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Tagamet (Cimetidine Hydrochloride) - Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

 
 



ADVERSE REACTIONS

Adverse effects reported in patients taking Tagamet are described below by body system. Incidence figures of 1 in 100 and greater are generally derived from controlled clinical studies.

Gastrointestinal:   Diarrhea (usually mild) has been reported in approximately 1 in 100 patients.

CNS:   Headaches, ranging from mild to severe, have been reported in 3.5% of 924 patients taking 1600 mg/day, 2.1% of 2,225 patients taking 800 mg/day and 2.3% of 1,897 patients taking placebo. Dizziness and somnolence (usually mild) have been reported in approximately 1 in 100 patients on either 1600 mg/day or 800 mg/day.

Reversible confusional states, e.g., mental confusion, agitation, psychosis, depression, anxiety, hallucinations, disorientation, have been reported predominantly, but not exclusively, in severely ill patients. They have usually developed within 2 to 3 days of initiation of Tagamet therapy and have cleared within 3 to 4 days of discontinuation of the drug.

Endocrine:   Gynecomastia has been reported in patients treated for 1 month or longer. In patients being treated for pathological hypersecretory states, this occurred in about 4% of cases while in all others the incidence was 0.3% to 1% in various studies. No evidence of induced endocrine dysfunction was found, and the condition remained unchanged or returned toward normal with continuing Tagamet (cimetidine) treatment.

Reversible impotence has been reported in patients with pathological hypersecretory disorders, e.g., Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, receiving Tagamet, particularly in high doses, for at least 12 months (range 12 to 79 months, mean 38 months). However, in large-scale surveillance studies at regular dosage, the incidence has not exceeded that commonly reported in the general population.

Hematologic:   Decreased white blood cell counts in Tagamet -treated patients (approximately 1 per 100,000 patients), including agranulocytosis (approximately 3 per million patients), have been reported, including a few reports of recurrence on rechallenge. Most of these reports were in patients who had serious concomitant illnesses and received drugs and/or treatment known to produce neutropenia. Thrombocytopenia (approximately 3 per million patients) and, very rarely, cases of pancytopenia or aplastic anemia have also been reported. As with some other H2-receptor antagonists, there have been extremely rare reports of immune hemolytic anemia.

Hepatobiliary:   Dose-related increases in serum transaminase have been reported. In most cases they did not progress with continued therapy and returned to normal at the end of therapy. There have been rare reports of cholestatic or mixed cholestatic-hepatocellular effects. These were usually reversible. Because of the predominance of cholestatic features, severe parenchymal injury is considered highly unlikely. However, as in the occasional liver injury with other H2-receptor antagonists, in exceedingly rare circumstances fatal outcomes have been reported.

There has been reported a single case of biopsy-proven periportal hepatic fibrosis in a patient receiving Tagamet.

Rare cases of pancreatitis, which cleared on withdrawal of the drug, have been reported.

Hypersensitivity:   Rare cases of fever and allergic reactions including anaphylaxis and hypersensitivity vasculitis, which cleared on withdrawal of the drug, have been reported.

Renal:   Small, possibly dose-related increases in plasma creatinine, presumably due to competition for renal tubular secretion, are not uncommon and do not signify deteriorating renal function. Rare cases of interstitial nephritis and urinary retention, which cleared on withdrawal of the drug, have been reported.

Cardiovascular:   Rare cases of bradycardia, tachycardia and A-V heart block have been reported with H2-receptor antagonists.

Musculoskeletal:   There have been rare reports of reversible arthralgia and myalgia; exacerbation of joint symptoms in patients with preexisting arthritis has also been reported. Such symptoms have usually been alleviated by a reduction in Tagamet (cimetidine) dosage. Rare cases of polymyositis have been reported, but no causal relationship has been established.

Integumental:   Mild rash and, very rarely, cases of severe generalized skin reactions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, epidermal necrolysis, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis and generalized exfoliative erythroderma have been reported with H2-receptor antagonists. Reversible alopecia has been reported very rarely.

Immune Function: There have been extremely rare reports of strongyloidiasis hyperinfection in immunocompromised patients.



REPORTS OF SUSPECTED TAGAMET SIDE EFFECTS / ADVERSE REACTIONS

Below is a sample of reports where side effects / adverse reactions may be related to Tagamet. The information is not vetted and should not be considered as verified clinical evidence.

Possible Tagamet side effects / adverse reactions in 77 year old male

Reported by a physician from Japan on 2011-11-15

Patient: 77 year old male

Reactions: Renal Failure Chronic

Adverse event resulted in: disablity

Suspect drug(s):
Rapaflo
    Dosage: 4 mg, daily
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Dysuria
    Start date: 2008-02-12
    End date: 2010-10-25

Krestin
    Dosage: unk
    Indication: Gastric Cancer

Tagamet
    Dosage: unk
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Gastric Cancer

UFT
    Dosage: unk
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Gastric Cancer



Possible Tagamet side effects / adverse reactions in 38 year old male

Reported by a health professional (non-physician/pharmacist) from United States on 2011-11-23

Patient: 38 year old male weighing 68.0 kg (149.7 pounds)

Reactions: Product Quality Issue

Suspect drug(s):
Tagamet



Possible Tagamet side effects / adverse reactions in 35 year old female

Reported by a physician from Japan on 2012-03-13

Patient: 35 year old female weighing 60.0 kg (132.0 pounds)

Reactions: Increased Appetite, Drug Ineffective, Abortion Missed, Blood Cholesterol Increased, Muscle Spasms, White Blood Cell Count Decreased, Blood Pressure Increased, Maternal Exposure During Pregnancy, Condition Aggravated, Glucose Urine Present, Irritability, Immunosuppressant Drug Level Decreased, Renal Impairment, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Lupus Nephritis, Platelet Count Decreased, Pregnancy

Adverse event resulted in: hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Tacrolimus
    Dosage: 3 mg, unknown/d, oral; 2 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2007-04-19
    End date: 2007-05-30

Tacrolimus
    Dosage: 3 mg, unknown/d, oral; 2 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2007-05-31

Losartan Potassium
    Dosage: 25 mg, unknown/d, oral; 50 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Start date: 2008-03-05
    End date: 2009-09-11

Losartan Potassium
    Dosage: 25 mg, unknown/d, oral; 50 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    End date: 2008-03-04

ONE-Alpha (Alfacalcidol) PER Oral NOS
    Dosage: 0.5 ug, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral

Lipitor
    Dosage: 5 mg, unknown/d, oral; 10 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Start date: 2011-09-12

Lipitor
    Dosage: 5 mg, unknown/d, oral; 10 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    End date: 2009-09-11

Tagamet
    Dosage: 200 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    End date: 2008-03-09

Isoniazid
    Dosage: 300 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Start date: 2008-02-29
    End date: 2008-07-11

Remicade
    Dosage: 200 mg, unknown/d, oral; 200 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2008-03-14

Remicade
    Dosage: 200 mg, unknown/d, oral; 200 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2008-04-10

Remicade
    Dosage: 200 mg, unknown/d, oral
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2008-02-29

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2009-02-13
    End date: 2009-08-07

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2009-10-10
    End date: 2009-11-06

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    End date: 2007-08-16

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2007-08-17
    End date: 2007-12-06

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2008-01-05
    End date: 2008-05-08

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2008-05-09
    End date: 2008-07-11

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2007-12-07
    End date: 2008-01-04

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2008-07-12
    End date: 2009-02-12

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2009-08-08
    End date: 2009-10-09

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2009-11-07
    End date: 2010-01-15

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2010-01-16
    End date: 2010-04-02

Prednisolone
    Dosage: see image
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Lupus Nephritis
    Start date: 2010-04-03

Other drugs received by patient: Losartan Potassium and Hydrochlorothiazide



See index of all Tagamet side effect reports >>

Drug label data at the top of this Page last updated: 2006-08-28

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