DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Taxol (Paclitaxel) - Summary

 
 



WARNING

TAXOL® (paclitaxel) should be administered under the supervision of a physician experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Appropriate management of complications is possible only when adequate diagnostic and treatment facilities are readily available.

Anaphylaxis and severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by dyspnea and hypotension requiring treatment, angioedema, and generalized urticaria have occurred in 2 to 4% of patients receiving TAXOL in clinical trials. Fatal reactions have occurred in patients despite premedication. All patients should be pretreated with corticosteroids, diphenhydramine, and H2 antagonists. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.) Patients who experience severe hypersensitivity reactions to TAXOL should not be rechallenged with the drug.

TAXOL therapy should not be given to patients with solid tumors who have baseline neutrophil counts of less than 1500 cells/mm3 and should not be given to patients with AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma if the baseline neutrophil count is less than 1000 cells/mm3. In order to monitor the occurrence of bone marrow suppression, primarily neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, it is recommended that frequent peripheral blood cell counts be performed on all patients receiving TAXOL.

 

TAXOL SUMMARY

TAXOL (paclitaxel) Injection is a clear colorless to slightly yellow viscous solution. It is supplied as a nonaqueous solution intended for dilution with a suitable parenteral fluid prior to intravenous infusion.

TAXOL is indicated as first-line and subsequent therapy for the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the ovary. As first-line therapy, TAXOL is indicated in combination with cisplatin.

TAXOL is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of node-positive breast cancer administered sequentially to standard doxorubicin-containing combination chemotherapy. In the clinical trial, there was an overall favorable effect on disease-free and overall survival in the total population of patients with receptor-positive and receptor-negative tumors, but the benefit has been specifically demonstrated by available data (median follow-up 30 months) only in the patients with estrogen and progesterone receptor-negative tumors. (See CLINICAL STUDIES: Breast Carcinoma.)

TAXOL is indicated for the treatment of breast cancer after failure of combination chemotherapy for metastatic disease or relapse within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Prior therapy should have included an anthracycline unless clinically contraindicated.

TAXOL, in combination with cisplatin, is indicated for the first-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer in patients who are not candidates for potentially curative surgery and/or radiation therapy.

TAXOL is indicated for the second-line treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma.


See all Taxol indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Taxol (Paclitaxel)

Nintedanib in combination with paclitaxel achieves total remission of tumors in 50 percent of HER-2-negative breast cancer patients
Source: Breast Cancer News From Medical News Today [2014.09.14]
The experimental drug nintedanib, combined with standard chemotherapy with paclitaxel, causes a total remission of tumours in 50% of patients suffering from early HER-2- negative breast cancer, the...

Patients with high-risk endometrial cancer benefit from radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy after surgery
Source: Radiology / Nuclear Medicine News From Medical News Today [2014.09.12]
Radiation therapy with concurrent paclitaxel chemotherapy following surgery is an effective treatment for patients with high-risk endometrial cancer, according to a study published in the...

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Taxol (Paclitaxel)

Omega-3 fatty acids are protective against paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy: a randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial. [2012]
proinflammatory cytokines involved in peripheral neuropathy... CONCLUSIONS: Omega-3 fatty acids may be an efficient neuroprotective agent for

BEAM: a randomized phase II study evaluating the activity of bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin plus paclitaxel in patients with previously untreated advanced melanoma. [2012]
metastatic melanoma... CONCLUSION: The study did not meet the primary objective of statistically

Impact of Lesion Length and Vessel Size on Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Everolimus- Versus Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents Pooled Analysis From the SPIRIT (Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System) and COMPARE (Second-generation everolimus-eluting and paclitaxel-eluting stents in real-life practice) Randomized Trials. [2011.11]
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of reference vessel diameter (RVD) and lesion length (LL) on the relative safety and efficacy of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES). BACKGROUND: Lesion length and RVD are well-known predictors of adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention... CONCLUSIONS: Patients with short lesions in large vessels have low rates of MACE at 2 years after treatment with either EES or PES. In higher-risk patients with long lesions and/or small vessels, EES results in significant improvements in both clinical safety and efficacy outcomes. (A Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Patients With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00180310; SPIRIT III: A Clinical Evaluation of the Investigational Device XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System [EECSS] in the Treatment of Subjects With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00180479; SPIRIT IV Clinical Trial: Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Subjects With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00307047; A Randomized Controlled Trial of Everolimus-eluting Stents and Paclitaxel-eluting Stents for Coronary Revascularization in Daily Practice: The COMPARE Trial; NCT01016041). Copyright (c) 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel doublet chemotherapy compared with monotherapy in elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: IFCT-0501 randomised, phase 3 trial. [2011.09.17]
BACKGROUND: Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy is recommended to treat advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in fit, non-elderly adults, but monotherapy is recommended for patients older than 70 years. We compared a carboplatin and paclitaxel doublet chemotherapy regimen with monotherapy in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC... INTERPRETATION: Despite increased toxic effects, platinum-based doublet chemotherapy was associated with survival benefits compared with vinorelbine or gemcitabine monotherapy in elderly patients with NSCLC. We feel that the current treatment paradigm for these patients should be reconsidered. FUNDING: Intergroupe Francophone de Cancerologie Thoracique, Institut National du Cancer. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cationic liposomal paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or gemcitabine alone in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer: a randomized controlled phase II trial. [2011.09.06]
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel embedded in cationic liposomes (EndoTAG-1; ET) is an innovative agent targeting tumor endothelial cells. This randomized controlled phase II trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of ET in combination with gemcitabine (GEM) in advanced pancreatic cancer (PDAC)... CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of advanced PDAC with GEM + ET was generally well tolerated. GEM + ET showed beneficial survival and efficacy. A randomized phase III trial should confirm this positive trend.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Taxol (Paclitaxel)

Comparison of Liposome Entrapped Paclitaxel Easy to Use (LEP-ETU) and Taxol® Pharmacokinetics in Patients With Advanced Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
In this study, Liposome Entrapped Paclitaxel Easy to Use (LEP-ETU) is being compared to Taxol® to examine whether the paclitaxel in these 2 formulations undergoes similar processing by the body. Safety and tolerability of LEP-ETU and Taxol will also be assessed. In this study, each patient will receive one intravenous infusion of LEP-ETU or Taxol, followed 3 weeks later by an infusion of the other drug, at the same dose and infusion duration. Multiple blood samples will be taken for analysis before, during, and after both drug infusions. Upon completing these 2 Cycles of treatment, eligible patients may enroll in an extension study (LEP-ETU-102B) to continue treatment with LEP-ETU.

LEP-ETU is a liposomal formulation of paclitaxel, a widely used anti-cancer drug. This LEP-ETU formulation of paclitaxel is being developed to potentially reduce toxicities associated with Taxol, by eliminating the drug formulation component polyoxyethylated castor oil (Cremophor® EL). In LEP-ETU, paclitaxel is associated with liposomes, which are microscopic membrane-like structures created from lipids (fats). Thus, the LEP-ETU formulation could potentially have reduced toxicity, while maintaining or enhancing efficacy.

Paclitaxel and ABI-007 in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors [Active, not recruiting]
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and ABI-007, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining paclitaxel with ABI-007 may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining paclitaxel with ABI-007 in treating patients who have locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.

Study of Dose-Dense Adriamycin Plus Cytoxan (AC) Followed by Either Abraxane or Taxol With Bevacizumab as Adjuvant Therapy for Patients With Breast Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
The primary objective of this study is to compare the safety of dose-dense Abraxane 260 mg/m^2 or Taxol 175 mg/m^2 given every 2 weeks following dose-dense AC chemotherapy. Bevacizumab will be administered at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks throughout chemotherapy, and then at 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks following chemotherapy.

ABI-007 in Taxol Resistant Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer [Completed]
The anticancer agent paclitaxel (marketed as Taxol) has shown remarkable activity against metastatic breast cancer. However, the Taxol formulation requires prolonged administration times, and there are safety problems that have been attributed to the solvent rather than the active ingredient, paclitaxel. This is a new formulation of paclitaxel that has been found to have fewer safety problems than Taxol, and may be administered safely at higher doses. This study will investigate the safety and efficacy of this new formulation of paclitaxel given intravenously once a week for three weeks, followed by a rest week. This cycle will be repeated until safety problems or treatment failure require that the patient stop therapy.

Neoadjuvant Therapy With Herceptin and Taxol for Breast Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of administering Herceptin in combination with Taxol (paclitaxel) in the treatment of women with HER2-positive, early stage breast cancer prior to surgery.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Taxol (Paclitaxel) Side Effects

Nausea (100)Vomiting (80)Dehydration (76)Anaemia (72)Neutropenia (68)Diarrhoea (66)Fatigue (58)Dyspnoea (57)Febrile Neutropenia (54)Asthenia (53)more >>


Page last updated: 2014-09-14

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2014