SUPRANE® (desflurane, USP), a nonflammable liquid administered via vaporizer, is a general inhalation anesthetic. It is (±)1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether:
SUPRANE® (desflurane, USP) is indicated as an inhalation agent for induction and/or maintenance of anesthesia for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults (see PRECAUTIONS).
SUPRANE® (desflurane, USP) is not recommended for induction of anesthesia in pediatric patients because of a high incidence of moderate to severe upper airway adverse events (see WARNINGS). After induction of anesthesia with agents other than SUPRANE®, and tracheal intubation, SUPRANE® is indicated for maintenance of anesthesia in infants and children.
Media Articles Related to Suprane (Desflurane)
The Death of Joan Rivers: Endoscopy and Anesthesia Risks
Source: MedicineNet Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay Specialty [2014.12.09]
Title: The Death of Joan Rivers: Endoscopy and Anesthesia Risks
Category: Doctor's Views
Created: 9/8/2014 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 12/9/2014 12:00:00 AM
Published Studies Related to Suprane (Desflurane)
Desflurane/fentanyl compared with sevoflurane/fentanyl on awakening and quality
of recovery in outpatient surgery using a laryngeal mask airway: a randomized,
double-blinded controlled trial. 
anesthetic regimen inclusive of opioids... CONCLUSIONS: Desflurane retains faster awakening properties than does sevoflurane
Respiratory resistance during anaesthesia with isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane: a randomized clinical trial. [2011.09]
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether the effects of desflurane on inspiratory resistance are similar to those of isoflurane and sevoflurane during 30 min administration at 1 and 1.5 MAC in patients with healthy lungs... CONCLUSIONS: In healthy adults, neither sevoflurane nor isoflurane produced bronchodilation at 1 and 1.5 MAC. Desflurane did not affect respiratory resistance at 1 MAC, but at 1.5 MAC caused significant increase in both total and airway resistance with return to near baseline values after discontinuation of the agent.
A comparison of desflurane versus propofol: the effects on early postoperative lung function in overweight patients. [2011.07]
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the influence of propofol versus desflurane anesthesia in overweight patients on postoperative lung function and pulse oximetry values... CONCLUSION: We conclude that, for superficial surgical procedures of up to 120 minutes, maintenance of anesthesia with propofol impairs early postoperative lung function and pulse oximetry values more than with desflurane. Furthermore, increasing obesity decreases pulmonary function at 2 hours after propofol anesthesia but not after desflurane anesthesia.
The influence of propofol or desflurane on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. [2011.06]
We investigated the influence of either propofol or desflurane on the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in a randomised trial of 180 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. The primary outcome was incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction at 3 months, defined as >/=1 SD deterioration in two or more of 12 neurocognitive tests...
The effects of desflurane and sevoflurane on the peri- and postoperative bleeding of adenotonsillectomy patients. [2011.06]
CONCLUSION: Desflurane, which is one of the volatile anesthetics, leads to a lower amount of intraoperative bleeding than sevoflurane during tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy operations. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Clinical Trials Related to Suprane (Desflurane)
Desflurane Versus Propofol Anesthesia for Off-Pump CABG [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to prove if anesthesia maintained with the inhaled volatile
anesthetic desflurane is superior to the intravenously applied propofol anesthesia in
off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OP-CABG) surgery as measured by following
1. hemodynamic parameters during and after the operation,
2. pulmonary gas exchange, need for mechanical ventilation and for ICU and intrahospital
3. release of heart muscle injury markers in response to surgery and intraoperative
4. inflammatory response to the operation.
We suspect that insufflation anesthesia with desflurane may be superior to intravenous
anesthesia with propofol.
Comparing Desflurane to Sevoflurane for the Effect on Recovery Time in Patients Undergoing Urological Cystoscope Surgery [Recruiting]
This is a single-center, prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-arm trial including
68 subjects scheduled to undergo urological cystoscope surgeries under general anesthesia
(GA) with intubation through a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) at The Ohio State University
Medical Center (OSUMC). Double blinding will be based on both the subject and the research
staff being unaware of which trial arm the subject is randomized into. Eligible subjects
that provide voluntary and written informed consent will be included in this study.
Emergence Agitation Between Sevoflurane and Desflurane in Pediatric [Recruiting]
Sevoflurane is the volatile anesthetic agent of choice in pediatric surgery. Nevertheless,
sevoflurane anesthesia had the high incidence of emergence delirium compared to halothane
and isoflurane. Bortone L et al. reported isoflurane for maintenance decreased incidence of
emergence agitation compared to sevoflurane in unpremedicated preschool children under
elective subumbilical surgery (32% versus 52% respectively). Desflurane is the new volatile
anesthetic agent which provides faster recovery compared to sevoflurane. Valley et
al. reported no significant differences between sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia in
children in term of the serious airway complication such as laryngospasm or desaturation
excepted the number of coughing episodes were more frequent in the desflurane compared to
sevoflurane (36 versus 18).Mayer J et al. reported sevoflurane had severity of Pediatric
Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PAED) scale higher than desflurane in ear, nose, throat
inpatient surgery in children (12(2-20) versus 6(0-15) respectively) with no reported of
incidence of emergence agitation between those two. Therefore, the investigators would like
to compare the incidence of emergence agitation, recovery profile and respiratory events
between desflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia in pediatric ambulatory urologic surgery under
general anesthesia and combined with regional anesthesia.
A Comparison of Desflurane vs. Sevoflurane Incidence and Severity of Cough [Recruiting]
Goals for ambulatory surgery include providing optimal surgical conditions while ensuring a
rapid early recovery without side effect. Dexter et al1 concluded in a meta-analysis that
Desflurane can reduce the extubation time when compared to Sevoflurane. This potential
benefit of Desflurane can be especially attractive in short ambulatory cases performed with
general anesthesia with a laryngeal mask airway.
Although some studies have not shown a difference on perioperative cough and laryngospasm
between Desflurane and Sevoflurane at clinically relevant doses2, 3, It has been reported in
the literature that Desflurane causes cough4 and many providers avoid using Desflurane with
a laryngeal mask airway in the ambulatory setting. In this study we will also evaluate, as a
secondary outcome, the presence and severity of perioperative cough and laryngospasm.
Previous investigators have demonstrated a more rapid resumption of normal daily activities
after ambulatory surgery in patients anesthetized with Desflurane when compared with
Sevoflurane5. these investigators suggested a better quality of recovery when Desflurane is
used probably due to a lower lipid solubility of Desflurane. We will also evaluate quality
of recovery as a secondary outcome using a validated instrument6
1. A more rapid awakening, especially, in a fast and high turnover cases that are
performed with LMA can lead to a more cost effective utilization of operating room time
2. It has been reported that Desflurane causes more cough than Sevoflurane and
Anesthesiologists avoid using Desflurane with LMA cases, this study will reinforce
that there is no difference.
Desflurane or Propofol Anesthesia in Elderly Obese Patients Undergoing Total Knee Replacement [Recruiting]
You are invited to participate in a research study assessing your mental status in the first
days after your surgery and how you will be doing in the 2 years following the surgery. The
investigators hope to learn more about the incidence of postoperative confusion and a
possible relation with 2 anesthesia techniques that are routinely used. The first one is an
anesthesia technique that uses the inhaled anesthetic gas desflurane and the second one is
an anesthesia technique that uses the anesthetic propofol administered by infusion in a
vein. The investigators are also looking to see if there is a relationship between
anesthesia technique and cardiovascular outcomes. You were selected as a possible
participant in this study because at your age this phenomenon appears to have a greater
Reports of Suspected Suprane (Desflurane) Side Effects
Foetal Exposure During Pregnancy (16),
Congenital Anomaly (14),
Liver Function Test Abnormal (7),
Pulmonary Granuloma (5),
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (5),
Acute Respiratory Failure (5),
Abdominal Pain (4),
Blood Bilirubin Increased (4),
Drug Ineffective (4),
Pain (4), more >>