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Tabloid (Thioguanine) - Summary

 
 



TABLOID SUMMARY

PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
TABLOID®
brand Thioguanine
40-mg Scored Tablets

TABLOID brand Thioguanine was synthesized and developed by Hitchings, Elion, and associates at the Wellcome Research Laboratories. It is one of a large series of purine analogues which interfere with nucleic acid biosynthesis, and has been found active against selected human neoplastic diseases.

  1. Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemias: TABLOID brand Thioguanine is indicated for remission induction, remission consolidation, and maintenance therapy of acute nonlymphocytic leukemias. The response to this agent depends upon the age of the patient (younger patients faring better than older) and whether thioguanine is used in previously treated or previously untreated patients. Reliance upon thioguanine alone is seldom justified for initial remission induction of acute nonlymphocytic leukemias because combination chemotherapy including thioguanine results in more frequent remission induction and longer duration of remission than thioguanine alone.
  2. Other Neoplasms: TABLOID brand Thioguanine is not effective in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or solid tumors. Although thioguanine is one of several agents with activity in the treatment of the chronic phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia, more objective responses are observed with MYLERAN® (busulfan), and therefore busulfan is usually regarded as the preferred drug.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Tabloid (Thioguanine)

Thiopurine maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis: the clinical significance of monitoring 6-thioguanine nucleotide. [2010.08]
BACKGROUND: 6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) is an effective maintenance medication in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), but toxic effects like myelosuppression limit its clinical benefit. In the blood, 6-thioguanine (6-TGN) is formed from 6-MP and mediates the therapeutic efficacy and most of the toxicities of 6-MP. The level of 6-TGN depends on the activity of thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT), inherited as 1 of its 3 polymorphic forms with low, moderate, or normal/high activity. Accordingly, the 6-MP dose needs to be pharmacogenetically guided... CONCLUSIONS: By regularly measuring RBC 6-TGN in patients with quiescent UC receiving 6-MP as maintenance therapy, we could monitor bone marrow suppression as well as other toxic side effects. Potentially, this strategy should enable physicians to avoid thiopurine-related adverse effects and identify individuals who may benefit most from 6-MP maintenance therapy.

Oral 6-mercaptopurine versus oral 6-thioguanine and veno-occlusive disease in children with standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia: report of the Children's Oncology Group CCG-1952 clinical trial. [2010.04.08]
The Children's Cancer Group 1952 (CCG-1952) clinical trial studied the substitution of oral 6-thioguanine (TG) for 6-mercaptopurine (MP) and triple intrathecal therapy (ITT) for intrathecal methotrexate (IT-MTX) in the treatment of standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia...

6-thioguanine nucleotide-adapted azathioprine therapy does not lead to higher remission rates than standard therapy in chronic active crohn disease: results from a randomized, controlled, open trial. [2007.07]
BACKGROUND: A prospective randomized trial in patients with Crohn disease studied whether 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN) concentration-adapted azathioprine (AZA) therapy is clinically superior to a standard dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day AZA... CONCLUSION: Standard and adapted dosing with the provided dosing scheme led to identical 6-TGN concentrations and remission rates. Adapted dosing had no apparent clinical benefit for patients with TPMT activity between 8 and 20 nmol/(mL Ery x h). Additionally, 6-MMP monitoring had no predictive value for hepatotoxicity.

6-Thioguanine Nucleotide-Adapted Azathioprine Therapy Does Not Lead to Higher Remission Rates Than Standard Therapy in Chronic Active Crohn Disease: Results from a Randomized, Controlled, Open Trial. [2007.05.10]
BACKGROUND: A prospective randomized trial in patients with Crohn disease studied whether 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN) concentration-adapted azathioprine (AZA) therapy is clinically superior to a standard dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day AZA... CONCLUSION: Standard and adapted dosing with the provided dosing scheme led to identical 6-TGN concentrations and remission rates. Adapted dosing had no apparent clinical benefit for patients with TPMT activity between 8 and 20 nmol/(mL Ery x h). Additionally, 6-MMP monitoring had no predictive value for hepatotoxicity.

Toxicity and efficacy of 6-thioguanine versus 6-mercaptopurine in childhood lymphoblastic leukaemia: a randomised trial. [2006.10.14]
BACKGROUND: 6-mercaptopurine has been a standard component of long-term continuing treatment for childhood lymphoblastic leukaemia, whereas 6-thioguanine has been mainly used for intensification courses. Since preliminary data have shown that 6-thioguanine is more effective than 6-mercaptopurine, we compared the efficacy and toxicity of the two drugs for childhood lymphoblastic leukaemia... INTERPRETATION: Compared with 6-mercaptopurine, 6-thioguanine causes excess toxicity without an overall benefit. 6-mercaptopurine should remain the thiopurine of choice for continuing therapy of childhood lymphoblastic leukaemia.

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Clinical Trials Related to Tabloid (Thioguanine)

Sequential Administration of Oral 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) After Methotrexate (MTX) in Patients With Relapsed Hodgkin's Disease (Phase II) [Active, not recruiting]
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of complete and partial response and the duration of respons in patients with recurrent or resistant hodgkin's disease (HD) treated with sequential administration of oral 6-Thioguanin (6-TG) after IV Methotrexate (MTX).

Study of Sequential Administration of Oral 6-Thioguanine After Methotrexate in Patients With LCH [Active, not recruiting]
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of complete and partial response and the duration of response in patients with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) treated with sequential administration of oral 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) after Methotrexate (MTX).

6-TG, Capecitabine and Celecoxib Plus TMZ or CCNU for Anaplastic Glioma Patients [Recruiting]
Primary Objectives:

- To determine the efficacy, as measured by 12 month progression-free survival, of

Temozolomide or CCNU with 6-Thioguanine followed by Capecitabine and Celecoxib in the treatment of patients with recurrent and/or progressive anaplastic gliomas or glioblastoma multiforme.

- To determine the long-term toxicity of Temozolomide or CCNU with 6-Thioguanine followed

by Capecitabine and Celecoxib in recurrent anaplastic glioma or glioblastoma multiforme patients treated in this manner.

- To determine the clinical relevance of genetic subtyping tumors as a predictor of

response to this chemotherapy and long term survival.

Augmented Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster (BFM) Therapy for Adolescent/Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Acute Lymphoblastic Lymphoma [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if augmented Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster (BFM) will be an effective treatment for patients with ALL or LL.

Total Therapy Study XVI for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia [Recruiting]
The primary objective of this study (TOTXVI) is to compare the clinical benefit, the pharmacokinetics, and the pharmacodynamics of polyethylene glycol-conjugated (PEG) asparaginase given in higher dose (HD PEG) versus those of PEG-asparaginase given in conventional dose (CD PEG) during the continuation phase.

This study has several secondary objectives:

Therapeutic Objectives:

To estimate the event-free survival and overall survival of children with ALL who are treated with risk-directed therapy.

To study whether intensifying induction, including fractionated cyclophosphamide and thioguanine, in patients with day 15 MRD > 5%, will result in improved leukemia cytoreduction in this subgroup compared to TOTXV.

To assess whether intensification of central nervous system (CNS)-directed intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy will improve outcome in patients at high risk of CNS relapse.

Pharmacologic Objectives:

To identify pharmacogenetic, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic predictors for treatment-related outcomes in the context of the systemic therapy used in the protocol.

To compare the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of PEG-asparaginase given in higher dose (3,500 or 3,000 units/m2) versus those of PEG-asparaginase given in conventional dose (2,500 units/m2) in the continuation phase.

Biologic Objectives:

To determine the prognostic value of levels of minimal residual disease in peripheral blood at day 8 of remission induction.

To validate new markers and methods for MRD detection. To genotype natural killer (NK) cell receptors and measure their expressions at diagnosis and before reinduction, and to associate these features with treatment outcome.

To identify new prognostic factors by applying new technologies to study patient material (e. g., stored plasma, serum, cerebrospinal fluid, and normal and leukemic cells).

Neuroimaging Objectives:

To use quantitative MR measures (Diffusion Tensor Imaging and high resolution volumetric imaging) to assess differences in myelin and cortical thickness development in patients treated for ALL relative to healthy controls matched for age and gender.

To assess the impact of folate pathway genetic polymorphisms on myelin and cortical thickness development and neurocognitive performance.

To assess the impact of frontal-parietal lobe myelin and cortical thickness development on neurocognitive performance in attention, working memory, fluency, visual-spatial reasoning and processing speed.

Infectious Disease Objective:

To determine the performance characteristics of broad-range, molecular diagnostic methods for detection of bacterial, fungal, and viral agents, in comparison to methods currently in routine clinical use.

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Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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