DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Proloprim (Trimethoprim) - Summary

 
 



PROLOPRIM SUMMARY

PROLOPRIM® (trimethoprim)
-mg and 200-mg Scored Tablets

PROLOPRIM (trimethoprim) is a synthetic antibacterial available in tablet form for oral administration.

Proloprim (trimethoprim) is indicated for the following:

For the treatment of initial episodes of uncomplicated urinary tract infections due to susceptible strains of the following organisms: Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter species, and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species, including S. saprophyticus.

Cultures and susceptibility tests should be performed to determine the susceptibility of the bacteria to trimethoprim. Therapy may be initiated prior to obtaining the results of these tests.


See all Proloprim indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Proloprim (Trimethoprim)

Itraconazole vs. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole: A comparative cohort study of 200 patients with paracoccidioidomycosis. [2014]
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis endemic to Latin America. Brazil accounts for approximately 80% of cases, where it represents a major public health issue due to its disabling impact and the number of premature deaths it causes... Although the results of this study show that itraconazole was the best treatment option for PCM patients, a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial is necessary to confirm this conclusion.

Comparative study of the efficacy and tolerability of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-trimethoprim versus artemether-lumefantrine in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Cameroon, Ivory Coast and Senegal. [2011.07.08]
BACKGROUND: The ACT recommended by WHO is very effective and well-tolerated. However, these combinations need to be administered for three days, which may limit adherence to treatment.The combination of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine phosphate-trimethoprim (Artecom(R), Odypharm Ltd), which involves treatment over two days, appears to be a good alternative, particularly in malaria-endemic areas. This study intends to compare the efficacy and tolerability of the combination dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine phosphate-trimethoprim (DPT) versus artemether-lumefantrine (AL) in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Cameroon, Ivory Coast and Senegal... CONCLUSION: The overall efficacy and tolerability of DPT are similar to those of AL. The ease of taking DPT and its short treatment course (two days) may help to improve adherence to treatment. Taken together, these findings make this medicinal product a treatment of choice for the effective management of malaria in Africa.

Randomized controlled trial of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for uncomplicated skin abscesses in patients at risk for community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. [2010.09]
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is now the leading cause of uncomplicated skin abscesses in the United States, and the role of antibiotics is controversial. We evaluate whether trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole reduces the rate of treatment failures during the 7 days after incision and drainage and whether it reduces new lesion formation within 30 days... CONCLUSION: After the incision and drainage of uncomplicated abscesses in adults, treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole does not reduce treatment failure but may decrease the formation of subsequent lesions. Copyright (c) 2010 American College of Emergency Physicians. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

Standard versus newer antibacterial agents in the treatment of severe acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized trial of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole versus ciprofloxacin. [2010.07.15]
BACKGROUND. Although the use of antibiotics in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is largely accepted, controversy remains regarding whether the choice of antibiotic has any impact on outcome.

Trimethoprim as adjuvant treatment in schizophrenia: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. [2010.07]
Various infectious agents, such as Toxoplasma gondii, have been hypothesized to be potentially relevant etiological factors in the onset of some cases of schizophrenia. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment trial in an attempt to explore the hypothesis that the symptoms of schizophrenia may be related to infection of the central nervous system with toxoplasma gondii...

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Proloprim (Trimethoprim)

A Phase III Comparative Study of Dapsone / Trimethoprim and Clindamycin / Primaquine Versus Sulfamethoxazole / Trimethoprim in the Treatment of Mild-to-Moderate PCP in Patients With AIDS [Completed]
To evaluate the effectiveness of two oral treatments for mild to moderate Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP): dapsone/trimethoprim or clindamycin/primaquine as compared to a standard treatment program of sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) to assess the tolerance of these two alternative treatments as compared to the standard treatment of SMX/TMP. Per 09/09/92 amendment, to assess the efficacy and tolerance of these two alternative treatments in patients who are intolerant to SMX/TMP.

The type of treatment being studied has the advantages of wide applicability throughout the world (including developing countries) and low cost. An oral treatment is more accessible to patients than drugs given by injection or by inhalation.

The Efficacy of Trimethoprim in Wound Healing of Patients With Epidermolysis Bullosa [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of trimethoprim in promoting wound healing and decreasing blister formation in patients with Epidermolysis Bullosa.

Effect of Weight and/or Obesity on Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim Concentrations [Recruiting]
This study will find how weight affects the dosing of a drug called sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Currently, the amount of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim a patient receives is the same regardless of the patient's weight.

All sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim (Trade name is Bactrim or Septra) medication that you will receive in this study will be referred to as study medication within this informed consent form. This drug is a combination of two antibiotics, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim, which belongs to a class of medication known as "sulfones" and is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections such as ear infections, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim is given orally.

Trimetrexate Plus Leucovorin Calcium Rescue Versus Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim in the Treatment of Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) in Patients With AIDS [Completed]
To compare the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug therapy (trimetrexate plus leucovorin calcium) with that of conventional therapy (sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim) in the treatment of moderately severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in patients who have AIDS, are HIV positive, or are at high risk for HIV infection. New treatments are needed to reduce the mortality rate from PCP in AIDS patients and to reduce the high relapse rate found after conventional therapy. Trimetrexate (TMTX) was chosen for this trial because it was found to be much more potent than sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) against the PCP organism in laboratory tests. Also TMTX, in combination with leucovorin (LCV), did not cause severe toxicity in a preliminary trial. It is believed that TMTX will be more effective in treating PCP and in preventing a recurrence of PCP.

Orally Administered Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and Metronidazole as Prophylaxis of Infection Following Elective Colorectal Surgery [Recruiting]
The current standard Swedish infection prophylaxis in colorectal surgery is intravenously administered cefuroxime and metronidazole. this combination is well studied. The disadvantages of the regimen is "collateral damage" resulting from treatment with a cephalosporine and that the combination also serves as the first line of treatment for abdominal surgical infections.

Serval Swedish surgical departments have for some years used a combination of orally administered trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and metronidazole.

The combination is economical and believed to be effective but hitherto the outcome have not been properly researched.

The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of these two regimens in the prevention of infection after elective colorectal surgery.

more trials >>


PATIENT REVIEWS / RATINGS / COMMENTS

Based on a total of 1 ratings/reviews, Proloprim has an overall score of 9. The effectiveness score is 10 and the side effect score is 8. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.
 

Proloprim review by 33 year old female patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   acne
Dosage & duration:   100mg taken 2x daily initially, 1x daily maintenance for the period of over 4 years
Other conditions:   none
Other drugs taken:   none
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   Dermatologist suggested trial of trimethoprim 2x per daily, once morning and once in the evening. Diminished acne resulted within the first month and more significantly for the following months. After 1 year, patient reduced to taking pill once per day.
Side effects:   Side effects were mild, but a similar derivative had significant side effects so this patient recommends trying another sulfur-based drug if this once poses problems. Side effects with trimethoprim included very mild sun sensitivity-simply use a sunscreen; occasional yeast infections once or twice per year; upset stomach if taken without food.
Comments:   Patient suffered acne for over 15 years and had been treated with various oral and topical medications. Oral medications included most typical antibiotics and Accutane. Results were less than ideal. D

See all Proloprim reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2014-11-30

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2014