
NAPS-MS: NAtalizumab Effects on Parameters of Sleep in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis Experiencing Fatigue or Sleepiness [Recruiting]
Reports of Suspected Tysabri (Natalizumab) Side Effects
Multiple Sclerosis Relapse (2537),
Gait Disturbance (1328),
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (1184),
Urinary Tract Infection (1118),
Multiple Sclerosis (1056),
Malaise (1001), more >>
Page last updated: 2014-02-28