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Tasigna (Nilotinib) - Summary

 
 



WARNING: QT PROLONGATION AND SUDDEN DEATHS

Tasigna prolongs the QT interv al (5.2) . Sudden deaths have been reported in patients receiving nilotinib (5.3) . Tasigna should not be used in patients with hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or long QT syndrome (4) . Hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia must be corrected prior to Tasigna administration and sh ould be periodically monitored (5.2) . Drugs known to prolong the QT interval and strong CYP3A4 inhibitors should be avoided (5.7) . Patients should avoid food 2 hours befo re and 1 hour after taking dose (5.8) . Use with caution in patients wi th hepatic impairment (5. 9 ) . ECGs should be obtained to monitor the QTc at baseline, seven days after initiation, and periodically thereafter, as well as following any dose adjustments . (5.2, 5.3, 5.6, 5.12)

 

TASIGNA SUMMARY

Tasigna (nilotinib) belongs to a pharmacologic class of drugs known as kinase inhibitors.

Tasigna (nilotinib) is indicated for the treatment of chronic phase and accelerated phase Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in adult patients resistant or intolerant to prior therapy that included imatinib. The effectiveness of Tasigna is based on hematologic and cytogenetic response rates [ See Clinical Studies (14)]. There are no controlled trials demonstrating a clinical benefit, such as improvement in disease-related symptoms or increased survival.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Tasigna (Nilotinib)

Researchers find open chromatin profiling key to identifying leukemia cells of origin
Source: Cancer / Oncology News From Medical News Today [2016.07.12]
Every cancer starts with a single cell, and Jackson Laboratory (JAX) researchers have found a precise and reliable way - whole-genome profiling of open chromatin - to identify the kind of cell that...

Relapse of leukemia after bone marrow transplantation: Cytomegalovirus infection has no protective effect
Source: Lymphoma / Leukemia / Myeloma News From Medical News Today [2016.06.28]
Recent studies on a small number of patients with leukemia treated with bone marrow transplantation have suggested that the presence of the common cytomegalovirus (CMV) in patients or their donors...

Aggressiveness of acute myeloid leukemia elucidated
Source: Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today [2016.06.27]
Scientists at the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research (FMI) and the University of Basel have discovered why acute leukemias with the same genetic abnormality vary in their...

TKIs associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia
Source: Lymphoma / Leukemia / Myeloma News From Medical News Today [2016.06.14]
Patients taking tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) face an increased risk for arterial and venous vascular events.

Texan is first adult in U.S. to receive updated stem cell transplant for leukemia treatment
Source: Lymphoma / Leukemia / Myeloma News From Medical News Today [2016.06.14]
Texan Chuck Dandridge became the first adult in the U.S. to receive a newly modified stem cell transplant that uses genetically engineered blood cells from a family member, announced researchers at...

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Published Studies Related to Tasigna (Nilotinib)

Nilotinib versus imatinib for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed chronic phase, Philadelphia chromosome-positive, chronic myeloid leukaemia: 24-month minimum follow-up of the phase 3 randomised ENESTnd trial. [2011.09]
BACKGROUND: Nilotinib has shown greater efficacy than imatinib in patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in chronic phase after a minimum follow-up of 12 months. We present data from the Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in clinical Trials-newly diagnosed patients (ENESTnd) study after a minimum follow-up of 24 months... INTERPRETATION: Nilotinib continues to show better efficacy than imatinib for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed CML in chronic phase. These results support nilotinib as a first-line treatment option for patients with newly diagnosed disease. FUNDING: Novartis. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Comparative efficacy of nilotinib and dasatinib in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia: a matching-adjusted indirect comparison of randomized trials. [2011.06]
OBJECTIVE: Nilotinib and dasatinib have not been directly compared in a randomized trial for the treatment of newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP). The purpose of this study was to indirectly compare rates of major molecular response (MMR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival by month 12 with nilotinib and dasatinib treatment of newly diagnosed CML-CP... CONCLUSION: Nilotinib was associated with significantly higher rates of MMR and overall survival compared with dasatinib by month 12 in the treatment of newly diagnosed CML-CP.

Nilotinib as frontline therapy for patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase: results from the Japanese subgroup of ENESTnd. [2011.05]
Recent results from the phase 3 ENESTnd (Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in Clinical Trials-Newly Diagnosed Patients) study have demonstrated superiority of nilotinib over imatinib for the treatment of newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP)...

Nilotinib: evaluation and analysis of its role in chronic myeloid leukemia. [2011.02]
Nilotinib, formally known as AMN107, is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, rationally designed from its revolutionary parent compound imatinib, to produce a 30-40-fold enhancement in the inhibition of the BCR-ABL1-derived oncoprotein associated with chronic myeloid leukemia... With the emergence of supportive trial data, it is likely to have a leading role both in the front-line management of newly presenting patients and in the second-line treatment of patients resistant to or intolerant of imatinib and other second-line agents.

Effects of nilotinib on single-dose warfarin pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics: a randomized, single-blind, two-period crossover study in healthy subjects. [2011]
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nilotinib (Tasigna(R)), a highly selective and potent BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP) and the accelerated phase (CML-AP) in patients resistant or intolerant to prior therapy, including imatinib. Nilotinib has shown competitive inhibition of cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP) 2C9 in vitro, but its effect on CYP2C9 activity in humans is unknown. This study evaluated the effects of nilotinib on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin, a sensitive CYP2C9 substrate, in healthy subjects... CONCLUSION: The study results demonstrate that nilotinib has no effect on single-dose warfarin pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. This implies that nilotinib is unlikely to inhibit CYP2C9 activity in human subjects. These findings suggest that warfarin and nilotinib may be used concurrently as needed.

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Reports of Suspected Tasigna (Nilotinib) Side Effects

Fatigue (185)Nausea (175)Death (167)Dyspnoea (166)Rash (153)Pruritus (134)Electrocardiogram QT Prolonged (126)Pyrexia (120)Headache (110)Neoplasm Malignant (110)more >>


Page last updated: 2016-07-12

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