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Prevalite (Cholestyramine) - Summary



Prevalite® (Cholestyramine for Oral Suspension, USP), the chloride salt of a basic anion exchange resin, a cholesterol-lowering agent, is intended for oral administration. Cholestyramine resin is quite hydrophilic, but insoluble in water. The cholestyramine resin in Prevalite® is not absorbed from the digestive tract. 5.5 grams of Prevalite® contain 4 grams of anhydrous cholestyramine resin.

Cholestyramine resin adsorbs and combines with the bile acids in the intestine to form an insoluble complex which is excreted in the feces.

Prevalite® is indicated for the following:

1) Prevalite® is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elevated serum cholesterol in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (elevated low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol) who do not respond adequately to diet. Prevalite® may be useful to lower LDL cholesterol in patients who also have hypertriglyceridemia, but it is not indicated where hypertriglyceridemia is the abnormality of most concern.

Therapy with lipid-altering agents should be a component of multiple risk factor intervention in those individuals at significantly increased risk for atherosclerotic vascular disease due to hypercholesterolemia. Treatment should begin and continue with dietary therapy specific for the type of hyperlipoproteinemia determined prior to initiation of drug therapy. Excess body weight may be an important factor and caloric restriction for weight normalization should be addressed prior to drug therapy in the overweight.

Prior to initiating therapy with cholestyramine resin, secondary causes of hypercholesterolemia (e.g., poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, dysproteinemias, obstructive liver disease, other drug therapy, alcoholism), should be excluded, and a lipid profile performed to assess total cholesterol (Total-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides (TG). For individuals with TG less than 400 mg/dL (<4.5 mmol/L), LDL-C can be estimated using the following equation:

  • LDL-C = Total Cholesterol - [(TG/5) + HDL-C]

For TG levels >400 mg/dL, this equation is less accurate and LDL-C concentrations should be determined by ultracentrifugation. In hypertriglyceridemic patients, LDL-C may be low or normal despite elevated Total-C. In such cases cholestyramine resin may not be indicated.

Serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels should be determined periodically based on NCEP guidelines to confirm initial and adequate long-term response. A favorable trend in cholesterol reduction should occur during the first month of cholestyramine resin therapy. The therapy should be continued to sustain cholesterol reduction. If adequate cholesterol reduction is not attained, increasing the dosage of cholestyramine resin or adding other lipid-lowering agents in combination with cholestyramine resin should be considered.

Since the goal of treatment is to lower LDL-C, the NCEP4 recommends that LDL-C levels be used to initiate and assess treatment response. If LDL-C levels are not available then Total-C alone may be used to monitor long-term therapy. A lipoprotein analysis (including LDL-C determination) should be carried out once a year.

Cholestyramine resin monotherapy has been demonstrated to retard the rate of progression2,3 and increase the rate of regression3 of coronary atherosclerosis.

2) Prevalite® is indicated for the relief of pruritus associated with partial biliary obstruction. Cholestyramine resin has been shown to have a variable effect on serum cholesterol in these patients. Patients with primary biliary cirrhosis may exhibit an elevated cholesterol as part of their disease.

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Published Studies Related to Prevalite (Cholestyramine)

Benign elevations in serum aminotransferases and biomarkers of hepatotoxicity in healthy volunteers treated with cholestyramine. [2014]
has never been associated with clinically relevant liver injury... CONCLUSION: All toxicity biomarkers measured in this study were elevated along

Efficacy of 10% sucralfate ointment in the reduction of acute postoperative pain after open hemorrhoidectomy: a prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. [2013]
hemorrhoidectomy... CONCLUSIONS: Sucralfate ointment reduced the acute postoperative pain after

The effect of gemfibrozil, niacin and cholestyramine combination therapy on metabolic syndrome in the Armed Forces Regression Study. [2011.05]
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular events independent of overt diabetes. Dietary restriction and weight loss modify metabolic syndrome components. This study addresses whether combination pharmacologic therapy focused on dyslipidemia provides additional benefit... CONCLUSIONS: The combination of gemfibrozil, niacin and cholestyramine has profound, beneficial effects on the components of metabolic syndrome. These benefits are additive to those seen with aggressive diet and lifestyle modification.

Colesevelam hydrochloride powder for oral suspension versus cholestyramine powder for oral suspension: comparison of acceptability and tolerability. [2011.03]
OBJECTIVE: To compare tolerability of colesevelam hydrochloride powder versus a cholesterol-lowering equivalent dose of generic cholestyramine powder, each mixed in water, by means of the validated Bile Acid Sequestrant Acceptability (BASA) Scale... CONCLUSION: Although study participants thought that the orange-colored generic cholestyramine powder had a better appearance, they also reported that colesevelam hydrochloride for oral suspension tasted better. A minority of study participants thought appearance was "very important"; a substantial majority thought taste was "very important" for potential long-term compliance.

The effect of gemfibrozil, niacin and cholestyramine combination therapy on metabolic syndrome in the Armed Forces Regression Study. [2011]
pharmacologic therapy focused on dyslipidemia provides additional benefit... CONCLUSIONS: The combination of gemfibrozil, niacin and cholestyramine has

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Prevalite (Cholestyramine)

Comparison of Colesevelam Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) Powder For Oral Suspension Versus Generic Cholestyramine Through Use of the Bile Acid Sequestrant Acceptability (BASA) Scale [Completed]
The objective of this study is to compare the acceptability of Colesevelam HCl powder for oral suspension versus generic cholestyramine via the BASA scale, based upon an anticipated equivalent cholesterol lowering doses of each comparator drug.

Low Doses of Cholestyramine in the Treatment of Hyperthyroidism [Completed]
The enterohepatic circulation of thyroid hormones is increased in thyrotoxicosis. Bile-salt sequestrants (ionic exchange resins) bind thyroid hormones in the intestine and thereby increase their fecal excretion. Based on these observations, the use of cholestyramine has been tried. The present study evaluates the effect of low doses of cholestyramine as an adjunctive therapy in the management of hyperthyroidism

A Single Research Site Bile Acid Sequestrant Acceptability (BASA) Scale Pilot Validation Study [Completed]
The purpose of the research study is (1) to rate the taste, texture, appearance, and mixability of 2 different doses of orange flavored cholestyramine compared to orange flavored Tang, (2) rank the importance of the taste, texture, appearance, and mixability when rating cholestyramine and Tang to determine the accuracy and usefulness of a taste test questionnaire.

There is evidence of the association between diabetic microangiopathy and elevated serum concentrations of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). AGEs levels are associated with ingestion of specific foods (baked meats and milk powder); reducing their dietary intake lowers AGEs concentrations, with beneficial metabolic effects; however threre is still no evidence of whether this has an impact on microvascular complications of DM. We recently applied for funding to compare in a RCT the effects of Cholestyramine versus placebo, on visual electrophysiology. This drug is similar to Sevelamer in structure, both act as chelators of bile salts, and reduce absorption of dietary AGE, lowering serum levels. However it is essential to carry out preliminary tests to assess aspects that may imply adjustments to the proposed protocol, such as: 1) tolerance to the drug 2) short term effect of the drug versus placebo on serum levels of AGEs 3) effects of the drug versus placebo in levels of fat soluble vitamins (D and K specifically) 4) intra and interindividual variability of electrophysiological measurements of vision (ERGMF and optic nerve conduction velocity) 5) drug versus placebo in electrophysiological measurements of vision (neuroconduction ERGMF and optic nerve). Objective: The present project is planned as a

pilot study, which will clarify points 1 to 5. Methodology: patients (6 DM2, 25 - 50 y) will

be assessed through anthropometry, clinical laboratory tests (creatinine, chemistry profile, lipid profile, microalbuminuria glycosylated hemoglobin, vitamin B12, 25OH vitamin D and prothrombin), dietary recalls specifically designed to analyze the regular consumption of AGEs, serum CML and neuro-ophthalmological study (fundus, ERGMF and optic nerve conduction). Subsequently each patient will be assigned to treatment with placebo for 3 months and then Cholestyramine 6 g / day for 12 weeks and at the end of each period will be reassessed using the same methodology. If patients cannot tolerate the drug, they will be assigned to a reduced AGE diet. Expected results: Cholestyramine will have side effect similar to placebo (mainly digestive). The active drug and not placebo will reduce serum levels of AGEs and electrophysiological parameters of vision at 12 weeks. It is expected that a low AGEs diet in patients who do not tolerate the drug will also reduce serum CML although to a lesser degree and will also induce electrophysiologic changes.

Effect of Teriflunomide on Immune Cell Subsets in the Blood of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis [Completed]
Primary Objective: To measure the effect of Teriflunomide on lymphocytes subsets in patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis as compared with baseline values and those of a reference population of untreated healthy subjects. Secondary Objectives: To assess if Teriflunomide treatment results in biased T cell clonal diversity. To assess the effect of Teriflunomide on the function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (proliferation and cytokine production in situ). To assess the circulating cytokines profile in the serum of Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis (RMS) patients during a 24-week treatment versus baseline and healthy controls. To assess the reversibility of all parameter changes in patients who discontinue treatment after accelerated elimination procedure with cholestyramine or activated charcoal.

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Based on a total of 1 ratings/reviews, Prevalite has an overall score of 6. The effectiveness score is 8 and the side effect score is 8. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.

Prevalite review by 40 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Considerably Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   diarreah
Dosage & duration:   1/2 hour before each meal (dosage frequency: usually 3 x a day) for the period of perspcription was for 3 months
Other conditions:   irritable bowel syndrome
Other drugs taken:   thyroid medication
Reported Results
Benefits:   The benefits of this treatment was there was a decreased amount of bowel movements per day. Also severe cramping and urgency to empty the bowel was decreased by 50% and meals could be enjoyed, even when out in public places where a washroom might not be available.
Side effects:   Somtimes constipation would occur, and there would be a tight, bloating feeling in the lower abdomen.
Comments:   Treatment was to take this medication one half an hour before eating a meal. Powder was to be mixed in water or other fluid except carbonated beverages. Medication was to be taken for one month to see if there was an improvement in the symptoms of constant diareah after meals.

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Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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