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Paclitaxel (Paclitaxel) - Summary

 
 



BOX WARNING

WARNING

Paclitaxel Injection should be administered under the supervision of a physician experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Appropriate management of complications is possible only when adequate diagnostic and treatment facilities are readily available.

Anaphylaxis and severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by dyspnea and hypotension requiring treatment, angioedema, and generalized urticaria have occurred in 2% to 4% of patients receiving paclitaxel in clinical trials. Fatal reactions have occurred in patients despite premedication. All patients should be pretreated with corticosteroids, diphenhydramine, and H2 antagonists. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.) Patients who experience severe hypersensitivity reactions to paclitaxel should not be rechallenged with the drug.

Paclitaxel therapy should not be given to patients with solid tumors who have baseline neutrophil counts of less than 1,500 cells/mm3 and should not be given to patients with AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma if the baseline neutrophil count is less than 1000 cells/mm3. In order to monitor the occurrence of bone marrow suppression, primarily neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, it is recommended that frequent peripheral blood cell counts be performed on all patients receiving paclitaxel.

 

PACLITAXEL SUMMARY

PACLITAXEL INJECTION USP

Paclitaxel Injection is a clear colorless to slightly yellow viscous solution. It is supplied as a nonaqueous solution intended for dilution with a suitable parenteral fluid prior to intravenous infusion.

Paclitaxel Injection is indicated as subsequent therapy for the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the ovary.

Paclitaxel Injection is indicated for the treatment of breast cancer after failure of combination chemotherapy for metastatic disease or relapse within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Prior therapy should have included an anthracycline unless clinically contraindicated.


See all Paclitaxel indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Paclitaxel

Patients with high-risk endometrial cancer benefit from radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy after surgery
Source: Radiology / Nuclear Medicine News From Medical News Today [2014.09.12]
Radiation therapy with concurrent paclitaxel chemotherapy following surgery is an effective treatment for patients with high-risk endometrial cancer, according to a study published in the...

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Paclitaxel

Omega-3 fatty acids are protective against paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy: a randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial. [2012]
proinflammatory cytokines involved in peripheral neuropathy... CONCLUSIONS: Omega-3 fatty acids may be an efficient neuroprotective agent for

BEAM: a randomized phase II study evaluating the activity of bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin plus paclitaxel in patients with previously untreated advanced melanoma. [2012]
metastatic melanoma... CONCLUSION: The study did not meet the primary objective of statistically

Impact of Lesion Length and Vessel Size on Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Everolimus- Versus Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents Pooled Analysis From the SPIRIT (Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System) and COMPARE (Second-generation everolimus-eluting and paclitaxel-eluting stents in real-life practice) Randomized Trials. [2011.11]
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of reference vessel diameter (RVD) and lesion length (LL) on the relative safety and efficacy of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES). BACKGROUND: Lesion length and RVD are well-known predictors of adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention... CONCLUSIONS: Patients with short lesions in large vessels have low rates of MACE at 2 years after treatment with either EES or PES. In higher-risk patients with long lesions and/or small vessels, EES results in significant improvements in both clinical safety and efficacy outcomes. (A Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Patients With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00180310; SPIRIT III: A Clinical Evaluation of the Investigational Device XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System [EECSS] in the Treatment of Subjects With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00180479; SPIRIT IV Clinical Trial: Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Subjects With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00307047; A Randomized Controlled Trial of Everolimus-eluting Stents and Paclitaxel-eluting Stents for Coronary Revascularization in Daily Practice: The COMPARE Trial; NCT01016041). Copyright (c) 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel doublet chemotherapy compared with monotherapy in elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: IFCT-0501 randomised, phase 3 trial. [2011.09.17]
BACKGROUND: Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy is recommended to treat advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in fit, non-elderly adults, but monotherapy is recommended for patients older than 70 years. We compared a carboplatin and paclitaxel doublet chemotherapy regimen with monotherapy in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC... INTERPRETATION: Despite increased toxic effects, platinum-based doublet chemotherapy was associated with survival benefits compared with vinorelbine or gemcitabine monotherapy in elderly patients with NSCLC. We feel that the current treatment paradigm for these patients should be reconsidered. FUNDING: Intergroupe Francophone de Cancerologie Thoracique, Institut National du Cancer. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cationic liposomal paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or gemcitabine alone in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer: a randomized controlled phase II trial. [2011.09.06]
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel embedded in cationic liposomes (EndoTAG-1; ET) is an innovative agent targeting tumor endothelial cells. This randomized controlled phase II trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of ET in combination with gemcitabine (GEM) in advanced pancreatic cancer (PDAC)... CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of advanced PDAC with GEM + ET was generally well tolerated. GEM + ET showed beneficial survival and efficacy. A randomized phase III trial should confirm this positive trend.

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Clinical Trials Related to Paclitaxel

Comparison of Liposome Entrapped Paclitaxel Easy to Use (LEP-ETU) and Taxol® Pharmacokinetics in Patients With Advanced Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
In this study, Liposome Entrapped Paclitaxel Easy to Use (LEP-ETU) is being compared to Taxol® to examine whether the paclitaxel in these 2 formulations undergoes similar processing by the body. Safety and tolerability of LEP-ETU and Taxol will also be assessed. In this study, each patient will receive one intravenous infusion of LEP-ETU or Taxol, followed 3 weeks later by an infusion of the other drug, at the same dose and infusion duration. Multiple blood samples will be taken for analysis before, during, and after both drug infusions. Upon completing these 2 Cycles of treatment, eligible patients may enroll in an extension study (LEP-ETU-102B) to continue treatment with LEP-ETU.

LEP-ETU is a liposomal formulation of paclitaxel, a widely used anti-cancer drug. This LEP-ETU formulation of paclitaxel is being developed to potentially reduce toxicities associated with Taxol, by eliminating the drug formulation component polyoxyethylated castor oil (Cremophor® EL). In LEP-ETU, paclitaxel is associated with liposomes, which are microscopic membrane-like structures created from lipids (fats). Thus, the LEP-ETU formulation could potentially have reduced toxicity, while maintaining or enhancing efficacy.

Use of Nanoparticle Paclitaxel (ABI-007) for the Prevention of In-Stent Restenosis [Active, not recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of systemic intracoronary administration of albumin-bound paclitaxel, ABI-007, for the prevention and reduction of restenosis following de novo stenting or following angioplasty for in-stent restenosis.

Randomized Ph 2 Trial Of Paclitaxel/Carboplatin /Bevacizumab + PF-3512676 And P/C/B Alone In Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC [Active, not recruiting]
To assess the efficacy and safety of PF-3512676 administered in combination with paclitaxel, carboplatin and bevacizumab as first-line treatment in patients with locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer

Combination Chemotherapy, Bevacizumab, Radiation Therapy, and Erlotinib in Treating Patients With Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer [Recruiting]
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of non-small cell lung cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving combination chemotherapy together with bevacizumab, radiation therapy, and erlotinib may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of bevacizumab and erlotinib when given together with combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Paclitaxel and ABI-007 in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors [Active, not recruiting]
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and ABI-007, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining paclitaxel with ABI-007 may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining paclitaxel with ABI-007 in treating patients who have locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Paclitaxel Side Effects

Dyspnoea (210)Anaemia (176)Fatigue (171)Nausea (159)Diarrhoea (148)Vomiting (127)Febrile Neutropenia (123)Pyrexia (104)Dehydration (95)Hypertension (94)more >>


Page last updated: 2014-09-12

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