DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Pentazocine and Naloxone (Pentazocine Hydrochloride / Naloxone Hydrochloride) - Summary

 
 



SUMMARY

Pentazocine and
Naloxone
Hydrochlorides
Tablets USP
Rx only
30158-4

Pentazocine and naloxone hydrochlorides tablets USP contain pentazocine hydrochloride USP, equivalent to 50 mg base, a member of the benzazocine series (also known as the benzomorphan series), and naloxone hydrochloride USP, equivalent to 0.5 mg base. Pentazocine and naloxone hydrochlorides tablets are an analgesic for oral administration.

Pentazocine and naloxone hydrochlorides tablets are intended for oral use only. Severe, potentially lethal, reactions may result from misuse of pentazocine and naloxone hydrochlorides tablets by injection either alone or in combination with other substances. (See DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE section.)

Pentazocine and naloxone hydrochlorides tablets are indicated for the relief of moderate to severe pain.

Pentazocine and naloxone hydrochlorides tablets are indicated for oral use only.


See all Pentazocine and Naloxone indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Pentazocine and Naloxone (Pentazocine / Naloxone)

Ultrasound First, Not CT, for Women's Pelvic Pain
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines [2015.04.22]
Research backs ultrasound for its lack of radiation, lower cost, and reliable results, but CT is often the go-to choice.
Medscape Medical News

Caterpillar fungus could hold the key to relieving the pain of osteoarthritis
Source: Arthritis / Rheumatology News From Medical News Today [2015.04.22]
A drug from a parasitic mushroom that lives on caterpillars could become an effective new painkiller for people with osteoarthritis within the next six years, according to UK researchers.

World-first MRI study shows babies experience pain 'like adults'
Source: MRI / PET / Ultrasound News From Medical News Today [2015.04.21]
Researchers have discovered that babies feel pain in much the same way as adults, leading to experts recommending a review of neonatal pain management practice.

'Tamper-Proof' Narcotic Painkiller May Be Curbing Abuse: Study
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain Specialty [2015.04.21]
Title: 'Tamper-Proof' Narcotic Painkiller May Be Curbing Abuse: Study
Category: Health News
Created: 4/20/2015 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 4/21/2015 12:00:00 AM

Neuropathic Ocular Pain as a Feature of Dry Eye
Source: Medscape Ophthalmology Headlines [2015.04.20]
Gain a better understanding of neuropathic ocular pain associated with dry eye, and how these findings could have implications for the diagnosis and treatment of dry eye symptoms.
Eye

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Pentazocine and Naloxone (Pentazocine / Naloxone)

Effect of acute topical application of +-pentazocine on the mechanical allodynia in diabetic mice. [2010.09.01]
Mechanical allodynia is a major complication in diabetic mellitus. Peripheral sigma(1) receptors were shown to be involved in nociceptive perception... This attenuation may be, in part, due to the normalization of increased peripheral NO contents in the hindpaw of diabetic mice.

Hazards of pentazocine for neonatal analgesia: a single-centre experience over 10 years. [2008.09]
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, neonatal analgesia for surgical procedures is a major challenge where postoperative care is inadequate. AIM: To report experience of pentazocine for neonatal surgery in a Nigerian tertiary hospital... CONCLUSION: The use of pentazocine in neonates was associated with high morbidity and mortality. Caution is required when using pentazocine for neonatal analgesia where post-operative respiratory support is insufficient.

Improvement of memory impairment by (+)- and (-)-pentazocine via sigma, but not kappa opioid receptors. [2005.09.28]
(+/-)-Pentazocine is widely used clinically to treat mild to moderate pain as a racemic compound. Although it is known that (-)-pentazocine acts as a kappa opioid receptor agonist to exhibit analgesic actions and (+)-pentazocine acts as a sigma receptor agonist without analgesic effects, their combined effect on memory has not been investigated in detail.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Pentazocine and Naloxone (Pentazocine / Naloxone)

Effects of Pentazocine Versus Lorazepam or Placebo on Manic Symptoms [Recruiting]
Pilot data indicates that pentazocine decreases manic symptoms in hospitalized individuals. To follow up these initial findings, we plan to conduct a larger, more rigorous, double-blind study. We will examine whether pentazocine, an agent with kappa-opiate activity, decreases manic symptoms.

Effects of Pentazocine on Manic Symptoms [Active, not recruiting]
The opiate neurotransmitter system is thought to be involved in many abnormal mood states. Some researchers have suggested that changes in this system may trigger the switch to/from manic and depressive states in bipolar disorder. One problem with most of the currently available opiate medications is that they can produce addiction/dependence. A particular kind of opiate medication known as kappa-opiates may be able to produce changes in this system with much less risk of addiction. This study looks at Talwin (a combination of pentazocine and naloxone), a medication which affects the kappa and mu opiate systems. The study will examine whether two doses of Talwin affect manic symptoms in people who have been admitted to the hospital. This study will give more information about the involvement of the opiate system in bipolar disorder, and give important information for use in developing new treatments.

The Feasibility of Different Doses of Etomidate Admixed With Propofol in Induced Abortion: A Randomized, Double Blind Controlled Trial [Not yet recruiting]
To explore the feasibility of different doses of etomidate admixed with propofol in induced abortion: a randomized, double blind controlled trial.

Comparison of Three Kinds of Postoperative Analgesia After Total Knee Arthroplasty [Recruiting]
Postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be difficult to manage and may delay recovery. There are multimodal postoperative pain management after TKA, including intravenous opioids, epidural analgesia, peripheral nerve blocks or periarticular infiltration with local anesthetics. All of these treatments may lead to side effects such as nausea, headache, hypotension, urinary retention, partial motor block and infection of the knee. Therefore the investigators will compare three methods of postoperative analgesic after TKA by their efficiency and complication.

Comparison of Two Kinds of Postoperative Analgesia After Amputation [Recruiting]
Pain after amputation is a significant problem among amputees. Phantom limb pain may appear in up to 85% of patients and is usually resistant to a wide variety of treatments. It is believed that regional anesthesia, by preventing the establishment of central sensitization, may play a role in reducing the incidence of acute and chronic pain. Therefore the investigators will compare two methods of postoperative analgesic after after amputation by their efficiency and complication.

more trials >>


Page last updated: 2015-04-22

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2015