Hepatotoxicity has been reported with SELZENTRY use. Evidence of a systemic allergic reaction (e.g., pruritic rash, eosinophilia or elevated IgE) prior to the development of hepatotoxicity may occur. Patients with signs or symptoms of hepatitis or allergic reaction following use of SELZENTRY should be evaluated immediately [ see Warnings and Precautions ].
SELZENTRY (maraviroc) is a selective, slowly reversible, small molecule antagonist of the interaction between human CCR5 and HIV-1 gp120. Blocking this interaction prevents CCR5-tropic HIV-1 entry into cells.
SELZENTRY, in combination with other antiretroviral agents, is indicated for treatment-experienced adult patients infected with only CCR5-tropic HIV-1 detectable, who have evidence of viral replication and HIV-1 strains resistant to multiple antiretroviral agents.
This indication is based on analyses of plasma HIV-1 RNA levels in two controlled studies of SELZENTRY of 24 weeks duration. Both studies were conducted in clinically advanced, 3-class antiretroviral (NRTI, NNRTI, PI, or enfuvirtide) treatment-experienced adults with evidence of HIV-1 replication despite ongoing antiretroviral therapy.
The following points should be considered when initiating therapy with SELZENTRY:
- Tropism testing and treatment history should guide the use of SELZENTRY.
- Use of SELZENTRY is not recommended in patients with dual/mixed or CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 as efficacy was not demonstrated in a phase 2 study of this patient group.
- The safety and efficacy of SELZENTRY have not been established in treatment-naïve adult patients or pediatric patients.
There are no study results demonstrating the effect of SELZENTRY on clinical progression of HIV-1.
Media Articles Related to Selzentry (Maraviroc)
Synthetic Agents Related To Active Ingredient In Marijuana Weaken HIV Infection
Source: HIV / AIDS News From Medical News Today [2013.05.04]
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is notorious for hiding within certain types of cells, where it reproduces at a slowed rate and eventually gives rise to chronic inflammation, despite drug therapy...
Baby "Cured" of HIV Infection
Source: MedicineNet Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV, AIDS) Specialty [2013.04.03]
Title: Baby "Cured" of HIV Infection
Category: Doctor's & Expert's views on Symptoms
Created: 4/3/2013 6:12:00 PM
Last Editorial Review: 4/3/2013 6:12:53 PM
Everyone Aged 15 To 65 Should Receive HIV Testing, New Guidelines Say
Source: HIV / AIDS News From Medical News Today [2013.04.30]
Clinicians are now recommended to screen all patients aged 15 to 65, and other teens or older adults who are at an elevated risk for HIV infection, according to new guidelines released today. The guidelines were part of the final recommendation statement on screening for HIV by the U.S...
Latest HIV Vaccine Fails In The US, Government Stops Study
Source: HIV / AIDS News From Medical News Today [2013.04.26]
A study testing the latest experimental HIV vaccine has been stopped after an independent review board found that it did not prevent HIV infection and did not decrease the amount of HIV in the blood. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, announced that they will stop giving doses of this experimental vaccine...
Published Studies Related to Selzentry (Maraviroc)
Maraviroc, a chemokine receptor-5 antagonist, fails to demonstrate efficacy in
the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis in a randomized, double-blind
placebo-controlled trial. 
methotrexate (MTX)... CONCLUSIONS: Maraviroc was generally well tolerated over 12 weeks; however,
Pharmacokinetic interactions of maraviroc with darunavir-ritonavir, etravirine, and etravirine-darunavir-ritonavir in healthy volunteers: results of two drug interaction trials. [2011.05]
The effects of darunavir-ritonavir at 600 and 100 mg twice daily (b.i.d.) alone, 200 mg of etravirine b.i.d... when coadministered with darunavir-ritonavir with or without etravirine.
Maraviroc can improve lipid profiles in dyslipidemic patients with HIV: results from the MERIT trial. [2011.01]
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of maraviroc, the first approved CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) antagonist, on blood lipids in a post hoc analysis of the phase 3 MERIT study in treatment-naive patients... CONCLUSIONS: Maraviroc was not associated with elevations in TC, LDL-c, or triglycerides and showed beneficial effects on lipid profiles of dyslipidemic patients.
Effects of maraviroc and efavirenz on markers of immune activation and inflammation and associations with CD4+ cell rises in HIV-infected patients. [2010.10.06]
CONCLUSIONS: Maraviroc-treated patients had earlier, modest decreases in certain markers of immune activation and inflammation, although in this small study, many of the differences were not statistically significant. Levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein remained constant in the maraviroc arm and increased in the efavirenz arm. Decreases in immune activation correlated with increased CD4(+) T cell gains. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00098293.
Efficacy and safety of maraviroc versus efavirenz, both with zidovudine/lamivudine: 96-week results from the MERIT study. [2010.05]
BACKGROUND: The MERIT study evaluated maraviroc versus efavirenz, both with zidovudine/lamivudine, in treatment-naive patients with CCR5-tropic (R5) HIV-1. Post hoc analyses previously assessed week 48 outcomes in patients rescreened with R5 virus by a more sensitive tropism assay... CONCLUSION: Week 96 data confirm week 48 observations in MERIT.
Clinical Trials Related to Selzentry (Maraviroc)
The Effects of the Direct Acting Antiviral Agent Boceprevir on the Pharmacokinetics of Maraviroc in Healthy Volunteers [Recruiting]
Infection by both HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV)is frequent due to similar transmission
modes. Near 20% of people living with HIV are also infected by HCV. People living with HIV
are treated by anti-HIV medications that may interact with numerous other medications,
including new medications against HCV.
Boceprevir is one of these new HCV medications and it is now considered as part of the
standard of care for people infected with HCV. Previous research has shown boceprevir may
influence the capacity of the liver to breakdown (metabolize) certain medications and when
these medications are used in combination with boceprevir, their blood concentrations may be
increased or decreased which could increase the risk of side effects or decrease efficacy.
Among the drugs having a potential for an interaction with boceprevir is maraviroc, an
anti-HIV medication. If concentrations of maraviroc increase, people may experience more
side effects. However, if concentrations of maraviroc decrease, people living with HIV may
have a lower suppression of the virus. This could increase the risk for the HIV virus to
develop resistance, that is that the treatment will no longer be effective. No studies have
been conducted to investigate the effects of boceprevir on blood concentrations of
maraviroc. This research project addresses this research question. This project, however,
cannot be done with people living with HIV since resistance may develop in these people if
the concentrations of maraviroc decrease. It is for this reason that the investigators wish
to recruit healthy people not infected with HIV nor HCV.
Eleven healthy volunteers will be included. They will receive maraviroc 150 mg (1 tablet)
every 12 hours from days 1 to 19 inclusively. On day 5, a total of ten blood samples will
be drawn during the following 12 hours (at 0, 0. 5, 1, 1. 5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 12 hours
after maraviroc morning dose intake) to measure the blood concentrations of maraviroc.
Boceprevir 800 mg (4 capsules) every 8 hours with food will be started on day 6 and
continued until day 19 inclusively. On day 19, after the morning maraviroc and boceprevir
dose, another ten blood samples will be drawn over a 12 hour period. A phone follow-up will
be done on day 26. Thus, the total study duration for subjects is 26 days. The
investigators will compare the blood concentrations of maraviroc when given alone to the
blood concentrations of maraviroc when given with boceprevir.
Comparative Trial Of Maraviroc Versus Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Both With Darunavir/Ritonavir In Antiretroviral-Naive Patients Infected With Ccr5 Tropic HIV 1 [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to assess whether maraviroc administered once daily is
non-inferior to emtricitabine/tenofovir also administered once daily each in combination
with darunavir/ritonavir in the treatment of antiretroviral-naive patients as evaluated at
Week 48 of treatment.
Effect of Maraviroc on Metabolic Function in Obese Subjects (Phase I) [Recruiting]
An Open Label Pharmacokinetic, Safety And Efficacy Study Of Maraviroc In Combination With Background Therapy For The Treatment Of HIV-1 Infected, CCR5 -Tropic Children [Recruiting]
The primary purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetic properties (what the
body does to maraviroc) and to determine a suitable dosing schedule of maraviroc in HIV-1
infected children and adolescents. This study will also determine whether maraviroc is safe
to use in children and adolescents.
CCRC: A Pilot Project of Virologic, Pharmacologic and Immunologic Correlates of Gastrointestinal-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Immune Reconstitution Following Maraviroc Therapy [Not yet recruiting]
This research study is being done to find out how the immune system in the small intestines
improves after taking antiretroviral (anti-HIV) medications. Biopsies (small snips of
tissue) will be taken from the part of the intestines just below the stomach, and will be
studied in the laboratory. The main purpose of this study is to measure the increase in the
numbers of immune cells in the intestines to see if this number is related to the amount of
medication that reaches the intestinal tissue, and the amount of virus that is still hiding
Subjects are either normal control subjects without HIV or, are HIV positive and are about
to start HIV medications. As part of this study, HIV positive patients will be randomized
to receive one of three possible combinations of medications.
1. maraviroc (Selzentry) in combination with 2 NRTIs (dual nucleoside reverse
transcriptase inhibitor) or
2. maraviroc PLUS raltegravir in combination with 2 NRTIs (dual nucleoside reverse
transcriptase inhibitor) or
3. efavirenz (Sustiva) in combination with 2 NRTIs (dual nucleoside reverse transcriptase
Both Maraviroc and Raltegravir each represent new classes of medications in the way that
they interfere with HIV making copies of itself. Maraviroc attaches to the surface of the
T-cell that the virus uses to get into the cell and is therefore known as an entry
inhibitor. Raltegravir blocks the virus from inserting itself into the DNA of the infected
cell's nucleus and is therefore known as an Integrase Inhibitor. We hope to learn more
about how antiretroviral drugs affect T cells and how immune function restores itself when
HIV infection is treated.
Reports of Suspected Selzentry (Maraviroc) Side Effects
Maternal Exposure During Pregnancy (4),
Cytolytic Hepatitis (4),
Atrial Fibrillation (4),
Acute Myocardial Infarction (3),
Mitochondrial Myopathy Acquired (3),
Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased (2),
Chest Pain (2),
Nausea (2), more >>
Page last updated: 2013-05-04