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Teslac (Testolactone) - Summary

 
 



TESLAC SUMMARY

TESLAC®
(testolactone tablets, USP)

TESLAC® (testolactone tablets, USP) is available for oral administration as tablets providing 50 mg testolactone per tablet. Testolactone is a synthetic antineoplastic agent that is structurally distinct from the androgen steroid nucleus in possessing a six-membered lactone ring in place of the usual five-membered carbocyclic D-ring.

TESLAC (testolactone tablets, USP) is recommended as adjunctive therapy in the palliative treatment of advanced or disseminated breast cancer in postmenopausal women when hormonal therapy is indicated. It may also be used in women who were diagnosed as having had disseminated breast carcinoma when premenopausal, in whom ovarian function has been subsequently terminated.

TESLAC (testolactone tablets, USP) was found to be effective in approximately 15 percent of patients with advanced or disseminated mammary cancer evaluated according to the following criteria: 1) those with a measurable decrease in size of all demonstrable tumor masses; 2) those in whom more than 50 percent of non-osseous lesions decreased in size although all bone lesions remained static; and 3) those in whom more than 50 percent of total lesions improved while the remainder were static.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Teslac (Testolactone)

Sertoli cell tumor causing prepubertal gynecomastia in a boy with peutz-jeghers syndrome: the outcome of 1-year treatment with the aromatase inhibitor testolactone. [2005]
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare disorder characterized by benign intestinal hamartomatous polyps and mucocutaneous pigmentation, and with an increased risk for intestinal and extra-intestinal neoplasms. Sertoli cell tumors in boys with PJS have been increasingly recognized as a cause of prepubertal gynecomastia...

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Clinical Trials Related to Teslac (Testolactone)

Testolactone for the Treatment of Girls With LHRH Resistant Precocious Puberty [Completed]
The normal changes of puberty, such as breast enlargement, pubic hair and menstrual periods, usually begin between the ages of 9 and 15 in response to hormones produced in the body. Some children's bodies produce these hormones before the normal age and start puberty too early. This condition is known as precocious puberty.

The hormones responsible for the onset of puberty come from the pituitary gland and the ovaries. The hormones from the pituitary gland act on the ovaries to produce different hormones that cause the breasts to grow, pubic hair to develop, and menstruation.

Many children with precocious puberty can be treated with a medication known as lutenizing hormone-releasing hormone analog (Lupron, Histerelin, Deslorelin). This drug is made in a laboratory and is designed to act like the natural hormone LHRH, which is made in the pituitary gland. The drug causes the pituitary gland to decrease the amount of hormones it is releasing and thereby decrease the amount of hormones released by the ovaries. However, some girls already have low levels of pituitary hormones and yet their ovaries still produce hormones. Researchers do not believe that LHRH analog therapy will work for these children.

Testolactone is a drug that acts directly on the ovary. It works by preventing the last step of estrogen production in the ovary. The goal of this treatment is to stop estrogen production and delay the onset of puberty until the normal age.

Researchers will give patients with LHRHa resistant precocious puberty Testolactone for six months. If the initial treatment is successful and patients do not experience very bad side effects, they will continue to receive the medication until puberty is desired. Throughout the therapy patients will receive frequent monitoring of their general state of health, hormone levels, and medication levels.

Treatment of Boys With Precocious Puberty [Completed]
This study is a continuation of two previous studies conducted at the NIH. The first study , "Treatment of True Precocious Puberty with a Long-Acting Lutenizing Hormone Releasing Hormone Analog (D-Trp(6)-Pro(9)-Net-LHRH)" had less than optimal results. Some patients, all of whom were diagnosed with familial isosexual precocious puberty, had an inadequate response to the medication and were observed to have high levels of testosterone, advanced bone aging, and other complications of the disease. As a result these patients were enrolled in a second study

In the second study, "Spironolactone Treatment for Boys with Familial Isosexual Precocious

Puberty", - the patients received another medication, spironolactone (Aldactone). The drug

blocked the effects of testosterone, - but bone age advancement did not improve. Some

patients began experiencing gynecomastia (an abnormal growth of the male breasts). Researchers believe these may be the effects of elevated levels of estrodiol (a form of the female hormone, estrogen).

In the present study, testolactone is added to the drug regimen to block the production of estrogen. The study therefore uses spironolactone to prevent the action of the male hormones (androgen) and testolactone to block the production of female hormones (estrogen). Deslorelin, an LHRH analog which works by turning off true (central) puberty, is added to the drug regimen once true puberty begins. This is because it is know that boys with familial male precocious puberty go into true puberty too early (despite treatment with spironolactone and testolactone), and when that happens, the spironolactone and testolactone are no longer as effective. The goal of the treatment is to delay sexual development until a more appropriate age and prevent short adult stature (height).

Three Drug Combination Therapy Versus Conventional Treatment of Children With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia [Active, not recruiting]
This study was developed to determine if a combination of four drugs (flutamide, testolactone, reduced hydrocortisone dose, and fludrocortisone) can normalize growth in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

The study will take 60 children, boys and girls and divide them into 2 groups based on the medications given. Group one will receive the new four- drug combination. Group two will receive the standard treatment for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone).

The boys in group one will take the medication until the age of 14 at which time they will stop taking the four drug combination and begin receiving the standard treatment for congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Girls in group one will take the four drug combination until the age of 13, at which time they will stop and begin receiving the standard treatment for congenital adrenal hyperplasia plus flutamide. Flutamide will be given to the girls until six months after their first menstrual period.

All of the children will be followed until they reach their final adult height. The effectiveness of the treatment will be determined by measuring the patient's adult height, body mass index, and bone density.

Sex Steroids and the Serotonin Transporter [Recruiting]
The aim of this study is to prove the influence of the sex steroid hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone on the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) binding using positron emission tomography (PET) and the selective radioligand [11C]DASB. Specifically, the 5-HTT binding will be quantified before and after hormone therapy underwent by 10 male-to-female (MtF) and 10 female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals urging for hormone treatment. The high-level, long-term administration of opsite sex steroid hormones in transsexuals provide the unique opportunity to investigate the influence of sex steroid hormones on the serotonergic system. Since the serotonin transporter serves as a primary target molecule for antidepressant treatment, the results of the study will be of benefit for the assessment of the clinical relevance of estrogen and testosterone as modulatory and neuroactive agents.

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Page last updated: 2007-02-12

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