Severe psychiatric symptoms and neurological impairment may occur during treatment with PRIALT. Patients with a pre-existing history of psychosis should not be treated with PRIALT. All patients should be monitored frequently for evidence of cognitive impairment, hallucinations, or changes in mood or consciousness. PRIALT therapy can be interrupted or discontinued abruptly without evidence of withdrawal effects in the event of serious neurological or psychiatric signs or symptoms.
PRIALT contains ziconotide, a synthetic equivalent of a naturally occurring conopeptide found in the piscivorous marine snail, Conus magus.
PRIALT (ziconotide intrathecal infusion) is indicated for the management of severe chronic pain in patients for whom intrathecal (IT) therapy is warranted, and who are intolerant of or refractory to other treatment, such as systemic analgesics, adjunctive therapies, or IT morphine.
Published Studies Related to Prialt (Ziconotide)
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of intrathecal ziconotide in adults with severe chronic pain. [2006.05]
Safety and efficacy data from a study of slow intrathecal (IT) ziconotide titration for the management of severe chronic pain are presented. Patients randomized to ziconotide (n = 112) or placebo (n = 108) started IT infusion at 0.1 microg/hour (2.4 microg/day), increasing gradually (0.05-0.1 microg/hour increments) over 3 weeks...
Intrathecal ziconotide in the treatment of refractory pain in patients with cancer or AIDS: a randomized controlled trial. [2004.01.07]
CONTEXT: Ziconotide (formerly SNX-111) selectively blocks N-type voltage-sensitive calcium channels and may be effective in patients with pain that is refractory to opioid therapy or those with intolerable opioid-related adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of intrathecal ziconotide in patients with pain that is refractory to conventional treatment... CONCLUSION: Intrathecal ziconotide provided clinically and statistically significant analgesia in patients with pain from cancer or AIDS.
Ziconotide, a new N-type calcium channel blocker, administered intrathecally for acute postoperative pain. [2000.05]
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Voltage-sensitive calcium channel conductance is essential for the nervous system to signal a painful event. However, intrathecal administration of L-type calcium channel blockers does not provide analgesia. The present investigation was designed to assess the safety and analgesic efficacy of ziconotide, a new N-type calcium channel blocker, when administered intrathecally to patients with acute postoperative pain... CONCLUSIONS: Ziconotide showed analgesic activity, as shown by decreased PCA morphine equivalent consumption and lower VASPI scores. Because of a favorable trend of decreased morphine consumption with an acceptable side-effect profile in the low-dose ziconotide group, 0.7 microg/h may be closer to the ideal dose than 7 microg/h. Large-scale studies are required to clarify this issue.
Trigeminal neuralgia relief with intrathecal ziconotide. [2011.05]
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of a 59-year-old female with severe TN who experienced satisfactory symptom relief from a single-shot trial of intrathecal ziconotide.
Ziconotide: A rapid detoxification protocol for the conversion from intrathecal morphine--the Raffaeli Detoxification Model. [2011.01]
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and the safety of our rapid detoxificationprotocol in preventing signs and symptoms of withdrawal and pain severity... CONCLUSIONS: The detoxification protocol was effective in preventing withdrawal signs without increasing pain severity, allowing to rapidly convert IT morphine to ziconotide monotherapy in patients who are refractory to morphine.
Clinical Trials Related to Prialt (Ziconotide)
Intrathecal Bolus Doses of Ziconotide [Recruiting]
Safety and Activity Study of Intrathecally Administered Ziconotide for Neuropathic Pain in Patients With Cancer [Recruiting]
Neuropathic pain is difficult to control because it is only partially sensitive to opioid
analgesics, and requires the addition of other therapies such as antidepressants and
epileptics. Ziconotide is a drug that is used to treat neuropathic pain in patients who
have had inadequate pain control with prior combination of medicines.
Reports of Suspected Prialt (Ziconotide) Side Effects
Weight Decreased (5),
Burning Sensation (5),
Psychotic Disorder (5),
Abdominal Pain (4),
Confusional State (4),
Abortion Spontaneous (4),
Overdose (4), more >>
Page last updated: 2011-12-09