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Ryzolt (Tramadol Hydrochloride) - Summary

 
 



RYZOLT SUMMARY

RYZOLTô (tramadol hydrochloride extended-release tablets) is a centrally acting analgesic composed of a dual-matrix delivery system with both immediate-release and extended-release characteristics.

RYZOLTô is indicated for the management of moderate to moderately severe chronic pain in adults who require around-the-clock treatment of their pain for an extended period of time.


See all Ryzolt indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Ryzolt (Tramadol)

More resilient people tend to have a higher pain tolerance
Source: Anxiety / Stress News From Medical News Today [2014.09.13]
Resilience, a person's ability to overcome adverse circumstances, is the main quality associated with pain tolerance among patients and their adjustment to chronic pain.

Avoiding Pain Management Prosecutions
Source: Medscape NeurologyHeadlines [2014.09.12]
The key to staying out of court, says an attorney with years of experience in the field, is keeping up-to-date documentation.
Medscape Medical News

International Conference and Exhibition on Pain Medicine, June 08-10, 2015, Chicago
Source: Conferences News From Medical News Today [2014.09.12]
OMICS Group is pleased to invite you to participate in the International Conference and Exhibition on Pain Medicine during June 08-10, 2015 at Chicago, USA.

Groundbreaking study reveals best positions for sex for men who have back pain
Source: Sexual Health / STDs News From Medical News Today [2014.09.12]
Contrary to popular belief, spooning is not always the best sex position for those with a bad back, according to new research from the University of Waterloo.

OncoBriefs: New Myeloma Standard? Robotics and Pain (CME/CE)
Source: MedPageToday.com - medical news plus CME for physicians [2014.09.12]
(MedPage Today) -- Patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma lived longer and had significantly slower disease progression with a new two-drug regimen than with a long-time, standard three-drug regimen, a randomized trial showed.

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Published Studies Related to Ryzolt (Tramadol)

Comparison of the analgesic effects of oral tramadol and naproxen sodium on pain relief during IUD insertion. [2012]
on pain during insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD)... CONCLUSION: Prophylactic analgesia using 50 mg tramadol and 550 mg naproxen,

Tramadol versus methadone for treatment of opiate withdrawal: a double-blind, randomized, clinical trial. [2012]
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of tramadol versus methadone for treatment of opiate withdrawal. Seventy patients randomly were assigned in two groups to receive either prescribed methadone (60 mg/day) or tramadol (600 mg/day)... Tramadol may be as effective as methadone in the control of withdrawal and could be considered as a potential substitute for methadone to manage opioids withdrawal.

Comparison of peritonsillar infiltration effects of ketamine and tramadol on post tonsillectomy pain: a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. [2012]
on post tonsillectomy pain and compare the side effects... CONCLUSION: Preoperative peritonsillar infiltration of tramadol can decrease

Evaluation of analgesic efficacy of intra-articular bupivacaine, bupivacaine plus fentanyl, and bupivacaine plus tramadol after arthroscopic knee surgery. [2011.12]
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of intra-articular (IA) bupivacaine, bupivacaine-fentanyl, and bupivacaine-tramadol for relief of postoperative pain after arthroscopic knee surgery... CONCLUSIONS: On the primary outcome measure (VAS pain score), both bupivacaine with fentanyl and bupivacaine with tramadol were better than IA bupivacaine, and bupivacaine with fentanyl was better than that with tramadol. However, both the combinations were comparable to each other with regard to the secondary outcome measure (supplementary analgesic requirement). Thus IA bupivacaine-fentanyl appears to be the best combination for relief of postoperative pain in patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery, followed by IA bupivacaine-tramadol. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, randomized controlled trial. Copyright (c) 2011 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Wound Infiltration with Bupivacaine and Intramuscular Diclofenac Reduces Postoperative Tramadol Consumption in Patients Undergoing Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy: A Prospective, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized Study. [2011.12]
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of wound infiltration with bupivacaine and i.m. diclofenac administration on patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) tramadol consumptions and postoperative pain in patients who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) under general anesthesia. Previous studies have found only limited or no benefits of local anesthetics for postoperative opioid consumption and pain relief after RRP... CONCLUSIONS: This prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study demonstrated that wound infiltration with bupivacaine during surgical closure combined with i.m. diclofenac administration might decrease in 24 hours with PCA tramadol consumption in patients who underwent RRP under general anesthesia. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Clinical Trials Related to Ryzolt (Tramadol)

CYTRAM (Cytochrome P450, Tramadol) [Recruiting]
Many methods to detect CYP2D6 poor metabolizers have been validated. Some of them are based on phenotyping (metabolism of dextromethorphan or debrisoquine) and some others on genotyping. Up to now, CYP2D6 pharmacogenetics has been restricted to the field of research, in spite of poor metabolizer profile concerns 5 to 10 % of caucasian population. Nevertheless, the polymorphism of CYP2D6 is responsible for the metabolism of many drugs, particularly of two opioids involved in pain management: codeine and tramadol, their metabolites representing the most effective part of the drug effect. So prescribing codeine or tramadol in a patient poor metabolizer for the CYP2D6 is likely to be ineffective in pain management.

O-demethyl-tramadol, the metabolite of tramadol via CYP2D6, is important to consider because its analgesic effect is 2 to 4 times more potent than tramadol.

The investigators propose to phenotype CYP2D6 in post-operative patients treated by tramadol by monitoring seric concentrations of O-demethyl tramadol and tramadol to make a ratio in comparison with genotype, and to find a threshold to determine poor metabolizers. As already described, genotyping CYP2D6 will use a rapid detection method of the alleles implicated in poor metabolizer status (CYP2D6*3, *4, *5 et *6) in a Caucasian population. Sampling will be executed at two times (H24 and H48 after surgery) and only with blood (three EDTA tubes) during the post-operative monitoring of the patients. This study is likely to include 320 post-operative patients treated with intravenous tramadol during one year in three university hospitals centers (CHU of Caen, Créteil and Rouen).

The first aim of this study is the validation of monitoring seric concentrations of O-demethyl-tramadol and tramadol to make the ratio in order to detect CYP2D6 poor metabolizers in therapeutic situation, comparing the result with genotyping. The finding of a poor metabolizer status in a patient will make the choice of analgesic drugs easier, avoiding tramadol and codeine. The final objective of this research is to be able to determine the CYP2D6 phenotype in a patient treated by tramadol without a good analgesia. By a single take of blood and a rapid response, this method should be liked to improve pain management. Furthermore, CYP2D6 phenotyping is interesting for the patient because many other drugs depend on this way of metabolism.

A Comparison of Postoperative Tramadol Versus Acetaminophen With Codeine in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy [Recruiting]
Tonsillectomy is the most common pediatric surgical procedure performed in the US. The postoperative period can be particularly painful. Codeine (usually in mixed formulation with acetaminophen) is the most commonly prescribed opioid in the US. However, evolving data questions its ability to provide optimal pain relief, while avoiding side effects, especially in the postoperative setting. Tramadol may be a better option for children in the postoperative setting due to its well-documented analgesic properties, low potential for side effects, and excellent safety profile. Seventy-two children scheduled to undergo tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) at Children's will be invited to participate in a randomized, prospective, double-blinded study to evaluate the efficacy and side effects of codeine with acetaminophen versus tramadol. Using a 10-day take-home diary, caregivers will be asked to record daily information about their child's postoperative pain and other core outcomes and domains as recommended in the recent consensus statement put forth by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) (McGrath et al., 2008). This study will offer new information regarding the efficacy and side effects associated with tramadol as compared with codeine/acetaminophen (the current practice standard) in a pediatric population.

Hypotheses

H1: Children who receive scheduled tramadol following tonsillectomy will report better pain control than children who receive scheduled codeine/acetaminophen.

H2: Children who receive scheduled tramadol following tonsillectomy will report fewer side effects than children who receive scheduled codeine/acetaminophen.

Comparison of Tramadol Orally Versus an Optimized Dose of Intravenous Tramadol for Postoperative Pain Relief in Ambulatory Surgery [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to compare the administration of 1 unit dose of 50 mg tramadol perorally given in 3 unit dosages versus tramadol IV given in 3 unit dosage of 35 mg during the first 6 hours postoperatively and to investigate the time course and accuracy of pain relief versus the onset and duration of side effects. The first unit dose will be administered at arrival at the PACU when a Visual Analogue Pain (VAS) score of more than 3 is reached. The second and third unit dose will be administered after 1 and 2 hours, respectively, when a VAS of more than 3 is observed.

Tramadol Extended-Release (ER) for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) [Recruiting]
This is a six-week pilot study testing the efficacy of tramadol extended-release (ER) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Men and women aged 21-55 years with combat-related PTSD (n=20) or PTSD resulting from a civilian trauma (n=20) will be recruited. Blinded tramadol ER will begin with a 100 mg daily dose for the first week, with an option to increase to 200 mg/day for the 2nd week. Dose adjustments, using a range of 100-300 mg tramadol ER per day (or 1 to 3 placebo tabs), are permitted thereafter. The primary hypothesis is that tramadol ER 100 to 300 mg every morning for 6 weeks will reduce the symptoms of PTSD relative to placebo. The primary outcome measures will be PTSD symptoms as rated by the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and Clinicians Global Impressions scale at baseline and weeks one, two, four, and six. Assignment to blinded medication arms will be stratified to ensure equivalence of the two arms (men and women, military and civilian trauma).

Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Concomitant Administration of Tramadol With Duloxetine or Pregabalin [Recruiting]
Tramadol is an opioid analgesic, which is widely used in the treatment of acute and neuropathic pain. Treatment of neuropathic pain often requires a combination of pain medications due to the complex nature of neuropathic pain and frequent inadequate response to drug treatment. Common drugs used concomitantly with tramadol are SNRI antidepressant duloxetine and anticonvulsants such as pregabalin. Both tramadol and duloxetine have serotonergic effects and duloxetine has also a potential to inhibit metabolism of tramadol. The objective of the study is to investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic interaction of oral tramadol with duloxetine and pregabalin in patients with chronic neuropathic pain due to postherpetic neuralgia or diabetic polyneuropathy. All subjects will receive tramadol and duloxetine or tramadol and pregabalin in a randomized double-blind order. Primary end point is O-desmethyltramadol concentration.

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Page last updated: 2014-09-13

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