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Renagel (Sevelamer Hydrochloride) - Summary

 
 



RENAGEL SUMMARY

The active ingredient in Renagel Tablets is sevelamer hydrochloride, a polymeric amine that binds phosphate and is meant for oral administration. Sevelamer hydrochloride is poly(allylamine hydrochloride) crosslinked with epichlorohydrin in which forty percent of the amines are protonated.

RENAGEL® [   Renagel is a Registered Trademark of Genzyme Corporation.]  (sevelamer hydrochloride) is indicated for the control of serum phosphorus in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on dialysis. The safety and efficacy of Renagel in CKD patients who are not on dialysis have not been studied.


See all Renagel indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Renagel (Sevelamer)

Sevelamer carbonate lowers serum phosphorus effectively in haemodialysis patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-titration study. [2014]
transitioning from a calcium-based to a polymer-based phosphate binder... CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that hyperphosphataemia developed quickly

Effect of gastric acid suppression with pantoprazole on the efficacy of sevelamer hydrochloride as a phosphate binder in haemodialysis patients: a pilot study. [2012]
Sevelamer hydrochloride (HCL) is thought to require an appropriately acidic environment in order to bind gastrointestinal phosphate. Changes in gastric acidity with acid suppressants may therefore alter the efficacy of sevelamer HCL... Although our study did not find a significant drug interaction, given the high prevalence of acid suppressant use in dialysis patients, physicians should be aware of the potential influence of acid suppression on the efficacy of phosphate binders and regularly assess the clinical need for acid suppression therapy.

Comparison of Calcium Acetate and Sevelamer on Vascular Function and Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 in CKD Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. [2011.11.30]
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is a marker of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerotic complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Because previous studies suggested that sevelamer may exert effects on FGF-23 level and endothelial function independently of its phosphate-lowering action, we tested the effect of sevelamer versus calcium acetate on vascular function and FGF-23 levels... CONCLUSIONS: In hyperphosphatemic patients with stage 4 CKD, treatment with phosphate lowering induces measurable improvements in flow-mediated vasodilatation. Furthermore, independently of serum phosphate level, FGF-23 level changes induced by phosphate binders are associated with simultaneous changes in flow-mediated vasodilatation. These observations are compatible with the hypothesis that FGF-23 may contribute to vascular dysfunction in this population. Copyright (c) 2011 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comparison of dietary phosphate absorption after single doses of lanthanum carbonate and sevelamer carbonate in healthy volunteers: a balance study. [2011.05]
BACKGROUND: Lanthanum carbonate and sevelamer carbonate are noncalcium phosphate binders used to treat hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. This is the first study to compare phosphate absorption from a standardized meal ingested with a typical clinical dose of these binders... CONCLUSIONS: In healthy volunteers, 1,000 mg of lanthanum carbonate decreased phosphate absorption by 45% compared with a 21% decrease with 2,400 mg of sevelamer carbonate. Copyright (c) 2011 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

The effect of sevelamer carbonate and lanthanum carbonate on the pharmacokinetics of oral calcitriol. [2011.05]
BACKGROUND: Lanthanum carbonate and sevelamer carbonate are non-calcium-based phosphate binders used to manage hyperphosphataemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD may require intravenous or oral active vitamin D. We investigated the effects of lanthanum carbonate and sevelamer carbonate on the bioavailability of oral calcitriol... CONCLUSIONS: Sevelamer carbonate significantly reduces serum concentrations of exogenous calcitriol when administered concomitantly with oral calcitriol, whereas lanthanum carbonate has no significant effect. This should be considered when treating CKD patients who require phosphate binders and oral vitamin D.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Renagel (Sevelamer)

Nicotinamide Versus Sevelamer Hydrochloride on Phosphatemia Control on Chronic Hemodialysed Patients [Recruiting]
The comparison between nicotinamide and sevelamer aims to demonstrate, in chronic hemodialysed patients, the non-inferiority of nicotinamide in terms of control of the phosphatemia. Secondary objectives is to compare the two treatments in terms of efficiency in other biological parameters, vascular calcification and bone mass loss and on the clinical and biological tolerance and finally to explore the roles of metabolites of nicotinamide.

CARE-2 (Calcium Acetate [PhosLo]/Sevelamer[Renagel] Evaluation Study 2) for Heart Calcification in Dialysis Patients [Completed]
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of two phosphate binders, PhosLo and sevelamer, on heart calcification in dialysis patients. The study will use a non-invasive technique, electron beam computed tomography (CT) scanning, to measure calcium in the coronary arteries, the aortic valve, and the mitral valve.

A Phase 1 Multiple Dose Study to Compare the Effects of AMG 223 and Sevelamer HCL (Renagel) [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine if subjects on 2g AMG 223 will achieve 60% or greater reduction in urinary phosphorus from baseline compared to subjects on 2g Renagel. Renagel, Sevelamer HCl is currently the market leader for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients on dialysis.

Effect of Sevelamer on Glucose Tolerance and Insulin Sensitivity in Patients With Chronic Renal Failure (CKD) [Withdrawn]

Sevelamer for Reducing Endotoxemia and Immune Activation [Completed]
HIV-infected people can have an increase in inflammation in their body organs, even after taking anti-HIV medicines. Sevelamer carbonate is used to bind phosphate in dialysis patients. It can also bind endotoxin in the gut and lowers endotoxin levels in the blood of dialysis patients. Sevelamer carbonate decreases the inflammation endotoxin causes in dialysis patients. A5296 is a phase II, single-arm study to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of sevelamer carbonate administration on markers of microbial translocation and T-cell activation in the blood in chronically HIV-infected subjects not receiving ART.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Renagel (Sevelamer) Side Effects

Thrombocytopenia (12)Anaemia (12)Abdominal Pain Upper (6)Constipation (5)Gastric Ulcer (5)Liver Disorder (5)Large Intestine Perforation (5)Renal Impairment (5)Klebsiella Infection (4)Melaena (4)more >>


Page last updated: 2014-12-01

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