THIORIDAZINE HAS BEEN SHOWN TO PROLONG THE QTc INTERVAL IN A DOSE RELATED MANNER, AND DRUGS WITH THIS POTENTIAL, INCLUDING THIORIDAZINE, HAVE BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH TORSADE DE POINTES-TYPE ARRHYTHMIAS AND SUDDEN DEATH. DUE TO ITS POTENTIAL FOR SIGNIFICANT, POSSIBLY LIFE-THREATENING, PROARRHYTHMIC EFFECTS, THIORIDAZINE SHOULD BE RESERVED FOR USE IN THE TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIC PATIENTS WHO FAIL TO SHOW AN ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE TO ADEQUATE COURSES OF TREATMENT WITH OTHER ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS, EITHER BECAUSE OF INSUFFICIENT EFFECTIVENESS OR THE INABILITY TO ACHIEVE AN EFFECTIVE DOSE DUE TO INTOLERABLE ADVERSE EFFECTS FROM THOSE DRUGS. (SEE WARNINGS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, AND INDICATIONS).
THIORIDAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE TABLETS, USP
Thioridazine hydrochloride is 2-methylmercapto-10-[2-(N-methyl-2-piperidyl) ethyl] phenothiazine.
Thioridazine is indicated for the management of schizophrenic patients who fail to respond adequately to treatment with other antipsychotic drugs. Due to the risk of significant, potentially life-threatening, proarrhythmic effects with thioridazine treatment, thioridazine should be used only in patients who have failed to respond adequately to treatment with appropriate courses of other antipsychotic drugs, either because of insufficient effectiveness or the inability to achieve an effective dose due to intolerable adverse effects from those drugs. Consequently, before initiating treatment with thioridazine, it is strongly recommended that a patient be given at least 2 trials, each with a different antipsychotic drug product, at an adequate dose, and for an adequate duration (see WARNINGS and CONTRAINDICATIONS).
However, the prescriber should be aware that thioridazine has not been systematically evaluated in controlled trials in treatment refractory schizophrenic patients and its efficacy in such patients is unknown.
Media Articles Related to Thioridazine
Parkinsonism a Major Mortality Risk Factor in Schizophrenia
Source: Medscape Psychiatry & Mental Health Headlines [2014.03.05]
Patients with schizophrenia have more physical comorbidity, including the novel finding that Parkinsonism is a major risk factor for inhospital mortality in this population.
Medscape Medical News
Community-based care helpful for schizophrenia in low-income countries
Source: Psychology / Psychiatry News From Medical News Today [2014.03.05]
A combination of community- and facility-based treatment for schizophrenia is modestly more effective than facility-based care alone, according to new research published in The Lancet.The study reports the results of the first randomized trial to test community-based care for people with schizophrenia in a low-income country - in this case, India.
Brain region essential for social memory offers a potential target for autism, schizophrenia, other brain disorders
Source: Autism News From Medical News Today [2014.02.25]
Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) researchers have determined that a small region of the hippocampus known as CA2 is essential for social memory, the ability of an animal to recognize another of the same species.
Schizophrenia linked to increased risk of autoimmune diseases
Source: Multiple Sclerosis News From Medical News Today [2014.02.25]
People suffering from schizophrenia are at greater risk of developing autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and multiple sclerosis. This is the conclusion of new research from Aarhus University. It appears that infections play a determining role.
Gathering the clues to rare gene variants contributing to schizophrenia
Source: Schizophrenia News From Medical News Today [2014.02.21]
Schizophrenia has long been known to be highly heritable and is present in approximately 1% of the population. Researchers have been following two paths in their pursuit of identifying schizophrenia risk genes.
Published Studies Related to Thioridazine
Comparison of the effects of thioridazine and mesoridazine on the QT interval in healthy adults after single oral doses. [2007.11]
We compared the effects of single doses of thioridazine and mesoridazine on the heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval in healthy adult volunteers. QTc intervals and plasma concentrations of thioridazine, mesoridazine, and metabolites were measured after single oral doses of thioridazine hydrochloride 50 mg, mesoridazine besylate 50 mg, or placebo in a double-blind, crossover study...
Repeated dosing with donepezil does not affect the safety, tolerability or pharmacokinetics of single-dose thioridazine in young volunteers. [2004.11]
AIM: To investigate the effects of donepezil at steady state on the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of a single dose of thioridazine, in healthy subjects... CONCLUSIONS: Repeated dosing with donepezil, 5 mg daily for 2 weeks, had no significant effect on the safety, tolerability or pharmacokinetics of thioridazine. Thioridazine was poorly tolerated.
Effect of fluoxetine and imipramine on the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of the antipsychotic quetiapine. [2002.04]
The effects of fluoxetine and imipramine on the pharmacokinetics and nonpsychiatric side effect profile of quetiapine fumarate were investigated in 26 patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder in a multicenter, two-period, multiple-dose, open-label, randomized trial.
Psychomotor effects of zaleplon and thioridazine coadministration. [2000.06]
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interaction of zaleplon and thioridazine administered concomitantly in healthy volunteers... CONCLUSION: The results of single-dose administration showed an additive pharmacodynamic interaction between zaleplon and thioridazine at 1 h in one of four tests and supra-additivity for 4 h in another test. This interaction is relatively short in duration due to the short half-life of zaleplon.
Withdrawal of haloperidol, thioridazine, and lorazepam in the nursing home: a controlled, double-blind study. [1999.08.09]
BACKGROUND: Ongoing regimens of haloperidol, thioridazine, and lorazepam are commonly administered to manage behavior problems in nursing home residents. Nevertheless, there is controversy over whether periodic drug withdrawal should be attempted when those medications are prescribed. This study addressed that issue by examining the effects of discontinuing treatment with haloperidol, thioridazine, and lorazepam among residents of a large suburban nursing home... CONCLUSIONS: Results of this work suggest that longterm use of haloperidol, thioridazine, and lorazepam in nursing homes to manage agitation should be closely monitored for their efficacy. Furthermore, routine attempts at drug withdrawal should be considered for most residents taking psychotropic medication.
Clinical Trials Related to Thioridazine
Feasibility of Thioridazine as a Mobilizing Agent for CD34+ Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells [Recruiting]
This study will investigate the possibility of using the drug thioridazine (also called
Mellaril) to increase the number of certain types of cells moving from the bone marrow to
the circulation in a group of healthy humans. The types of cells we hope to collect are
called CD34+ progenitor, or stem cells. These cells can be used in the laboratory to better
understand a number of diseases and suggest new strategies for therapy. Perhaps the most
important potential application of human stem cells is the generation of cells and tissues
that could be used for cell-based therapies, as a renewable source of replacement cells and
tissues to treat diseases including Alzheimer's diseases, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns,
heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Study With IT-Aided Preventive Program in Schizophrenia [Not yet recruiting]
Information Technology-aided Program of Relapse Prevention in Schizophrenia (ITAREPS) will
decrease the number of hospitalizations in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective
disorder who are treated in the outpatient psychiatric setting, as evidenced by the reduction
of the total number of hospitalizations due to relapse of psychosis at the end of the
12-months follow-up period in the active ITAREPS group compared to the control
Changes in Heart Rhythms Associated With Antipsychotic Drug Treatment [Recruiting]
This study is being done to look at the electrical activity of the heart. This study will
help decide whether taking recordings for a 24-hour period gives more useful information
than recording it for a few seconds in a doctor's office. The study will compare 24 hour ECG
results of patients taking thioridazine (Mellaril) to those of other patients taking
different medications that took part in another study.
Reducing Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain in Children With Metformin [Recruiting]
Recent but limited short term studies have shown that Metformin can slow down weight gain in
obese children and in children with psychotropic-induced weight gain, two distinct pediatric
populations that are at risk for obesity related co-morbid conditions. The purpose of this
study is to conduct a long term prospective pilot cohort study to investigate the use of
Metformin to prevent or decrease weight gain in two cohorts of children: 1) children with
psychotropic induced weight gain on Metformin and 2) children with BMI above the 95th
percentile on Metformin. Both study populations will be enrolled in a lifestyle weight
Page last updated: 2014-03-05