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Rebetol (Ribavirin) - Summary

 
 



WARNING: RISK OF SERIOUS DISORDERS AND RIBAVIRIN-ASSOCIATED EFFECTS

  • REBETOL monotherapy is not effective for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection and should not be used alone for this indication [see Warnings and Precautions].
  • The primary toxicity of ribavirin is hemolytic anemia. The anemia associated with REBETOL therapy may result in worsening of cardiac disease that has led to fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarctions. Patients with a history of significant or unstable cardiac disease should not be treated with REBETOL [see Dosage and Administration, Warnings and Precautions, and Adverse Reactions].
  • Significant teratogenic and embryocidal effects have been demonstrated in all animal species exposed to ribavirin. In addition, ribavirin has a multiple-dose half-life of 12 days, and so it may persist in nonplasma compartments for as long as 6 months. Therefore, REBETOL therapy is contraindicated in women who are pregnant and in the male partners of women who are pregnant. Extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy during therapy and for 6 months after completion of treatment in both female patients and in female partners of male patients who are taking REBETOL therapy. At least two reliable forms of effective contraception must be utilized during treatment and during the 6-month post-treatment follow-up period [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions, Use in Specific Populations, Nonclinical Toxicology, and Patient Counseling Information].
 

REBETOL SUMMARY

REBETOL is Schering Corporation's brand name for ribavirin, a nucleoside analog. The chemical name of ribavirin is 1-(beta)-D-ribofuranosyl-1 H -1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide.

REBETOL (ribavirin, USP) Capsules and Oral Solution are indicated in combination with INTRON A (interferon alfa-2b, recombinant) Injection for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in patients 3 years of age and older with compensated liver disease previously untreated with alpha interferon or in patients 18 years of age and older who have relapsed following alpha interferon therapy.

REBETOL Capsules are indicated in combination with PEG-INTRON (peginterferon alfa-2b, recombinant) Injection for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in patients with compensated liver disease who have not been previously treated with interferon alpha and are at least 18 years of age.

The safety and efficacy of REBETOL Capsules or Oral Solution with interferons other than INTRON A or PEG-INTRON products have not been established.


See all Rebetol indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Rebetol (Ribavirin)

The combination of MK-5172, peginterferon, and ribavirin is effective in treatment-naive patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection without cirrhosis. [2014]
without cirrhosis... CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily MK-5172 (100 mg) with PR for 24 or 48 weeks was highly

[Efficacy and safety of ribavirin aerosol in children with hand-foot-mouth disease]. [Article in Chinese] [2014]
with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD)... CONCLUSIONS: Ribavirin aerosol can be effectively and safely used for treating

[Effects of ribavirin aerosol on viral exclusion of patients with hand-foot-mouth disease]. [Article in Chinese] [2014]
treatment of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD)... CONCLUSIONS: Ribavirin aerosol has multiple advantages of lower dose, quicker

Daclatasvir combined with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin in Japanese patients infected with hepatitis C genotype 1. [2014]
infection... CONCLUSIONS: Daclatasvir combined with alfa-2a/ribavirin in treatment-naive

A randomized trial of daclatasvir with peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin for HCV genotype 1 infection. [2014]
infection... CONCLUSIONS: Daclatasvir 60 mg combined with peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Rebetol (Ribavirin)

Peg-Ifn Dose Evaluations for Previously Untreated Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C Infected With Genotype 1 (Study P03471AM1)(COMPLETED) [Completed]
The objective is to compare the safety and efficacy of the following three treatment regimens in previously untreated adult subjects with chronic hepatitis C infected with Genotype 1: (1) PEG-Intron 1. 5 g/kg/wk in combination with weight based REBETOL (800-1400 mg/day); (2) PEG-Intron 1g/kg/wk in combination with weight based REBETOL (800-1400 mg/day); and (3) PEGASYS 180 g/wk plus COPEGUS 1000-1200 mg/day.

Extended Treatment With PEG-Intron and Rebetol in Patients With Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C and Slow Virologic Response (Study P03685AM3) [Active, not recruiting]
This is a controlled, randomized, parallel-groups, open-label, multinational study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PEG-Intron plus Rebetol in subjects with chronic hepatitis C. It is designed to evaluate whether 72 weeks of treatment with PEG-Intron plus Rebetol is more effective than 48 weeks of treatment in subjects with Genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C who exhibit a slow response to treatment.

Peg-Intron and Rebetol Therapy in Treatment of Naive Hepatitis C Patients: A Comparison of Race and Genotype on Treatment Outcome (Study P04212)(COMPLETED) [Completed]
This is a multicenter clinical trial designed to compare the efficacy of 48 weeks of therapy with pegylated (PEG)-Interferon/ribavirin in Southeastern Asian patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C with 48 weeks of therapy with PEG-Interferon/ribavirin in Caucasian patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C. This study is also designed to provide a randomized comparison of 24 weeks versus 48 weeks of therapy with PEG-Interferon/ribavirin in Southeastern Asian patients with genotypes 6-9. The primary endpoint is sustained virologic response, as defined by negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) in serum at 24 weeks after therapy completion.

PEG-Interferon a-2b + Ribavirin for Treatment of Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Who Have Previously Failed to Achieve a Sustained Virologic Response Following Interferon Alfa or Interferon a-2b + Ribavirin Therapy [Completed]
HRN-003 STUDY SYNOPSIS

OBJECTIVE: To compare the Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) of PEGIntron plus ribavirin among patients receiving a fixed dose of PEGIntron versus weighted-adjusted dosing.

OVERVIEW OF STUDY DESIGN: This is a multi-center, randomized, open-label clinical trial using PEGIntron weight-adjusted dose by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks OR PEGIntron fixed dose by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks.

STUDY POPULATION: 600 Adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection who have previously failed to achieve a sustained virologic response following interferon alfa or interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin therapy.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Eligible participants will be randomized to receive PEGIntron weight-adjusted dose (1. 5 mg/kg) by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin 400 mg by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks OR PEGIntron fixed dose (150 mg if weight > than 80 kg or 100 mg if weight < 80 KG) by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin 400 mg by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks.

EFFICACY EVALUATIONS: Laboratory analysis, quality of life assessments, and change in study medication doses will be obtained.

SAFETY EVALUATIONS: Assessment of laboratory evaluations, vital signs, incidence and severity of adverse experiences and progression of disease, as measured by HCV viral load.

STUDY DESIGN

This is a treatment protocol to evaluate the antiviral efficacy, safety and tolerability polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugated interferon alfa-2b (PEGIntron) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection in patients who have previously failed to achieve a sustained virologic response following interferon alfa or interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin therapy. Patients will be stratified according to their response to the previous course of therapy (i. e. non-reponse or relapse virologic pattern

This is a multi-center, randomized, open-label clinical trial that will involve approximately 25 sites with an anticipated enrollment of 600 patients over a six-month period.

Eligible participants will be randomized to receive PEGIntron weight-adjusted dose (1. 5 mg/kg) by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin 400 mg by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks OR PEGIntron fixed dose (150 mg if weight > than 80 kg or 100 mg if weight < 80 KG) by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin 400 mg by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks.

- Group A: PEGIntron weight -adjusted dose (1. 5 mg/kg) by subcutaneous injection weekly

+ ribavirin 400 mg by mouth twice daily for 48 weeks (Total therapy x 48weeks).

- Group B: PEGIntron fixed dose (150 mg if weight > than 80 kg or 100 mg if weight < 80

KG) by subcutaneous injection weekly + ribavirin 400 mg by mouth twice daily for an additional 48 weeks (Total therapy x 48 weeks).

Ribavirin for Hemorrhagic Fever With Renal Syndrome in Germany [Not yet recruiting]
This is a treatment protocol using IND Ribavirin-there is no control group. Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS) is caused by a virus acquired by contact with chronically infected rodent hosts. HFRS is present throughout Europe and caused mainly by Puumala and Dobrava viruses. Treatment consists mainly of supportive care with careful attention to control of blood pressure and fluid balance and/or dialysis. Early initiation of IND Intravenous Ribavirin has been shown to be an effective treatment for HFRS and may prevent the need for dialysis. It is important to initiate therapy based on a diagnosis consistent with HFRS and a history that makes exposure likely. This study will monitor the clinical events that occur with HFRS as well as the safety and efficacy of Ribavirin.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Rebetol (Ribavirin) Side Effects

Anaemia (270)Rash (142)Nausea (125)Decreased Appetite (115)Haemoglobin Decreased (112)Pyrexia (104)Fatigue (88)Pruritus (79)Vomiting (79)Malaise (77)more >>


Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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